Agri11 ifdc-de jager


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  • The need for increased production of food will rise at a faster pace than population due to increased consumption of meat for protein and the use of bio-fuels. It takes 8 lbs. of corn to product one lb of beef.
  • Projections on the need for global food production to meet demand in the literature vary mainly as a result of differences in expectations about the impact of income growth on patterns of food consumption in the developing countries and in growth in demand for biofuels. In some projections the demand for meat (beef, pork and poultry) is projected to increase more that 100%.
  • The Plant and Fertilizer Act, 2010 (Act 803) is the legal instrument for the control of plants, seeds and fertilizer importation , distribution and retailing in Ghana. Under the law, no person shall import, manufacture or distribute fertilizers in commercial quantities unless that person is registered with PPRSD of MOFA.
  • Agri11 ifdc-de jager

    1. 1. Realizing Agriculture Productivity Increase in Africa Intensification through Technical and Agribusiness Innovations Agribusiness Forum 2011 October 16-19, 2011 Johannesburg, South Africa André de Jager Acting Director IFDC - North and West Africa Division
    2. 2. Content <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>IFDC </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Production Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Agribusiness Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
    3. 3. By 2050 dietary shifts will result in the consumption equivalent of about 11.5 billion people at 2009 diet levels. Population and Food Demand Source: United Nations Estimates POPULATION = 9 BILLION FOOD DEMAND = 11.5 BILLION
    4. 4. To meet demand, global food production must increase by at least 70% by 2050 using less land and water resources without polluting the environment while coping with the climate change The Challenge
    5. 5. Poverty reduction and agriculture Contribution of income sources to poverty reduction in developing countries with reducing poverty rates (OECD, 2011)
    6. 6. Productivity and production
    7. 7. Agro Input Markets Constraints
    8. 8. Access to Markets
    9. 9. IFDC-Mission <ul><li>Increase sustainable agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Through improved plant nutrient technologies or practices </li></ul><ul><li>Through increased access to input markets and product markets </li></ul>
    10. 10. IFDC intervention areas <ul><li>Input Markets: last mile delivery, quality and information </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Soil Fertility Management: environment and productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Agribusiness Clusters: output markets and value chains </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity and institutions: practical skills, organization and management </li></ul><ul><li>Policy environment: regulations and regional integration </li></ul>
    11. 11. Technical Productivity Innovations <ul><li>Seeds : improved varieties and GMO major contribution to productivity increase </li></ul><ul><li>Disease and pest management: new products, IPM, biological control </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanization: limited innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizers: no R&D, no product innovations, limited implementation innovations </li></ul>
    12. 12. 2 out of 3 bags of urea go unused in wetland rice production
    13. 13. UDP technology <ul><li>Urea is compacted into small briquettes—urea supergranules </li></ul><ul><li>Applied well below soil surface near plants’ roots </li></ul><ul><li>Use efficiency greatly improved because nitrogen is trapped where it is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in nitrogen gases lost to atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Inhibition of nitrification </li></ul>
    14. 14. New developments <ul><li>Virtual Fertilizer Research Center </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Organic-inorganic optimization </li></ul><ul><li>Urban-human nutrients recycling </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Profiled and mapped over 4,000 dealers and created an electronic database </li></ul><ul><li>Provided technical and business training to 2,300 agro-dealers, all certified by Government of Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Published a first-ever national directory of dealers </li></ul><ul><li>Linked trained dealers to US $1.6 m through a credit guarantee scheme </li></ul>Agro-Input Dealer Development in Ghana
    16. 16. Emergence and growth of agro-dealers in Ghana: Summary of IFDC’s direct interventions and achievements (2002 – 2011) Pre-subsidy period || Private – Public Partnership to implement fertilizer subsidy since 2008/09 2011 : GAIDA membership increased to 1,200 2009 IFPRI/ IFDC Dealer Survey 2004: Assisted about 2,000 dealers to serve 20,000 farmers in rural areas 2008 : IFDC trained 569 input dealers and certified by GOG 2009-11: Dealers set up 219 demos 2002-04: USAID “GAIMS” Dealer Training Project 2005 : Assisted GAIDA to become a founding member of 2003: IFDC facilitated GAIDA formation with core group of 500 members 2004: Facilitated opening of 390 new input shops 2008-2011: New 3-yr funding to support GAIDA + SEEDPAG 2009: IFDC mapped 3,500 agro –dealer shop locations 2010: Published& distributed 5,000 agro –dealer directories to farmers & other s 2010-11 103 GAIDA members accessed $1.5m credit from 2 banks 2011: GAIDA assisted GOG to develop regulations to implement the Plant & Fertilizer Law passed in June 2010 2011: GAIDA members trained to deploy ICT to improve operational efficiencies
    17. 17. Voucher Program Nigeria <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Develops the Private Sector by providing guaranteed sales in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Increases efficiency of delivering subsidies to smallholder farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces government costs and reaches more farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Timely availability of fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Identify target smallholder farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Distribute vouchers to these farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers use vouchers to purchase fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Government honors vouchers by payment to fertilizer suppliers </li></ul>
    18. 18. Results Voucher Program <ul><li>Reached 400,000 targeted rural smallholder farmers </li></ul><ul><li>94% of targeted farmers reached (11% old program) </li></ul><ul><li>Provided $13.5 million in government purchasing-power support </li></ul><ul><li>Sold more than 50,000 MT through the private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Sold a market value of $32.7 million of mineral fertilizer </li></ul>
    19. 19. ICT and Mobile Phone applications <ul><li>Access Market Information (RESIMAO, Esoko, Mfarm) </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialization and tracability </li></ul><ul><li>Financial services, insurance (M-pesa, Mobile Money, Kilimo Salama </li></ul><ul><li>Extension (Kencall) </li></ul>
    20. 20. Agribusiness Innovations Fertilizers <ul><li>Facilitate investments in local blending </li></ul><ul><li>Increased financing options in supply chain </li></ul><ul><li>Agro-input dealers: last-mile-delivery, intensification package, product and message </li></ul><ul><li>Pooling demand of smallholders </li></ul><ul><li>ICT application for market transparancy </li></ul><ul><li>E-vouchers </li></ul>
    21. 21. Conclusions <ul><li>Agricultural Intensification necessary and requires targeted technical and business innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Public-private partnership approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Well-functioning input and output markets </li></ul><ul><li>Financing and risks require more attention </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>For More information: </li></ul>