Agri09-Day III - Session III - Margaret Muhanga - Uganda Parliament
PROSPERITY FOR ALLPROGRAMME IN UGANDAAND ITS BENEFITS TO THE COMMUNITIES (PFA) PRESENTED BY Margaret Muhanga Mugisa MP KABAROLE DISTRICT Parliament of Uganda At the Agri Business Forum 2009, Cape Town, South Africa 15TH JUNE 2009
Prosperity For All PFA programmes in Uganda started many years back. But in 2005 the government decided to put more emphasis on poverty alleviation. This followed the end of fighting a 21years protracted war waged by the terrorist rebels of the Lord’s Resistance Army in Northern Uganda. Investment opportunities Uganda is the only country in the world which offers attractive business incentives to investors. These include among others; free land for investment and tax free imports.
Aims of PFA The following principles are the major focus in implementation of PFA; At least each household should have a daily income Each Household should have food security House holds to be organized into marketing groups for purposes of achieving enough volumes and attract buyers. The end result is poverty alleviation. The government is implementing PFA through The National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) programme under the Ministry of Agriculture
PILLARS OF PFAProductionValue AdditionMarketingMicrofinance
Pillar 1:PRODUCTIONUganda is known to produce high quality products and each of these components of production requires careful analysis and management by the people.The countryside is rich in agriculture, ever green with good whether and three planting seasons each year
Crops grown for food security and income generation Perennial crops have for daily income
Oranges and Cabbage Women form 70% of food production in Uganda
Poultry farming in Uganda Poultry farming for egg production is being promoted as a daily income earner under Propriety For All program. Poultry farmers also earn from selling broilers Off layers are also sold
Fish for daily income beingdisplayed by farmers in rural Kayunga District.
Diary farming Farmers on small land holdings are advised to keep a few animals
Pillar 3: VALUE ADDITION Value addition is necessary to improve the quality and longevity products Increase shelf life, to improve packaging. Lack of electricity hinders industrial development in rural areas. Value addition requires technology, and machinery to process the raw goods to finished and non perishable products.
Rice processed and packed ready for export Rice that is packed by Kibimba Rice Scheme is sold in all major super markets and food stores in Uganda
Value addition Maize milling by farmers in Masaka District The flour is exported to neighboring countries like; DRC, Rwanda and Southern Sudan
MARKETING Poultry farmers in Kabarole District parking their eggs for sale
Harvested perishables Oranges and garlic ready for the market
Export of food/cash crops from Uganda Uganda also exports fish, beef and bananas to Europe. However there is need for expansion of the market to other countries in Asia and America in order to widen the market. Coffee, cotton, cocoa tea, vanilla etc are exported to Europe, Asia and America. Uganda now exports food to Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, Southern Sudan and Rwanda.
Challenges of marketing Poor infrastructure i.e., the road network which makes transportation of produce from rural areas to urban places very difficult. Lack of electricity for small scale industries in rural areas. Perishable crops cannot last long
Pillar 4: MICROFINANCE There is need for rural financial institutions to boost the capacity of farmers. Most banks are urban based leaving the rural people un attended. The government started rural Savings and Credit Cooperative Organizations (SACCOS) in every sub-county in Uganda. Money is given to small scale rural farmers through farmer groups at very low interest rates.
Transformations Farmers who have embarked on high production have transformed from small mud and wattle houses to modern homes as can be seen in the following pictures. This transformation is aimed at getting everyone a descent livelihood and in the long run, it will be achieved.