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Cycling in China

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By Bram van Ooijen, NMT and TDM Program, ITDP. Presented at Transforming Transportation, January 26, 2012, Washington, D.C.

By Bram van Ooijen, NMT and TDM Program, ITDP. Presented at Transforming Transportation, January 26, 2012, Washington, D.C.

Published in: Business, Sports

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  • I’ll be presenting on Cycling in ChinaMy name is Bram van Ooijen and I work for ITDP China, based in Guangzhou
  • Pictures kingdom of bikes, Chinese wanting carsChina has always been the kingdom of bicycles Every Chinese person wants to own a car and drive itNational government promotes car ownership and driving to stimulate GDP growthIn GZ there are three large car manufacturing plants that are important and the government wants to accommodate transportation in the direction of driving cars
  • Pictures bad roadsCities accommodate these demands with large roads and arterials through city centers and cities start losing their appeal. New cities and districts are all built around the use of cars.It’s a very large country and cities are all different, but this is what they generally look like.Our surveys show many people are scared of cycling:hardly any bike infrastructureIf there is it’s often used or blocked by carsDriving styles are dangerous for cycling – zebra crossing means nothing
  • So that’s urban transportation in China in a nut shell We at ITDP are helping city governments with planning and designing sustainable transportation.In China we’re involved in BRT, parking, urban design and cycling.We’re pointing out the problems with this car-oriented approach of urban transportation and use Chinese and international best practices to show how it can be done better.How to promote cycling?So it’s hard talking with governments about bike lanes and the promotion of cyclingHard to convince them that they should build bike infrastructure Giving up car lanes for bikes, is out of the question.New road design hardly includes bike facilitiesWe are working on these issues and raise awareness of cycling, but most important to us is getting bike infrastructure implemented, get people to use it and show everyone how successful is it.
  • We found out that the opportunities for improving cycling conditions in China, lie in the following projects:GreenwaysPublic bikesBRT, metroLow-carbon developmentsIn this presentation I will briefly discuss these projects
  • the number of cyclists who agree the statement “” increase from 24 to 43.
  • Around 40 public bike systems in ChinaEstablishment of www.publicbike.netConduct seminarsData found during surveyingGlobal best practicesFind a politician to support it (vice mayor)
  • 44% public transport29% walking16% private bike
  • Transcript

    • 1. How do we achieve greater cycling modeshare?Cycling in ChinaBram van Ooijen – ITDP Chinabram@itdp-china.org26 January 2012
    • 2. CHINA’S MOVE FROM BIKES TO CARS
    • 3. ROADS CATER TO CAR TRAFFIC
    • 4. HOW TO PROMOTE CYCLING?
    • 5. KEY OPPORTUNITIES FOR PROMOTION OFCYCLING BRT Greenways Public bike Low-carbon cities
    • 6. BRT Road sections changes for BRT Opportunity for implementation of bike lanes and bike parking
    • 7. 与公共交通良好的接驳
    • 8. BIKE VOLUME Volume of Bikes 2500 2000 53% 52% bikes/hour Increase Increase 1500 1000 24% 28% Increase Increase 500 0 AM PM AM PM gangding tangxiaNov-09(before BRT) 528 511 1083 971Mar-10(after BRT) 549 482 1297 1069Sep-10(after BRT) 814 749 1713 2064Oct-10(after BRT) 625 660 1820 1497Dec-10(after-BRT) 668 686 1712 1501Jan-11(after-BRT) 615 686 1530 1232Mar-11(after-BRT) 1859 1465
    • 9. “I FEEL SAFE RIDING MY BIKE ALONG ZHONGSHAN AVENUE/JICHANG ROAD.” "I feel safe riding my bike along Jichang “I feel safe riding my bike along Road" (Responses from Jichang Road Zhongshan Road”(Responses from ---Control Group Survey) Zhongshan Road) 60% 60% 50% 50% 40% 40% 9% down 30% 30% 20% 20% 19% up 10% 10% 0% 0% Agree/Strongl Disagree/Stro Agree/Strongl Disagree/Stro Neutral Neutral y Agree ngly Disagree y Agree ngly Disagree Before Before BRT(Dec.2009) 24% 26% 51% BRT(Dec.2009) 28% 38% 34% With With BRT(Aug.2010) 43% 17% 40% BRT(Sep.2010) 31% 49% 20%
    • 10. GREENWAYS Guangdong greenways 8200 km by 2015 Guangzhou greenways 1500 km now In city centers, suburbs and rural areas First greenways opened in the summer of 2010 Integrated in ordinary road design
    • 11. DONGHAOCHONG GREENWAY
    • 12. 易达性
    • 13. POLITICAL SUPPORT
    • 14. PUBLIC BIKE  www.publicbike.net
    • 15. EDUCATION, TRAINING AND SITE VISITSWITH LOCAL DECISION MAKERSDesign institutesCommunication CommissionPlanning DepartmentPublic Bicycle Company
    • 16. WORKING WITH THE INDUSTRYEngaged possible industry suppliersto educate them on best practicesand create relationships withgovernments
    • 17. PUBLIC BIKE STATIONSGUANGZHOU
    • 18. PROJECT PLANGovernment supported a system in the middle of the BRT corridor  More available street-space for stations  Close to Asian Games village  Good riding densities from ITDP surveys
    • 19. STATION LOCATION
    • 20. PLANNING – STATION LOCATIONAdjacent to BRT and bus stops  Integration into the BRT project  Electricity connection available  Represents an origin/destinationCommercial and residential areasPoints of Interest (POI)
    • 21. GUANGZHOU PROJECT PLANDefined by the government’s commitment of 5000 bicycles and 109 stations. Later expanded to 15,000 bikesConstruction and implementation in coordination with BRTOpened in June 2010Capital costs of 4.5M USD
    • 22. INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTUREThe public bike system operator is owned by the same government agency that owns the BRT operations company that is in charge of regulating bus stops and bus terminals
    • 23. HARDWARE AND ITSSimple cost effective city- type bicycle with front basket, fendersSide mounted docking terminalsFully automated station terminalsBuilt software in-houseRFID and GPRS information transfer
    • 24. OPERATIONAL PLAN Fully automated RFID and GPRS technology (ITS System). More bicycles than docks (2300) which requires some larger stations to have attendants as well as automated docks. Payment system integrated with bus, BRT, metro and taxi. Users need a deposit of at least 300 RMB on the card Service available from 07:00 – 22:00 with three 24hr stations
    • 25. SYSTEM INTEGRATIONIntegration with BRT and bike lanesZhongshan Avenue became a world-class sustainable transportation corridor
    • 26. 43
    • 27. SYSTEM USERS  Commuters  Lower middle income  Young (19-30) Previous mode of transport:  44% public transport  29% walking  16% private bike
    • 28. FUTURE OF THE SYSTEM
    • 29. CONCLUSION How do we make cycling a viable and preferred mode of transport in cities? How do we achieve greater cycling mode share? Work with and convince governments, find a champion BUILD BIKE INFRASTRUCTURE (bike lanes, greenways, public bike, bike parking) – make it a best practice Bring government leaders to these projects and show the benefits Involve local planners, engineers and media
    • 30. MORE INFORMATIONwww.itdp-china.orgwww.publicbike.netwww.chinabikesharing.orgwww.gchinabrt.orgwww.globalparking.net/Come and see our projects!bram@itdp-china.org
    • 31. ITDP SOLUTIONS
    • 32. DO NOTHING SCENARIO
    • 33. DO NOTHING SCENARIO
    • 34. 中山大道机动车出入口 54
    • 35. 5米宽自行车道-万新南路 BIKE PATHS - PROPOSED  Type 1a 55
    • 36. 5米宽自行车道改善-万新南路 56
    • 37. 设置专用的自行车过街通道根据机动车实际的右转轨迹,减小道路缘石半径,并外研人行道 根据各种交通工具在交叉口 处的要求调整现有道路断面 设置路中安全岛保护行人和 自行车
    • 38. 根据各种交通工具在交叉口处的要求调整现有道路断面根据机动车实际的右转轨迹,设置交通导流岛。设置专用的自行车过街通道设置路中安全岛保护行人和自行车
    • 39. 良好的过街设施,方便市民抵达绿道和过街
    • 40. FRIEND
    • 41. Large intersection with much pavement… 66
    • 42. 67