Reporting and Accounting
  Land Use and Land Resource


Phillip O’Brien      p.obrien@epa.ie
Research Specialist
Climate C...
Outline


   UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol reporting
   Land Use resources and reporting
   Land Use Change in Ireland (histor...
UNFCCC Reporting
Kyoto Protocol Accounting

 UNFCCC Reporting
    All anthropogenic emissions and sinks
    All years s...
UNFCCC Reporting
Kyoto Protocol Accounting

Sector                UNFCCC                 Kyoto           Post           Fu...
Impacts, Reporting and Accounting
of Mitigation Options

Energy Crops (forestry, biomass crops, grass)
Action         Sect...
Impacts, Reporting and Accounting
of Mitigation Options
Improved management of peatlands
Including Restoration of ecosyste...
Land Use Change in Ireland

The pattern of changing land use in Ireland.
Agricultural and Wetlands have been converted to ...
Afforestation contribution to Sequestration


 Afforestation towards a target of
  ~20% land cover by 2050
 Continued se...
Potential contribution of Soil Carbon
Sequestration


 3 million hectares
  managed grassland
 Approx. 1 tC ha-1 yr-1
 ...
The Future


Inventory rules will change through negotiation
 Especially in the area of Land Use

Reporting
 Integration...
Conclusions

 Research is required to address the measurement difficulties for
  carbon sequestration

 Ireland needs to...
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Reporting and Accounting - Land Use and Land Resource - Philip O'Brien, EPA - June 2010

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Reporting and Accounting - Land Use and Land Resource - Philip O'Brien, EPA - June 2010

  1. 1. Reporting and Accounting Land Use and Land Resource Phillip O’Brien p.obrien@epa.ie Research Specialist Climate Change Research Programme NUIG
  2. 2. Outline  UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol reporting  Land Use resources and reporting  Land Use Change in Ireland (historic)  Carbon sequestration, long term considerations  The future  Conclusions
  3. 3. UNFCCC Reporting Kyoto Protocol Accounting  UNFCCC Reporting  All anthropogenic emissions and sinks  All years since 1990  Kyoto Accounting  Agreed sub-set of emissions and sinks  Deforestation, Afforestation and reforestation Annex I countries  Targets  Additional measures since 1990  Natural emissions and sinks are not included in either  KP include mention of preservation of carbon stocks but only deforestation is accounted.
  4. 4. UNFCCC Reporting Kyoto Protocol Accounting Sector UNFCCC Kyoto Post Future Protocol Kyoto Energy Energy generation Transport Industry Residential heating Agriculture Enteric fermentation Challenging Manure management to reflect Agricultural Soils behaviour change Land Use, Land Use Forestry Afforestation Forest Forest Change and Forestry management management Cropland Cropland Cropland Grassland Grazing land Grazing land Wetlands Wetlands Settlements Other lands
  5. 5. Impacts, Reporting and Accounting of Mitigation Options Energy Crops (forestry, biomass crops, grass) Action Sector Mitigation Inventory Accounting Energy Crops Energy/ Fossil fuel Fossil fuel use Energy sector, Transport/ replacement reduction transport, Residential residential heating Energy Crops Agriculture Displacement of Reduced CH4 and Agricultural livestock N2O emissions emissions emissions Energy Crops Land Use Increased net Above & below Optional, but Change and biomass ground biomass difficult Forestry Energy Crops Land Use Enhanced soil Change in soil carbon Optional, but Change and carbon stocks difficult Forestry sequestration Difficult to measure
  6. 6. Impacts, Reporting and Accounting of Mitigation Options Improved management of peatlands Including Restoration of ecosystem function to degraded peatlands Action Sector Mitigation Inventory Accounting Peatland Energy Reduced use of peat Direct impact on Energy management fuels, replace with fossil fuels residential heating renewable or higher emissions efficiency fossil fuel Peatland Land Use Increased net biomass Above & below Uncertain, management Change and (depending on ground biomass Possibly post Kyoto Forestry previous condition) Difficult to measure Peatland Land Use Enhanced soil carbon Change in soil Uncertain, management Change and sequestration carbon stocks Possibly post Kyoto Forestry Difficult to measure
  7. 7. Land Use Change in Ireland The pattern of changing land use in Ireland. Agricultural and Wetlands have been converted to forestry and, a lesser extent, to Settlement. ~250,000ha Agricultural Lands Afforestation Unmanaged wetlands Exploited Wetlands Settlements
  8. 8. Afforestation contribution to Sequestration  Afforestation towards a target of ~20% land cover by 2050  Continued sequestration out to 2100  Finite sequestration capacity  Saturation 2100
  9. 9. Potential contribution of Soil Carbon Sequestration  3 million hectares managed grassland  Approx. 1 tC ha-1 yr-1  Land use change to Forestry  Saturation of soil sink over 100 years  Significant reduction in sink by 2050
  10. 10. The Future Inventory rules will change through negotiation  Especially in the area of Land Use Reporting  Integration of Agriculture and LULUCF  Agriculture Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) Accounting  Mandatory new activities  Forest Management  Grassland; Cropland; Wetland management, Revegetation
  11. 11. Conclusions  Research is required to address the measurement difficulties for carbon sequestration  Ireland needs to pay attention to developments in international negotiations on accounting  In the long term, forestry and soil are likely to saturate  May be enhanced and extended with management  Need to avoid over-reliance on the “sink” component

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