Finding effective mechanisms to ensure an equitable management of access to and development and utilisation of land and natural resources is fundamental to the governance of the development process in many African countries, and by default for real economic growth.
The Mozambican Land Law of 1997 is widely regarded as exemplary in that it establishes an equitable framework for the co-existence of customary rights in land held by local communities and their members, and private rights for exploitation of land which can be granted by the state to private individuals and investors.
Although Mozambique is a land abundant country, multiple demands for land is now such that ordinary people’s stake in rural land cannot always be guaranteed without more systematic implementation of the legal provisions to protect and secure their rights to land, linked to transparent planning processes.
Work with communities that are genuinely interested, building community organisations and strengthening service provider capacity
Community land delimitations and demarcations, linked directly to productive development projects by producer and community associations and to utilisation of the 20% share of NR revenues by rural communities
Deepening dialogue and partnerships with district government and establishing synergy with specific private sector and civil society organisations
Multiple legal frameworks and priorities: Forest & Wildlife legislation and CBNRM; National Parks and protected areas; Agrarian Associations legislation; Mining and mineral concessions; the Decentralisation Strategy; The Rural Development Strategy; and Local economic development.
Many small projects: high transaction costs
Weak service providers able to work with communities: real local knowledge