Social, Environmental and
Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid
Transit Systems!
www.embarq.org!
Dr. Anjali Mahendra, Strategy Hea...
About the report!
www.BRTdata.org!
BRTs in the world!
BRTs can suit a wide range of demand levels on
different corridor types.!
!   Passenger Demand of Different BRTs!
Performa...
Peak loads achieved depend on corridor types!
!   Peak Load (passengers per hour per direction)!
Performance of BRT!
BRT systems can be adjusted to local conditions!
!   Commercial Speed (km/h) of Select BRT Systems!
Performance of BRT!
Higher performance and demand means higher specifications and costs!
!   Capital Cost per Kilometre of Different BRTs!
Cost...
Travel Time Savings!
Impacts of BRT Systems!
Impacts of BRT Systems!
Travel Time Savings!
Emissions Reduction!
Impacts of BRT Systems!
Source: mikesbogotablog.blogspot.com!
Road Safety through driver training!
Impacts of BRT Systems!
Physical Activity!
Impacts of BRT Systems!
Land Values and Liveability!
Impacts of BRT Systems!
Source: transportblog.co.nz!
Consistent methodology used across all 4 cases!
!   EMBARQ’s Methodology!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!   Selected Cities!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
Population range – 4.5-11 million
Years – 2000-2011
Daily Ridership – 40,000 ...
!   Mexico City – Metrobús Line 3!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
Total costs of USD 158 million!
77% capital costs were for infrastructure!
!
! Metrobús Costs!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
Highest benefits were travel time savings!
! Metrobús Benefits!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!Travel time savings to public transport users is
largest benefit – a direct economic benefit!
!
! Metrobús Benefits!
Cost-Be...
14.4% Internal Rate of Return!
!
! Metrobús Cost-Benefit Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Metrobús Distributional Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
Highest benefits to lower
and middle income groups!
!
Highest c...
Based on the cost benefit analysis, social IRR
ranges from 12% in Johannesburg to 66% in Istanbul!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
...
!   Website: www.EMBARQ.org!
!   Follow us on Twitter: @EMBARQnetwork!
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! @EMBARQIndia!
! Report:!
http://emb...
Distribution of Net Benefits by income Quartile:!
Green shows highest benefit and Red lowest benefit.!
!
Cost-Benefit Evaluati...
! Additional Case Studies!
Supplement!
! Metrobüs!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Metrobüs Costs!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Metrobüs Benefits!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Metrobüs Benefits!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Metrobüs Cost-Benefit Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Metrobüs Distributional Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Metrobüs Distributional Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Transmilenio!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Transmilenio Costs!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Transmilenio Benefits!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Transmilenio Benefits!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Transmilenio Cost-Benefit Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Transmilenio Distributional Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
! Transmilenio Distributional Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!   Rea Vaya!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!   Rea Vaya Costs!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!   Rea Vaya Benefits!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!   Rea Vaya Benefits!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!   Rea Vaya Cost-Benefit Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!   Rea Vaya Distributional Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
!   Rea Vaya Distributional Analysis!
Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
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Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit Systems

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The presentation outlines the social, environmental and economic impacts of BRT systems. Dr. Anjali Mahendra, from EMBARQ India led the session on June 24, 2014 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, part of Workshop on Quantifying the Environmental, Social, and Economic Benefits from BRT Systems. The two-day workshop was organized by the Asia LEDS Partnership and hosted by the Malaysia Land Public Transport Commission (SPAD), with additional funding from the USAID and the LEDS Global Partnership Transport Working Group, and support from Clean Air Asia, EMBARQ.

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Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit Systems

  1. 1. Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit Systems! www.embarq.org! Dr. Anjali Mahendra, Strategy Head, ! Research and Practice, EMBARQ India! (http://www.embarq.org/profile/anjali-mahendra)! ! 24 June, 2014 ! ! Asia LEDS Workshop! Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia!
  2. 2. About the report!
  3. 3. www.BRTdata.org! BRTs in the world!
  4. 4. BRTs can suit a wide range of demand levels on different corridor types.! !   Passenger Demand of Different BRTs! Performance of BRT!
  5. 5. Peak loads achieved depend on corridor types! !   Peak Load (passengers per hour per direction)! Performance of BRT!
  6. 6. BRT systems can be adjusted to local conditions! !   Commercial Speed (km/h) of Select BRT Systems! Performance of BRT!
  7. 7. Higher performance and demand means higher specifications and costs! !   Capital Cost per Kilometre of Different BRTs! Costs of BRT!
  8. 8. Travel Time Savings! Impacts of BRT Systems!
  9. 9. Impacts of BRT Systems! Travel Time Savings!
  10. 10. Emissions Reduction! Impacts of BRT Systems! Source: mikesbogotablog.blogspot.com!
  11. 11. Road Safety through driver training! Impacts of BRT Systems!
  12. 12. Physical Activity! Impacts of BRT Systems!
  13. 13. Land Values and Liveability! Impacts of BRT Systems! Source: transportblog.co.nz!
  14. 14. Consistent methodology used across all 4 cases! !   EMBARQ’s Methodology! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  15. 15. !   Selected Cities! Cost-Benefit Evaluation! Population range – 4.5-11 million Years – 2000-2011 Daily Ridership – 40,000 to 1.6 million
  16. 16. !   Mexico City – Metrobús Line 3! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  17. 17. Total costs of USD 158 million! 77% capital costs were for infrastructure! ! ! Metrobús Costs! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  18. 18. Highest benefits were travel time savings! ! Metrobús Benefits! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  19. 19. !Travel time savings to public transport users is largest benefit – a direct economic benefit! ! ! Metrobús Benefits! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  20. 20. 14.4% Internal Rate of Return! ! ! Metrobús Cost-Benefit Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  21. 21. ! Metrobús Distributional Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation! Highest benefits to lower and middle income groups! ! Highest cost (tax burden to highest income groups!
  22. 22. Based on the cost benefit analysis, social IRR ranges from 12% in Johannesburg to 66% in Istanbul! Cost-Benefit Evaluation! !   Summary of Case Studies!
  23. 23. !   Website: www.EMBARQ.org! !   Follow us on Twitter: @EMBARQnetwork! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! @EMBARQIndia! ! Report:! http://embarq.org/research/publication/social- environmental-and-economic-impacts-bus-rapid-transit! !   Video:! http://embarq.org/media/video/bus-rapid-transit-social- environmental-and-economic-impacts! ! ! Thank you! Contact Anjali Mahendra at amahendra@embarqindia.org!
  24. 24. Distribution of Net Benefits by income Quartile:! Green shows highest benefit and Red lowest benefit.! ! Cost-Benefit Evaluation! !   Summary of Case Studies!
  25. 25. ! Additional Case Studies! Supplement!
  26. 26. ! Metrobüs! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  27. 27. ! Metrobüs Costs! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  28. 28. ! Metrobüs Benefits! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  29. 29. ! Metrobüs Benefits! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  30. 30. ! Metrobüs Cost-Benefit Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  31. 31. ! Metrobüs Distributional Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  32. 32. ! Metrobüs Distributional Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  33. 33. ! Transmilenio! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  34. 34. ! Transmilenio Costs! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  35. 35. ! Transmilenio Benefits! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  36. 36. ! Transmilenio Benefits! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  37. 37. ! Transmilenio Cost-Benefit Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  38. 38. ! Transmilenio Distributional Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  39. 39. ! Transmilenio Distributional Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  40. 40. !   Rea Vaya! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  41. 41. !   Rea Vaya Costs! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  42. 42. !   Rea Vaya Benefits! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  43. 43. !   Rea Vaya Benefits! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  44. 44. !   Rea Vaya Cost-Benefit Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  45. 45. !   Rea Vaya Distributional Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
  46. 46. !   Rea Vaya Distributional Analysis! Cost-Benefit Evaluation!
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