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Asi Sl Casm Partnerships Presentation Final Sent To Wb
 

Asi Sl Casm Partnerships Presentation Final Sent To Wb

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Asi Sl Casm Partnerships Presentation Final Sent To Wb Asi Sl Casm Partnerships Presentation Final Sent To Wb Presentation Transcript

  • Partnerships to Restore Minerals Policy and Institutions in a Post Conflict Country Sierra Leone
  • Agenda
    • Brief introduction to the project
    • Perspectives
    • The origins of the project
    • Partnerships
    • Overview of artisanal mining in Sierra Leone
    • Constraints to the restoration of policy and institutions
    • What have the partnerships achieved?
    • What more do we intend to achieve?
  • Introduction
    • Two-year DFID funded project in Sierra Leone to provide technical assistance to the Ministry of Mineral Resources (MMR)
    • Purpose: To strengthen the efficiency and capacity of the MMR to achieve its mandate
    • Activities include day-to-day management support, policy development, legal and regulatory reform, strengthening functions
    • Focus is on implementation and not analysis/theory
  • Our perspective?
  • Our perspective
  • Sierra Leone top performer in West Africa
  • Sierra Leone
    • Small country in West Africa
    • Gained independence from Britain 1961
    • Abundant natural resources include rutile, diamonds, bauxite, gold, iron ore, platinum
    • Security and stability a major success following end of war in 2002
  • Origins of the project
    • Management and Functional Review of MMR conducted by Public Sector Reform Unit (PSRU)
    • DFID Diamond Sector Project
    • DFID Security Sector Project
    • DFID support to United Mineworkers Union (UMU)
    • Strategic and Environmental Assessment (Gary McMahon, 2007)
    • Request from previous President for an expatriate Director General
  • Partnerships Government: MMR, PSRU, HRMO, Office of the President, GDO, NRA Donors: DFID, World Bank, EC, UNDP, USAID Membership organisations: United Mineworkers Union, Chamber of Mines
  • Artisanal mining
    • Artisanal licenses:
      • 2006: 2,184 licences; 2007: 1,968 licences
      • Only available to Sierra Leoneans
      • Estimated to be 2,000 unlicensed
    • Estimated to be 150,000 to 300,000 artisanal miners (grassroot diggers)
    • In 2006 artisanal miners produced approximately 80% of the country’s diamonds
    • Artisanal licenses are not having the desired effect on the market
    • Most grassroots diggers living in poverty
    • Lack of engagement between large-scale mining companies and communities and artisanal miners
    • Sometimes confusion between LSM, exploration and prospecting licenses and ASM licenses
  • Constraints to restoration of policy and institutions
    • The loss of technical expertise across the organisation but particularly within the Mines Division
    • Lack of policy implementation: Core Mineral Policy, Strategic and Environmental Assessment (Gary McMahon, 2007)
    • Weak or lack of regulations
    • The weak linkages between the regional offices and headquarters
    • Ineffective monitoring and compliance of precious mineral trading
  • Realising potential requires:
    • Government organisations with capacity to attract and retain professional, technical staff
    • Public servants with the incentives required to govern the sector better
    • A separation of policy from implementation
    • A clear legal and regulatory framework with the capacity to enforce
    • Mining companies meeting their social and environmental obligations
    • Government organisations willing to engage and respond to stakeholders
    • Mining communities seeing tangible benefits of mineral production
  • What have the partnerships achieved so far?
    • Major institutional reform proposals being debated by Cabinet
    • Review of mineral rights is a transparent process
    • MMR mindset is shifting away from fire-fighting and towards economic and social policy
    • MMR communicating better with civil society
    • Improved communication between MDA’s involved in minerals governance
    • Chamber of Mines established
    • Diamond Area Community Development Fund “unblocked”
    • United Mineworkers Union on path to becoming sustainable
  • Better stakeholder engagement www.slmineralresources.org
  • What else do we intend to achieve?
    • Policy implementation
    • New legislation
    • New regulatory framework including new artisanal mining and trading regulations
    • Institutional reforms approved and implemented
    • Ministry has capacity to perform functions
    • 4 points above have had positive and sustainable impact on artisanal mining
    • Test of partnership effectiveness = CASM 2009
  • Thank you