Transport in the context of COP 17 in Durban: What’s next?
Transport in the context ofCOP 17 in Durban: What’snext?Jennifer Morgan, Director Climate and Energy Program
Transportation Contributes ~20% of Global CO2 EmissionsGlobal CO2 Emissions Sales Transport CO2: 6.6 billion metric tons Transport CO2 6.6 billion metric tons Non-Transport CO2: 22.8 billion metric tons Non-Transport CO2 22.7 billion metric tons Source: IEA, 2010
Growth in Transportation sector liquids consumption is significantSource: EIA, International Energy Outlook, 2011
Kyoto Protocol Track LCA trackAgree to amend Kyoto Protocol Art. 3.1 Pledged targets and actions inwith target and/or ranges from Parties COP decision with greater information• Agreement to a second commitment period that will start 1/1/13 • Decisions to clarify targets and actions• Target to be finalized at CMP8• Commitment period of  years Operationalisation of Cancun Agreements and Bali Action PlanKyoto Amendments • Finance: Launched GCF and Standing• Takes note of amendments in Durban Committee ; minor steps on long-term finance and transparency• Adopt amendments at CMP8 in 2012 • MRV: Guidelines and processes for biennial• Agreement on rules on LULUCF (with work reports, NatComms, IAR, ICA; enhanced programme to explore land-based support accounting and additional LULUCF activities under CDM); greenhouse gases (expanded • Steps to operationalise NAMAs registry to SF6 and NF3); GWPs; inventories (2006 • Adaptation: Progress on NAP guidelines and IPCC Guidelines); flexibility mechanisms support; Adaptation Committee; Loss and (with a provision to review commitment Damage; Nairobi Work Programme period reserve). Continue discussions on • Progress on technology carryover of AAUs • Decision to have a new market mechanism KP Parties with no target in CP2 could Process to conclude negotiations voluntarily apply amended KP rules (no on a legally binding decision to do so in Durban) instrument, protocol or agreed outcome with legal force by 2015 • Ad hoc working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action
IMPLEMENTATION of Kyoto Protocol and Cancun Pledges KP CP2 = Kyoto Protocol, Second Commitment Period Wokrplan for ambition IMMEDIATE actions to increase LBI = Legally binding mitigation ambition between 2011 and instrument 2020: submissions and workshops LBC = Legally binding commitments Decision to amend KP KP CP2 KP CP2 Adopt LBI with post-2020 LBCs Negotiate LBI, including Roadmap for LBI post-2020 binding Prompt-start application +ratification + Implement Post-2020 commitments entry into force of new LBI binding commitments 1st periodic Review COP17 COP18 COP19 COP20 COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP282011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Opportunities for Transport LEDs NAMAs Namas Registry GCF Sustainable Low Carbon Transport
Types of Mitigation Actions Emissions Intensity Reductions GHG-Framed Carbon Mitigation NeutralityMitigation Actions Goals From a Base Year Actions Other Absolute Mitigation Emissions Actions Reductions From Business As Usual
Submitted NAMAs Non Annex I Actions Absolute relative to Absolute relative Carbon BAU to base year Intensity Neutrality Bottom-Up NAMAsBrazil Antigua and Barbuda China Bhutan Algeria GhanaChile Marshall Islands India Costa Rica Argentina IndonesiaIndonesia Republic of Moldova Maldives Armenia JordanIsrael Papua New Guinea Benin MadagascarMexico Botswana MauritiusPapua NewGuinea Brazil MauritaniaRepublic ofKorea Cambodia MongoliaSingapore Cameroon Morroco Central AfricanSouth Africa Republic Peru Chad San Marino Colombia Sierra Leone Congo Tajikistan Cote dIvoire Macedonia Ethiopia Togo Eritrea Tunisia Gabon
Where to focus• Engage in national level LEDs debate• Engage in NAMAs identification and formulation – Clarifications due on 1 March• Seek opportunities through registry, technology mechanism and GCF developments.