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Sustainable Transport Saves Lives
 

Sustainable Transport Saves Lives

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    Sustainable Transport Saves Lives Sustainable Transport Saves Lives Document Transcript

    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   Sustainable Transport Save Lives Holger Dalkmann EMBARQ, World Resources Institute Disfuncional relationship 1  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   3.2 million people Source: WHO Picture: noticiasnorte.com 2 million people Source: WHO Picrure: RPP Noticias 2  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   1.3 million people Source: WHO Source: WHO   South-­‐East  Asia  +  Western  Pacific  =  563,341     3  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   Sustainable transport saves lives AVOID  long  motorized   travel     SHIFT  to  safer,  healthier   and  more  environmentally   friendly  modes     IMPROVE  vehicle  and   fuel  technology  and  ensure   safe  system  design 4  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   Sustainable Transport Saves Lives U.S. states 35.00 Strategy Traffic fatalities per 100,000 people 30.00  Avoid/Shift: Reduce driving (VMT) via high- ! 25.00 quality sustainable transport (urban roads) R² = 0.69 20.00 !  Improve: Mainstream “road safety” into sustainable transport policy & solutions 15.00 8.4 fatalities per million miles driven 10.00 5.00 - 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 Daily VMT per person (urban roads) Source:  FHWA  Highway  StaJsJcs,  2008   Regression  Analysis:  EMBARQ New York and Atlanta NEW  YORK  had 3.49 traffic fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants in 2008     ATLANTA  had   10.97  fataliJes  per   100,000  inhabitants 5  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   ROAD SAFETY & ECONOMICS NYC case !  Traffic crashes cost NYCs economy $ 4.29 billion annually !  The cost of pedestrian crashes alone in NYC is estimated at $ 1.38 billion !  People of low socioeconomic status and the unemployed are at a higher risk for traffic fatalities Source: NYC Pedestrian safety study, 2010; Photo: H.Dalkmann Ahmedabad Scenarios Today 2041 Automobility Sustainable  Transport Population  (millions) 5.4 13.2 13.2 Trips (millions/yr) 5.6 39.75 39.75 Area  (Sq.  Km.) 1330 6484 3242 Emissions (million  Tons CO2/yr) 0.33 12.32 1.97 Traffic  Fatalities   (per  yr) 175 5,232 1,225 6  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   URBAN DEVELOPMENT Transit Oriented Development !   Increased transit use, walking and biking !   Residents are more physically active !   More destinations closer to transit !   Lower car use BRT & ROAD SAFETY Macrobús, Guadalajara Passenger per hour per direction Crashes per year (peak) 2 general traffic lanes 726 2 general traffic lanes 3194 1 BRT lane 5000 1 BRT lane 6 7  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   Safety impact of BRT (example: Guadalajara) Monthly crashes before and after the implementation of the BRT 250 5000 Before BRT During  BRT  construcKon   ALer  start  of  operaKons   4500 Citywide 200 crashes 4000 3500 150 3000 2500 100 2000 1500 50 1000 500 0 0 BRT and busway systems in the world! !   evolution of the # of cities and km per decade! 3741 km! 905 km! Before 1990 (14 cities)! 493 km! 1990´s (19 cities)! Total length! Since 2000 (114 cities)! ! source: BRTdata.org, October, 2012! 8  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   Global research: BRT and road safety Vancouver Guadalajara Delhi Mexico City Ahmedabad Cali Pereira Bogota Belo Horizonte Curitiba Porto Alegre Brisbane Results: Metrobus Line 4 before and after !   Road safety audit report 2011 Before (2011): Unprotected pedestrian refuge After (2012): Well protected island island 9  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   !   EMBARQ has developed a pilot version of Traffic Safety Guidelines for Bus Systems !   We will road test these guidelines with external partners on BRT projects around the world !   The guidelines are available and free to use and anyone is invited to participate in the road test or provide feedback Upscaling road safety 10  
    • EMBARQ  Knowledge  Management   11/8/12   Role of ADB? !   Continue to commit to own Sustainable Transport Initiative !   Champion sustainable transport as most efficient strategy to save lives !  Ensure safety as part of all projects (Mandatory Audit) !   Leadership amongst multilaterals Thank you for your attention www.embarq.org hdalkmann@wri.org 11