Sustainable Mobility Solutions - Role of Developers

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  • > On an average, the population of India’s six major metropolises increased 1.9 timesduring 1981 to 2001, while the number of motor vehicles went up 7.75 times during the samePeriod> It is projected that the Indian real estate market will show a 30% growth in the next decade. The National Urban Housing andHabitat Policy (NUHHP) of 2007 identified a housing shortage of 24.7 million households. Thehousing sector contributes up to 5-6% of the country’s GDP7 and this will increase given theshortage of housing.
  • > On an average, the population of India’s six major metropolises increased 1.9 timesduring 1981 to 2001, while the number of motor vehicles went up 7.75 times during the samePeriod> It is projected that the Indian real estate market will show a 30% growth in the next decade. The National Urban Housing andHabitat Policy (NUHHP) of 2007 identified a housing shortage of 24.7 million households. Thehousing sector contributes up to 5-6% of the country’s GDP7 and this will increase given theshortage of housing.
  • The NUHHP estimates that 99% of the housing shortage is in the economically weaker section((EWS) and low income group (LIG) sectors. The shortage
  • Given the poor experience of integrating transport and land use development, EMBARQ India explores incorporatingsustainable mobility in housing projects through a bottom-up approach.We define sustainable mobility as, “the development of infrastructure that enables and promotes travel by walking andbicycling, mixed land uses, public space creation and connectivity to public transportOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 1. Audits : the technical knowledge to design for sustainable mobility within private residential townships exists, but the process ofapplication needs to be institutionalized.2. Personalised interviews with various stakeholders were conducted, to identify keybarriers for private sector engagement in this process.3. Based on the feedback from the interviews a multi-stakeholder workshop was setup, tobring in various professionals invested in the field.
  • We want to influence the development paradigm
  • Work with developers to influence the design of upcoming developments
  • 52% said open spaces and safe environment within community, 37% said “green” practices followed, then 23% said distance to retail/shopping
  • Almost 70% strongly agreed to the statement
  • 63% strongly agreed to the statement
  • Sustainable Mobility Solutions - Role of Developers

    1. 1. By 2030: 350 120 590 500 URBAN POPULATION VEHICLES 2013 2030
    2. 2. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1… 1… 1… 1… 1… 1… 1… 1… 2… 2… 2… 2… 2… 2… 2… 2… 2… 2… 2… 2… Registered Vehicles, 1980-2011 (lakhs) TWO WHEELERS CARS AUTOS OTHERS Source(s): Karnataka RTO
    3. 3. (KR Puram) photo credit: EMBARQ
    4. 4. Western Express Highway at Bandra East, Mumbai photo credit: EMBARQ India Traffic Woes! No matter where you live or who you are…
    5. 5. 23,000 Homes 100,000 People 10 Developments
    6. 6. 5 Million People 250 Developments 1 Million Homes
    7. 7. Peer Learning Platform Develop Tools and Impart Training to Developers Document Best Practices and Publish Case Studies Develop Benchmarks and Indicators
    8. 8. Total dwelling units = 5,350 Total Population impacted is 21,400
    9. 9. 13% 52% 21% 23% 16% 6% 37% 15% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Distance from our current residence to schools Open spaces & safe environment within our residential community Distance from our current residence to employment opportunities Distance from our current residence to retail shops and other amenities Number of retail and amenity shops located within my residential community Distance from our residence to key transport locations: public transit, rail station, airport, etc. Green practices followed Family lives here Strongly agree
    10. 10. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 30.00% 35.00% Footpaths were more common / available everywhere Footpaths were better maintained & included more amenities such as benches I had shower and changing facilities at office / work The pedestrian network (footpath / benches / trees providing shade etc) inside my community was better The pedestrian network (footpath / benches / trees providing shade etc) near my office was better It was safer It was shorter or there was a short-cut available More friends / peers / co-workers also walk There were fewer cars / less noise pollution and/or less air pollution
    11. 11. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% I lived closer to my intended destinations If I owned a cycle Cycle parking was more available and/or more convenient I had shower and changing facilities at work More cycle lanes were available on roads in and around where I live It was safer I had more time There were fewer cars / less noise pollution / and/or less air pollution More friends / peers / co-workers did
    12. 12. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 30.00% 35.00% There was a shuttle service from my residence to my preferred public transit stop; interchange; or final destination There were better public transport services and connectivity in Bangalore It was less expensive It was safer It was faster or more reliable It was less crowded
    13. 13. Driver commute (base 60)
    14. 14. Peer Learning Platform & Workshops Google group “Sustainable Developers” sustainable-developers@googlegroups.com Work with developers to implement audit recommendations & estimate costs + impacts Develop Benchmarks and Indicators Develop Best Practice Guide and training course for developers & architects
    15. 15. 3rd largest city 5th largest agglomeration Pop: 9.6 Million Density: 7,600/sq.km. 47% Decadal Growth (2001-2011) Bangalore
    16. 16. Bangalore in 2001
    17. 17. Bangalore in 2011

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