Defining Sustainable Mobility, Indicators and Targets
Defining SustainableMobility, Indicators and Targets Presentation by Michael Replogle to Transforming Transportation January 26, 2012
Goal: Achieve sustainable transport thatenables universal access to safe, clean, and affordable mobility. Social Economic Environmental
Targets & Indicators at Different Scales Project & Plan & Nation Portfolio RegionChallenges of Often best for Optimal scale toconsidering evaluating large consider systemsystem-wide programs and impacts forimpacts, induced system policies metropolitandemand plans/programs
Environment & Public Health GoalsEnsure global transport greenhouse gas emissions and transport sector fossil fuel consumption: (a) peak by 2020 (b) are cut by 40+ percent by 2050 compared to 2005 levels (c) ensure transport contributes to timely attainment of healthful air quality in all cities
Possible Indicators• Transport-related pollution• Progress towards creating & attaining pollution control plans• Number of days cities in non- attainment of WHO Air Quality Guidelines (PM, NOx, Ozone)• Share of population exposed to unhealthful air quality• Share of funding focused on projects that reduce pollution• Is funding tied to progress?
Possible Indicators• Annual fossil fuel consumption • per person for personal transport • per ton freight • by mode• Related GHGs• Vehicle fleet size• In-use fleet fuel efficiency• Share of funding focused on mitigation• Is funding tied to progress?
Public Health: Safety GoalSupport the Decade of Action for Road Safety (2011-20) andcut traffic-related deaths in half by 2025
Possible Indicators• Annual traffic fatalities• Share of funding focused on traffic safety• Are managers/agencies rewarded based on traffic safety progress achievement?
Mobility & Access GoalEnsure universal access to sustainable transport thoughsupport for safe, affordable public transport and safe,attractive facilities for walking and bicycling.
Possible Indicators• Mode shares• Daily time spent in travel and share of household income spent on transport by poorest 20%• Are plans/programs/projects evaluated for distribution of benefits and burdens?• Is funding tied to performance? 45% 42% 40% Share of household income spent 35% on transportation US 2000 30% 26% 25% 21% 20% 17% 15% 12% 10% 5% 0% 0 to $13,060 $13,061 to $25,218 $25,219 to $41,492 $41,493 to $67,516 $67,517 or higher Income Quintile
Possible Indicators• Proportion of urban roadways with safe walking & cycling facilities• Proportion of population within 1 km of public transport• Ratio of traffic deaths amongst wealthiest 20% to poorest 20%• Share of spending on walking, biking, public transport
ImplementationMDBs, aid agencies, countries, cities: Adopt and monitor (a) sustainable transport targets, (b) goals to advance equitable access for all, and report on these targets and goals.
Implementation• Quantify sustainable transport benchmarks• Collaborate in defining metrics• Advance methodologies to evaluate investments, frame alternatives analysis, & package initiatives• Work group being formed under Partnership for Sustainable Low Carbon Transport• Mainstreaming sustainability in road investments, broader transport investment programs
17Credit: Yang JIANG, Daizong LIU, Suping CHEN, Assessment Tools for China Low‐Carbon‐City Projects From the CSTC’s Perspective, 2011
TEEMP: Project-by-Project Tools1. Bike sharing2. Bikeways3. Pedestrian Facility Improvement4. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)5. Light Rail Transit/Mass Rapid Transit6. Roads Projects – Expressways, Rural Roads and Urban Roads7. Railways8. Commuter Strategies, Pricing Strategies, Eco-Driving , PAYD Insurance9. TEEMP City ModelAdopted by Global Environmental Facility as part of Manual for Calculating GHG Benefits of Transport Projects 18
TEEMP Used to Evaluate Project & ProgramImpacts for Multilateral Development BankSource: ADB. 2010. Reducing Carbon Emissions from Transport Projects 19
The SLoCaT Partnership Improve the knowledge on sustainable, low carbon transport, help develop better policies and catalyze their implementation 62 Members: International Organizations – Government – Development Banks – NGOs – Private Sector - AcademeAfrican Development Bank (AfDB) * Alliance to Save Energy* Asian Development Bank (ADB) * Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF) *Believe Sustainability *Cambridge Systematics Inc * Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) * Centre for Environment Planning & Technology (CEPT), Ahmedabad * Center for Science andEnvironment (CSE) * Center for Sustainable Transport (CTS) Mexico * Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies (PUSTRAL), Gadjah Mada University * CivicExchange (CE) * Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) Center * Clean Air Institute (CAI) * German Technical Cooperation (GIZ) * Ecofys* EMBARQ, The WRICenter for Sustainable Transport * Energy Research Center Netherlands (ECN) * European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) * European CyclistsFederation (ECF)* Fraunhofer- Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI)* Global Environmental Facility (GEF) * Global Transport Knowledge Partnership(gTKP)* HealthBridge* Hong Kong Shanghai Bank (HSBC) * Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) * Interface for Cycling Expertise (I-CE) * International Associationfor Public Transport (UITP * International Energy Agency (IEA) * International Transport Forum (ITF) * International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) *International Union of Railways (UIC) * Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) * The Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, UK* Institute ofUrban Transport India (IUTI)* Institute for Transport Policy Studies (ITPS) Institute for Transport and Development Policy (ITDP) * Institute of Transport Studies (ITS),University of California, Davis * Korean Transport Institute (KOTI) * Ministry of Land Infrastructure Transport and Tourism, Japan * National Center for TransportationStudies (NCTS), Philippines * Rockefeller Foundation * Society of Indian Automotive Manufacturers (SIAM) * Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) * Tehran Urban andSuburban Railway operation Company (TUSROC) * The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) * Transport and Environment (T+E) * Transport Research Laboratory (TRL)* United Nations Center for Regional Development (UNCRD) * United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA) * United Nations EnvironmentProgram (UNEP) * University College of London, Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering * University of Transport and Communication (UTCC)Hanoi * University of Twente/ITC (UT/ITC) * VEOLIA Transport * World Street * Wuppertal Institute* WWF International www.slocat.net
For More Information Michael Replogle Global Policy Director and Founder Institute for Transportation and Development Policy 1210 18th Street NW Washington, DC 20036 USA firstname.lastname@example.org 212-629-8001 www.itdp.org 21