Sustainable Transport Solutions in Emerging Economies - Holger Dalkmann - EMBARQ - Future Megacities in Action 2013 - 15 May 2013


Published on

As of May 2013, bus rapid transit (BRT) has expanded to operate in 156 cities across the world, with 83 additional cities currently in the planning and construction stages. In 2005, the Metrobus BRT system came to Mexico City, replacing 1,383 obsolete, highly polluting microbuses. Since then, BRT in Mexico has expanded to 35 lines, with 526 buses transporting over 1.16 million passengers per day, along 156 kilometers (97 miles) of road. Mexico’s BRT impact has been felt in the form of 180,000 total commuting hours saved; a 110,000-ton reduction in CO2 emissions -- equivalent to the annual emissions from 22,917 passenger vehicles; and a 35% reduction in harmful particle pollution.

EMBARQ director Holger Dalkmann emphasized BRT benefits as part of the Second Annual Future Megacities in Action 2013 conference, in Hamburg, Germany. Dalkmann also participated on two sessions, on mobility, integrated sustainable urban transport systems during a high-level conversation intended to advance discussion between public sector representatives, political decision makers, and researchers.

Bus rapid transit integrating with city culture in Mexico

Mexico City’s Metrobus is a good example of the versatility of bus rapid transit and its ability to adapt to historic districts, with cultural, tourist, and commercial value, while offering urban accessibility. Bus rapid transit has also helped make Mexico City’s streets safer for pedestrians, by recovering streets and sidewalk space for pedestrians and other road users. The bus rider experience has also been enhanced with entertainment and safety technology, as well as external fare systems, and accessibility for people with a variety of mobility needs.

In 2009, the Mexican Federal government instituted the Public Transportation Federal Support Program (PROTRAM) to fund public transportation improvements in cities with more than 500,000 inhabitants. As a result, BRT systems are being promoted in 35 cities across Mexico with the support from the Federal government.

But according to Dalkmann, BRT in Mexico still faces obstacles in the form of opposition from private bus operators, the need to build human skills to define quality BRT projects, shifting political agendas, and the limited number of communication strategies that currently in place to bring such projects into the public light, both before and after completion.

Bus rapid transit systems are but a part to rethinking urban development around mobility, and Mexico’s transport planners should tap the potential for further integration between the Metrobus, suburban rail systems, inter-urban transport companies, the airport, the Metro system, and the Ecobici bike-sharing system in order to scale up a sustainable mobility future.

Read more from Holger Dalkmann on

Published in: Technology, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sustainable Transport Solutions in Emerging Economies - Holger Dalkmann - EMBARQ - Future Megacities in Action 2013 - 15 May 2013

  1. 1. Sustainable Transport Solutions in Emerging EconomiesWorking Session - 10:30am-12:30pmMay 15, 2013Future Megacities in Action ConferenceHolger DalkmannDirector, EMBARQWorld Resources Institute
  2. 2. The Global Network of EMBARQ
  3. 3. CONGESTIONROAD SAFETYCLIMATE CHANGEPUBLIC HEALTH2-5 cost of GDP through trafficcongerestionTransport accounts for one-quarter ofglobal CO2 emissionsTraffic fatalities lead to 1.2 million deathsevery year and many more injuriesPhysical inactivity causes 1 in 10 deathsworldwide, on par with smoking
  4. 4. Paradigm Shift: Trend vs. LeapfroggingCheonggyecheon, Seoul, South Korea
  5. 5. Ahmedabad, India3.3 million 1992 6.4 million 2011
  6. 6. Two Options: Sustainable or Unsustainable?TodayAhmedabad, IndiaPopulation: 5.4mTrips: 5.6m/yrYear 2041Population: 13.2mTrips: 39.8m/yrAutomobilityArea: 6,484 sq. kmEmissions: 12.32m tCO2/yrTraffic Fatalities: 5,232/yrSustainable TransportArea: 50% reductionEmissions: 84% reductionTraffic Fatalities: 74% reduction• Same population• Same number of trips• Very different outcomes
  7. 7. Transport Infrastructure Investment EstimatesSource: CEPT University, 12FYP, 2011$10 Million20300.4 BillionUSD/Year0.6 BillionUSD/Year1.2 BillionUSD/Year0.8 BillionUSD/Year
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Non-motorizedmobilityPublic TransportPublic SpacesCompactdevelopmentwith mixed-usesGround Floor forcommercial useParking & carmanagementCommunityParticipationRethinking Urban Development: Mobility
  11. 11. Non-motorizedmobilityPublic TransportPublic SpacesCompactdevelopmentwith mixed-usesGround Floor forcommercial useParking & carmanagementCommunityParticipationRethinking Urban Development: Mobility
  12. 12. Bus Rapid Transport in Mexico
  13. 13. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  14. 14. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  15. 15. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  16. 16. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  17. 17. Photo:CTSEMBARQMexico
  18. 18. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  19. 19. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  20. 20. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  21. 21. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  22. 22. Evolution of BRT system in Mexico2003 2005 2008 2009 2011Length: 26 kmFleet: 61Length: 46 kmFleet: 156Length: 55 kmFleet: 216Length: 92 kmFleet: 330Length: 128 kmFleet: 4721,164,000pp/day2012Length: 156 kmFleet: 5261,114,000pp/day814,000pp/day552,000pp/day497,000pp/day237,000pp/day
  23. 23. 4 lines, 156 km in 9 years, 500 buses, 1.160,000 people/dayReplaced 1,383 obsolete, highly polluting microbuses17% of the users come from individual motor vehicles110,000 tons of CO2 per year reduced (total 385,000 tonsreduced so far)40% travel time savings per user (180,000 hours per year)35% reduction in exposure to particulate matter (PM 2.5)Metrobus in Numbers
  24. 24. Particulate matter emissions from ULSDwith technologies are similar to CNGULSD +techNon-ULSD+ nofilters
  25. 25. Integrated Transport Systems: Mexico CityInter-urban transportcompaniesAirportBRT systemMetro systemBike systemSuburban rail system
  26. 26. In 2009, the Mexican Federal government instituted thePublic Transportation Federal Support Program(PROTRAM) to fund public transportation improvementsBRT systems are being promoted in 35 cities in Mexico withthe support from the Federal governmentPROTRAM funds mass transit systems in cities withpopulation over 500 thousand peopleUpscaling: Mass Transit Program (PROTRAM)
  27. 27. 35 BRT Systems:o 5 build/under constructiono 30 under review / identificationBRT systems in MexicoEMBARQ providestechnical advisory forthe implementation ofBRT systems:1) identification2) Preparation3) Evaluation4) Implementation5) MonitoringBRT ChihuahuaBRT MexicaliBRT Ecovía MonterreyBRT ChimalhuacánBRT TampicoBRT AcapulcoBRT LecheríaBRT TijuanaBRT PueblaMetrobus Line 5BRT MonterreyBRT VillahermosaBRT Cd. Azteca - TecámacBRT TolucaAuthorizedUnder reviewTren Sub 1 CuautitlánBRT OaxacaBT Puebla 2Tren LRT GuadalajaraBRT PachucaBRT Cd JuarezBRT LeónUnder construction
  28. 28. Opposition from private bus operators to bus transportimprovements, including BRT systemsInstitutional capacity to design and implement BRT projectsDespite rapid implementation, BRT systems are influencedby the time of political appointmentsScrapping buses only in a limited number of cases; in mostcases “replaced buses” are reallocated in other areasLimited strategies to socialize the project to the public bothbefore and after completionChallenges in the planning and implementation process
  29. 29. 025507510012515017505101520251970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010CumulativeNumberofCitiesNewCitiesTracking BRT Adoption: Expanding MobilityAround the World2010: Guangzhou, Hefei, Yancheng, Zaozhuang – China;Jaipur - India; Bangkok - Thailand; East London Transit –UK; Barranquilla, Bucaramanga – Colombia;Ecatepec- Mexico; Lima - Peru; Brampton – Canada; …2000: Bogotá(TransMilenio),Colombia1974: Curitibasource:, April, 2013
  30. 30. BRT Use is Expanding Around the Worldsource: EMBARQ, 2011Planned / inconstruction(83 cities)In expansion(23 cities)In operation(156 cities)
  31. 31. Flickr user: mariordo59Curitiba, Colombia Delhi, IndiaGuangzhou, China Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  32. 32. Non-motorizedmobilityPublic TransportPublic SpacesCompactdevelopmentwith mixed-usesGround Floor forcommercial useParking & carmanagementCommunityParticipationRethinking Urban Development: Mobility
  33. 33. Solutions need to be integrated and enableaccessibilityFirst step of innovation is easy – continuation is themain challengeOnly managing the supply, but not the demand isinsufficientInstitutional arrangement is a pre-condition forenabling changeNational financial framework can help to upscalesolutionsFinal remarks
  34. 34. Thank you
  35. 35. Holger Dalkmann - HDalkmann@wri.orgEMBARQ.orgTheCityFix.comQuestions? Comments? Contact us at embarq@wri.orgFollow us on Twitter: @EMBARQnetworkContact