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Eme2040 Fall 2013 Matt R Qwynne B
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Eme2040 Fall 2013 Matt R Qwynne B

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Behavorism

Behavorism

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  • 1. By: Matt R. Qwynne B.
  • 2.   Behaviorism is the prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part of its teaching methods. Positive and Negative Reinforcements
  • 3.    Scientist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1904. He was famous for his behavioral experiments with dogs. Pavlov used classic conditioning to teach dogs to salivate when a bell was rung.
  • 4.     Described what is known as behavioral or operant conditioning. Skinner was known for the experiments he conducted with pigeons. In these experiments he would reward the pigeons when they were seen behaving or acting in a certain, desired way. Using this method he even taught pigeons how to “dance.”
  • 5.    Was famous for the Social Cognitive Theory. Bandura believed people acquire behaviors first from observing then from imitating. He also focused on the concept of selfefficacy, which is a personal observation about one’s own perceived ability to think, feel, and motivate themselves to learn
  • 6.   Edward Thorndike (1874-1949) -Famous for his work done on learning theory that lead to the development of operant conditioning.
  • 7.  Award students using positive reinforcements ◦ Examples: good grades, candy, or even extra points  Punish students using negative reinforcements ◦ Examples: detention, minus points, or even calling of parents.
  • 8.  We will use this in our teaching because it is the way that everyone is brought up in school now a days. It’s all about the motivation.
  • 9.  Pictures  Web Sites  Text Book ◦ http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laure ates/1904/pavlov-facts.html ◦ http://bfskinner.org/ ◦ http://dickmalott.squarespace.com/storage/behavioris m.jpg?__SQUARESPACE_CACHEVERSION=138116678508 5 ◦ http://www.simplypsychology.org/edwardthorndike.html ◦ http://www.psych.utah.edu/gordon/Classes/Psy4905Do cs/PsychHistory/Cards/Watson.html

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