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Status of the BRT Industry
 

Status of the BRT Industry

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by Dario Hidalgo, EMBARQ's Director of Research & Practice

by Dario Hidalgo, EMBARQ's Director of Research & Practice

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Status of the BRT Industry Status of the BRT Industry Presentation Transcript

  • Status of the BRT Industry
    Dario Hidalgo
    Luis Gutierrez
    Luis A. Lindau
    EMBARQ, The WRI Center for Sustainable Transport
    BRT-ALC Center of Excellence Meeting
    Washington DC, January 25, 2010
  • BRT in numbers 2010
    120 cities with BRT Systems and Bus Corridors
    280 corridors
    4,335 km
    6,683 stations
    30,000 buses
    26.8 million passengers per weekday
    1% of the world´s urban population (2010)
    1.4 times the combined population of New York and Newark (2010)
  • Rapid growth of BRT Systems and Bus Corridors in 2010, specially in developing cities
    16 cities started operations in 2010 (13% growth)
    China (4), Indonesia (4), Colombia (2), India, Thailand, Mexico, Perú, UK, Canada
    21 corridors; 396 km; 464 stations; 2,047 buses
    1.4 million passengers per weekday (5% growth)
    7 cities expanded corridors in 2010, 125 km
    49 new cities with corridors under construction
    16 cities expanding their corridors
    31 new cities in planning stages
  • Iteresting developments 2010
    Government Agencies – moving from corridors to integrated systems – e.g. Santiago, Sao Paulo, Bogota, León
    Growing Public Private Partnerships PPP for systems operation
    Increased support from the national level - programs in Mexico, Colombia, India, Indonesia, France, US
    Interest of manufacturers in BRT, new buses from India, Indonesia and China - complement the high bus production of Brasil
    Fare collection, control, user information systems technologies consolidated
  • Salient issues
    Poor understanding on what is BRT
    Institutional and financialrisks– poorcontracting, institutional set ups and fareleveldefinitionmechanisms
    “The bus industry needs a ‘wake-up’ call. The opportunities are extensive, but the industry is far too traditional (often complacent), often lacking lateral thinking and not pro-active enough.” Hensher D. “A bus-based transitway or light rail? Continuing the saga on choice versus blind commitment” Road & Transport Research, Vol 8 No 3 September 1999.
    Strongpreferencebydecisionmakersforrailalternativeswithoutadequatealternativesanalyses
    Hot debates in Curitiba, Bogotá, Quito, Lima, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Washington DC, Sydney…
  • Whatis a Bus Rapid TransitSystem?
    “Is a flexible, rubber-tired form of rapid transit that combines stations, vehicles, services, running ways and ITS elements into an integrated system with strong identity”
    TCRP Report 90 – Bus Rapid Transit – Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines 2003
    “It is a high quality public transport system, oriented to the user that offers fast, comfortable and low cost urban mobility”
    BRT Planning Guide – ITDP, 2007
    Photo: Karl Fjelstrom - ITDP
  • Whatis a Bus Rapid TransitSystem?
    Thisor (and) this?
  • Adapted fromTCRP Report 90 – Bus Rapid Transit – Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines 2003
  • About 120 cities with BRT or busways26.8 million passengers per weekday
    280 corridors
    4,335 km
    6,683 stations
    30,000 buses
  • New Cities with BRT/Bus Corridors 2010
  • Guahazhou BRT, China
    • Opened February 10, 2010
    • 22.5 km dedicated busway
    • 26 stations (prepayment, level boarding – some buses, passing lane, up to six platforms)
    • Peak supply: 340 buses/hr/direction
    • 40 routes (in and out the system, no transfers)
    • Peak demand: 26,900 passengers/hr/direction
    • Daily demand: 800,000 pax/per weekday
    Photo by Benjamin
    Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/guangzhou.aspx#
  • Hefei BRT, China
    • Operationsstarted 18 Jan 2010
    • 2 Corridors
    • 12.7 km busway (15 km total)
    • 14 stations
    • Peaksupply: 60 buses/hr
    • CommericalSpeed 16 km/h
    • Fleet: 65 buses (estimated, conventional buses 12 m)
    • Ridership: 65,250 pax/day (estimated)
    Photo: Karl Fjlestrom, ITDP
    Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/hefei.aspx#
  • Mexibús, Estado México, México
    • InitialoperationNov 30, 2010
    • 16 km exclusive busway (Ciudad Azteca-Tecamac)
    • 21 stations
    • 3 terminals
    • 130,000 pax/day (expected)
    • Proyectedexpansions 2011
    • 21 km (Lechería-Las Américas)
    • 14 km (Chinalhucán-Pantitlán)
    Photo: http://transeunte.org/tag/mexibus/
    Source: http://transporteinformativo.com/pasaje/inicia-operaciones-mexibus-con-63-autobuses-articulados-volvo
  • Jaipur Bus, Jaipur, India
    • Operations started 31 July 2010
    • Route reorganization
    • 10 routes
    • 352 line-km
    • 497 bus stops
    • 200 buses
    • 150,000 pax/day
    • Busway
    • Length 7.1 km
    • 10 stations
    • 20 buses
    • 2,000 pax/day
    • Busways plan 42 km
    Photos: http://www.jaipurjda.org/page.aspx?pid=69
    Info: EMBARQ India and http://www.jaipurbus.com/route_map.html
  • Yancheng BRT, China
    • OperationsstartedMay 1, 2010
    • 1 corridor
    • 8 km dedicatedbusway (15 km total)
    • 21 stations
    • 20 BRT buses (12 m)
    • 30 feeder buses
    • Estimatedridership 20,000 pax/day
    Photos and Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/yancheng.aspx#
  • Zaozhuang BRT, China
    • StartedOperationsAugust 1, 2010 (CommercialoperationSeptember 1, 2010)
    • 1 Corridor, 33 km
    • 24 stations
    • 2 terminals
    • 20 buses (estimated)
    • 27 buses/hour
    • 700 pax/hour/direction
    • 20,000 pax/day
    • 30 km/h commercialspeed
    Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/zaozhuang.aspx#
  • Bangkok BRT, Thailand
    • Free operationsstartedMay 15, 2010
    • CommercialoperationsstartedSeptember 1, 2010
    • 15.9 km median busway (Sathorn-Ratchaphruek)
    • 12 stations
    • 20 buses, conventionalhighfloor, 1 widedoor
    • Peakridership 1,000 pax/hr
    • Peak buses 14/hour
    • Dailyridership 10,000 pax/day
    • Fare 10 baht (USD 0.33)
    Photo and information source: http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/bangkok-brt.html
    Additionalsource: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/bangkok.aspx#
  • East London Transit, UK
    February 2010. Two Routes (EL1, EL2)
    12 buses per hour
    47 min trip time
    Approximate 20 Km, 40 stops, About 18 buses, 9,000 pax/day
    http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/2123.aspx
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_London_Transit
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/wirewiping/4382063978/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  • Corredor de Ônibus de João Pessoa, Brasil
    • Startedoperations in 2010
    • 1 corridor
    • 2.5 km
    • 5 stations
    • 111 buses
    • 100,000 passengers per weekday
    http://www.afonteenoticia.com.br/pagina.php?pg=3&id_noticia=1278
  • Transmetro, Barranquilla, Colombia
    • Opened 10 July 2010
    • 13.4 km dedicated busway
    • 15 Stations (prepayment, level boarding)
    • 1 intermediate station,
    • 1 terminal 32.7 km auxiliary corridors (62 km planned)
    • Buses:
    • 92 articulated (18m)
    • 85 large conventional (15m)
    • 107 conventional feeder (12m)
    • Daily demand
    • 32,000 pax (305,000 expected when fully implemented)
    Photo via transmetro.gov.co
    Sources: http://transmetro.gov.co/web2010/
    Ministry of Transport, Mass Transit Group, Oct 2010
  • Metrolínea, Bucaramanga, Colombia
    • Opened 21 December 2009
    • Commercialoperation 22 January 2010
    • 8.9 km trunkcorridor
    • 7.7 auxiliarycorridors (25.2 km plan.)
    • 24 stations (levelboarding, prepayment)
    • 80.1 km feederlines
    • Buses
    • 15 Articulated
    • 47 Large Conventional 15m (203 plan.)
    • 69 Conventional feeder (150 plan.)
    • Ridership: 75,000 pax/day
    Photo: http://www.metrolinea.gov.co/
    Source: Ministry of Transport, Mass Transit Group, Oct 2010
  • Metropolitano, Lima, Peru
    • Initial Operation, May 2010
    • 27 km busways, 80% with overtaking at stations
    • 35 stations, one large central underground station, two terminals
    • 308 articulated buses
    • 319 feeder buses
    • 82,000 pax/day south section (854,000 pax/day expected)
    • 21 km/hour commercial speed
    Photo: Protransporte, Lima, May 2010
    Source: Menckhoff, G., Ochoa, C., Ardila, A. “El Metropolitano de Lima: Implementación y Primeros Resultados de un Nuevo Sistema BRT” CLATPU, Octubre 2010
  • Züm, Brampton, Ontario, Canada
    • OperationsStartedSeptember 20, 2010
    • 28.5 km busway
    • 17 stations
    • 25 buses, lowfloor, 25 m
    • Twoadditionalcorridorsplannedfor 2011-2012
    Photo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Brampton_Zum_1074b.JPG
    Sources: http://www.brampton.ca/en/residents/transit/zum/Pages/welcome.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z%C3%BCm
  • Systemsexpansions 2010
    125 km 3% increase over existing km in 2009
  • Latin American Association Agencies in control of BRT and Integrated Bus Systems – ALASIBRT
  • http://www.embarq.org/en/modernizing-public-transportation
  • Filename/RPS Number
    What Went Wrong
    Common problems
    • Rushed implementation – several components incomplete
    • Very tight financial planning – non technical user fares, some systems at risk
    • Very high occupancy levels (160 pax/bus standard for articulated buses is not accepted by the users)
    • Early deterioriation of infrastructure (lack of road surface reinforcement or problems in design/construction)
    • Implementation of fare collection systems requires longer time tables and very tight supervision
    • Insufficient user education
  • Informationneedsonthe BRT Industry
    Stakeholdermaps
    Government Agencies
    Operators
    Bus providers
    Technologyproviders
    Userassociations
    NGOs
    Academia
    Marketsize and projections
    BRT and bus corridor atlas (cities, km, stations, buses, types of interventions, farerevenues, subsidies, capital and operation, issues)
    Comparativeanalysis, projections
  • Outstandingissues
    Whatis BRT ortypes of BRT
    Comparissonwithalternatives
    Case studies – technical, institutional, financial, regulatory
    Collaborations – agencies, providers, NGOs, academicinstitutions
  • ¡Muchas Gracias!