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The European Market: Thecountries with the highestsales 2007 Germany 5.30 UK 2.56 France 1.90 Italy 1.87 Switzerland 0.79 Austria 0.74 Spain 0.60 Denmark 0.58Netherlands 0.50 Sweden 0.49 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sales in billion Euros Source: Aberystwyth University, FiBL & ZMP 2009Rainman Landcare Foundation 5 17/02/2011
World Organic Market:currently over US$ 50 billion 50 40 30 World Market 20 (US$ billions) 10 0 1999 2003 2007Rainman Landcare Foundation 6 17/02/2011
Uganda: Development of Organic Agriculture East African Organic300 Standard (2007)250 Cotton, coffee, pineapples Producers200 (x 1000) and bananas for export150 Growing local market Land Area US$ 22 million certified100 (x 1000 50 organic export ha) (www.organic-world.net) 0 02 04 06 08 20 20 20 20 Rainman Landcare Foundation 7 17/02/2011
How do we reduce hunger and poverty?International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge,Science and Technology for DevelopmentThe IAASTD Report for Sub-Saharan Africa states (IAASTD,2008a, p.19 [www.agassess.org]):Strategies of rapid agricultural developmentneed to be coordinated more directly withstrategies for biodiversity and waterconservation such as retaining areas ofnatural vegetation in production areas,keeping areas where pollinators can thrive,promoting organic agriculture, incorporatingtrees in agricultural landscapes. WHY?
Both scale and impact ofhuman activities has increased We need to feed 9 billion people by 2050 We have to stop polluting and wasting water We must use energy efficiently, not burn up our resources making a greenhouse Poverty and hunger should reduce dramatically in this century (WSSD, 2002, Triple Bottom Line: Environmental protection, Economic viability, Social Equity = sustainable) The answer is organic farming and locally-centred development projects using renewable resources This will help Africa use her comparative advantage (less history of pollution, recent organic traditional knowledge)Rainman Landcare Foundation 11 17/02/2011
Economic and environmentalbenefits: why uphill for organics? US Board on Agriculture (Nat Res Council) Report on Alternative Agriculture 1989, already concluded: Organic farmers derive significant sustained economic and environmental benefits. Federal Policies work against organic farming, and should be changed.International developmental policies also militate against organic farming, in favour of industrial agriculture, which benefits the sponsoring countries, who sell inputs & technology, yet organic farming is productive, sustainable and appropriate – evidence follows:Rainman Landcare Foundation 12 17/02/2011
Organics and Food Quality(www.qlif.org)Quality Low Input Food Research Project (Europe, 18 million Euros, 31 Institutions), 2005-2009:Prof Carlo Leifert & Colleagues found Anti-oxidants, 60% higher in dairy; Vitamins, 20% higher in many foods; Wide range of benefits in organic vs conventional foods (Hohenheim, 2007).Rainman Landcare Foundation 13 17/02/2011
Poison Residues in Food inGerman Supermarkets -Kwalis 120 96.5 100 80 69.5 Conventional (n=1836) 60 Organic 40 24.6 (n=1041) 20 3.4 5.9 0.1 0 No Poison Traces only Health RiskRainman Landcare Foundation 15 17/02/2011
Are Organic yields lower?―In subsistence agriculture, organicfarming doubles or trebles yields, andthe world average organic yields areabout 132% more than current foodproduction levels‖ (FAO, 2007).
Water-use efficiency:Building active soils with high content oforganic matter has positive effects on soildrainage and water-holding capacity (20 to 40percent more for heavy loess soils in temperateclimate), including groundwater recharge anddecreased run-offs (FAO, 2007).
The FAO study also shows Organic:Non-solar energy use: 33 to 56% less;Carbon sequestration efficiency is almostdoubled;Agrobiodiversity is significantly higher;when compared with conventionalsystems (FAO, 2007).
―Food sovereignty is the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculturesystems. It puts the aspirations and needs of those who produce, distribute and consume food at the heart of food systems and policies rather than the demands of markets and corporations. It ensuresthat the rights to use and manage lands, territories, waters, seeds, livestock and biodiversity are in the hands of those of us who produce food.‖ —Declaration of the Forum for Food Sovereignty, Nyeleni, February 2007