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Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)
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Alternative uses to reduce gas flaring - Anders Pederstad (Carbon Limits)

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    • 1.  
    • 2. Agenda December 03, 2008 Carbon Limits AS <ul><li>The use of non-associated gas in open-cycle gas-lift </li></ul><ul><li>Example case from Democratic Republic of Congo </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual framework for a new CDM baseline methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Key characteristics of the proposed methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
    • 3. The use of non-associated gas for gas-lift leads to flaring and substantial GHG emissions December 03, 2008 Carbon Limits AS <ul><li>Gas-lift is a commonly used artificial-lift method by which high-pressure gas assists in bringing oil to the surface </li></ul><ul><li>High-pressure gas can be provided from either associated or non-associated sources </li></ul><ul><li>Non-associated gas is often at higher pressure than associated gas and typically require less treatment than associated gas </li></ul><ul><li>Where gas has low value, non-associated gas is often the lowest cost of supply of high-pressure gas for gas-lift </li></ul><ul><li>When non-associated gas is used as gas-lift gas, there is often higher, absolute volumes of gas flared </li></ul>
    • 4. Offshore oilfield in DRC utilizing non-associated gas for gas-lift as it represents the lowest cost of supply December 03, 2008 Carbon Limits AS All numbers in MSCF/day Original situation:
    • 5. Project for optimization of gas utilization on-site developed based on potential CDM benefits: 30,000 tCO2e/month December 03, 2008 Carbon Limits AS All numbers in MSCF/day Pilot CDM project activity:
    • 6. The characteristics of the DRC project provides the conceptual framework for a new CDM methodology December 03, 2008 Carbon Limits AS <ul><li>Non-associated gas can be the lowest cost option to provide high-pressure gas for gas-lift of oil wells (i.e. an open-cycle gas-lift system) </li></ul><ul><li>Gas from oil wells that is currently flared can be recovered and used to substitute for the non-associated gas, thus reducing flaring of gas </li></ul><ul><li>The volume of gas recovered for use for gas-lift serves as a one-to-one proxy for the volume of non-associated gas that would have been used in the baseline to provide the same service </li></ul><ul><li>Projects will take place in complex brownfield developments and could require utilization of both new and existing gas infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>A change in the supply to the gas-lift system will by itself not end gas flaring at the field </li></ul>
    • 7. December 03, 2008 Carbon Limits AS End-use (i.e. gas-lift system) included within project boundary and in the baseline selection
    • 8. Highlights December 03, 2008 Carbon Limits AS <ul><li>Substitution of non-associated gas with recovered gas for gas-lift leads to a measurable reduction in flaring and thus GHG emissions in situations with very limited opportunities to market gas </li></ul><ul><li>CDM can alter the economic balance in favor of gas from oil wells given that the motivation for using non-associated gas is lower cost (example in DRC has an abatement cost of 2.9 USD/tCO 2e ) </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure for selection of baseline scenario in NM0277 can be further improved to expand the applicability of AM0009/AM0037 to allow for the recovery of gas-lift gas as well as associated gas </li></ul>
    • 9. Postboks 5, 0051 OSLO Norway Biskop Gunnerus’ gate 14A, 0185 OSLO Norway Telephone: +47 45 40 50 00 Fax: +47 22 42 00 40 Oslo Kirkegaten 3, 0046 STAVANGER, Norway Telephone: +47 93 40 15 40 Fax: +47 51 89 09 55 Stavanger 6378 Castello 30122 Venice ITALY Mobile: +39 349 813 3352 Land: +39 041 277 0019 Venice

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