Reducing Air Pollution in China through Greener Freight!

!   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2014!
!   Robert Ea...
Reducing Air Pollution
in China through
Greener Freight
Robert Earley
Transport Program Manager
Clean Air Asia
Rob.earley@...
Diesel exhausts cause cancer

Particulate matter is killing millions
900+ µg/m3 PM2.5

3	
  
Image source: The Atlantic. H...
Diesel exhausts cause cancer

Particulate matter is killing millions
900+ µg/m3 PM2.5

30+ µg/m3
PM2.5

“Outdoor air pollu...
Poor air quality:
7 of 10 cities in developing Asia
PM10 annual average
concentrations µg/m3
>150
100-150

89	
  

50-70

...
The importance of transport
●  Vehicles	
  contribute	
  22-­‐34%	
  of	
  PM2.5	
  in	
  Chinese	
  megaci&es	
  and	
  3...
…especially diesel trucks!
Diesel trucks are just 5%
of China’s vehicle fleet
China	
  Vehicle	
  PopulaFon	
  by	
  Vehic...
Logistics Cost as Percentage of GDP
Logistics cost relative to GDP highest in developing Asia:
greater risks of fuel secur...
What is Green Freight?
•  Truck	
  and	
  fuel	
  standards	
  and	
  
technologies	
  
•  Data	
  improvements	
  for	
  ...
Green Freight Programs Across Asia
Proof of concept and confidence
building
●  Small	
   pilot	
   trucks	
   project	
   in	
   Guangzhou
	
  
2008-­‐2009	
...
Guangdong Green Freight
Demonstration Project
$14	
  million	
  –	
  1200	
  trucks	
  
	
  

• Long-­‐term	
  goal:	
  Re...
Green Freight in China

Guangdong Province
Ministry of Transport
Ministry of Environment
Draft Green Freight China Standards
2013	
  China	
  Green	
  Freight	
  IniFaFve	
  
● 	
   Drab	
  Standards	
  Released...
Founding Members:

Newest Members:
By awarding contracts to “Green Freight Labeled”
carriers, a manufacturer receives Green Freight
labels for its products

...
GPS, GIS and Mobile Data for Freight	
• 

Fleets and governments
are starting to use
sophisticated tracking
and control sy...
Coming: Port and logistics data platforms
Marine
Shippers

Airlines

Railroads

Trucks

C
a
r
r
i
e
r
s

Financial organiz...
Linking Green Freight Cities
Conclusions
●  Freight	
  is	
  a	
  huge	
  issue	
  for	
  air	
  pollu&on	
  and	
  
climate	
  change	
  in	
  Asia	
 ...
For	
  more	
  informaFon:	
  www.cleanairasia.org	
  
For	
  more	
  informa&on:	
  www.cleanairasia.org	
  

	
  

	
  
...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Reducing the impact of transportation on air pollution in China through freight and logistics - Robert Earley - Clean Air Asia

2,106 views
1,580 views

Published on

Reducing the impact of transportation on air pollution in China through freight and logistics - Robert Earley - Clean Air Asia

Published in: Automotive, Business, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,106
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
89
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
33
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Reducing the impact of transportation on air pollution in China through freight and logistics - Robert Earley - Clean Air Asia

  1. 1. Reducing Air Pollution in China through Greener Freight! !   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2014! !   Robert Earley! !   Transport Program Manager, Clean Air Asia! Transforming Transportation 2014!
  2. 2. Reducing Air Pollution in China through Greener Freight Robert Earley Transport Program Manager Clean Air Asia Rob.earley@cleanairasia.org 17 January 2014 Transforming Transportation Washington D.C.
  3. 3. Diesel exhausts cause cancer Particulate matter is killing millions 900+ µg/m3 PM2.5 3   Image source: The Atlantic. HTTP://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2013/01/chinas-toxic-sky/100449
  4. 4. Diesel exhausts cause cancer Particulate matter is killing millions 900+ µg/m3 PM2.5 30+ µg/m3 PM2.5 “Outdoor air pollution ranked 4th in mortality and health burden in East Asia (China and North Korea) where it contributed to 1.2 million deaths in 2010” --Health Effects Institute, Based on Global Burden of Disease Report 4   Image source: The Atlantic. HTTP://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2013/01/chinas-toxic-sky/100449
  5. 5. Poor air quality: 7 of 10 cities in developing Asia PM10 annual average concentrations µg/m3 >150 100-150 89   50-70 36   30-50 <20 Ci&es  developed  Asia   58   70-100 20-30 Ci&es  developing  Asia   26   31   5   9   6   19   WHO Interim Target 1 70 µg/m3 20   WHO Air Quality Guideline 10   20 µg/m3 Compiled by Clean Air Asia from multiple sources
  6. 6. The importance of transport ●  Vehicles  contribute  22-­‐34%  of  PM2.5  in  Chinese  megaci&es  and  30%  of   NOx  in  China,  but:   •  Actual  impacts  much  higher  when  considering  secondary  polluFon   •  Roadside  exposure  much  higher  in  dense  urban  areas   Biomass   Beijing  PM  2.5  Sources   burning   4%   Industrial   VOCs   16%   Trans-­‐ boundary   Pollu&on   25%   Road  dust   16%   Shanghai  PM2.5  sources   Industrial   Processes   15%   Construc&on   and  road   dust   10%   Power   produc&on   Vehicles   and   22%   industrial   boilers   Source: Chinese Academy of Sciences, Michael Walsh 21%   Coal   Combus&on   (power  plant   and  other)   17%   Other   9%   Trans-­‐ boundary   20%   Vehicles   25%  
  7. 7. …especially diesel trucks! Diesel trucks are just 5% of China’s vehicle fleet China  Vehicle  PopulaFon  by  Vehicle  Type   Medium  duty   freight   Large   3%   passenger   1%   Heavy  duty   freight   5%   Micro   passenger   4%   Micro  freight   0%   Mid-­‐size   passenger   2%   Light  duty   freight   11%   But they emit 61% of all vehicular particulate matter (79% with buses) Source  of  PM  Emission  by  Vehicle  Type   Light  duty   freight   9%   Medium  duty   freight   8%   Large   passenger   18%   Small   passenger   74%   Micro  freight   0%   Mid-­‐size   passenger   1%   Small   passenger   3%   Heavy  duty   freight   61%   Source: MEP, A.C Kerney, 2011 Diesel exhausts cause cancer World Health Organization International Agency for Research on Cancer (WHO-IARC) and climate change June 2012
  8. 8. Logistics Cost as Percentage of GDP Logistics cost relative to GDP highest in developing Asia: greater risks of fuel security and prices 24.0% 7.2% 8.3% EU US 9.0% Japan Source: GFAN Study Macro economical indicators, 2013 12.5% Korea, 14.2% India 17.8% China Indonesia 8  
  9. 9. What is Green Freight? •  Truck  and  fuel  standards  and   technologies   •  Data  improvements  for  logis&cs   efficiency   •  Na&onal  government  policies,  incen&ves   and  recogni&on  programs   •  Finance  accessibility  for  truck  and  fleet   upgrades   •  Intense  private  sector  par&cipa&on  by   carriers  as  well  as  shippers  
  10. 10. Green Freight Programs Across Asia
  11. 11. Proof of concept and confidence building ●  Small   pilot   trucks   project   in   Guangzhou   2008-­‐2009   •  R e q u e s t e d   b y   l o c a l   g o v e r n m e n t   f o r   environmental  concerns   •  Tire  and  aerodynamics  technologies  tested  on  14   trucks  in  three  truck  fleets     Truck  Type   Long  Haul   Short  Haul   Short  Haul   Low  Resistance  Tires,   Tire  Pressure   Low  Resistance  Tires,   Low  Resistance  Tires,   Technologies   Monitoring  System  ,   Tire  Pressure   Tire  Pressure   Tested   Aluminium  Rims,  Gap   Monitoring  System   Monitoring  System   Fairing,  Nosecone,   Trailer  Skirts   Actual  Saving   (%)   6.70%   1.80%   18.50%   Payback  Year   2.74   3.97   0.65   11  
  12. 12. Guangdong Green Freight Demonstration Project $14  million  –  1200  trucks     • Long-­‐term  goal:  Reduce  the  road  freight  emission  in   Guangdong  by  10%     • Avoid  38,650  tons  using  green  freight  truck  technology   • Avoid  55,270  tons  through  “drop  and  hook  logisFcs”   project   • Avoid  72,069  tons  through  logisFcs  brokerage   • The  total  fuel  savings  amount  to  approx  64  million   liters  of  Diesel   12  
  13. 13. Green Freight in China Guangdong Province Ministry of Transport Ministry of Environment
  14. 14. Draft Green Freight China Standards 2013  China  Green  Freight  IniFaFve   ●    Drab  Standards  Released   CGFI  Green  Freight  Vehicle  Standard   •  •  •  •  Fuel  economy  requirements   Emission  standard  requirements   Loading  mass  uFlity  factor  standard   Energy  saving  technology   installa&on  and  use  (based  on  MoT   catalogue  of  clean  technologies  for   trucks)   CGFI  Green  Freight  Enterprise  Standard     Size  and  reliability  of  fleet   Dispatch  efficiency   RaFo  of  drop-­‐and-­‐hook  business   Progress  towards  ‘modern’  logisFcs   Fleet-­‐wide  fuel  consumpFon   Use  of  navigaFon  equipment,  recommended   truck  models  and  recommended  technologies   •  Etc.   •  •  •  •  •  •  http://cleanairinitiative.org/portal/node/11905
  15. 15. Founding Members: Newest Members:
  16. 16. By awarding contracts to “Green Freight Labeled” carriers, a manufacturer receives Green Freight labels for its products Consumers, investors, insurance companies, etc. can make informed product decisions More effort, more leaves: AFT F DR ewor ram k
  17. 17. GPS, GIS and Mobile Data for Freight •  Fleets and governments are starting to use sophisticated tracking and control systems for trucks •  Over 20,000 trucks are monitored in the Yangtze River Delta Region
  18. 18. Coming: Port and logistics data platforms Marine Shippers Airlines Railroads Trucks C a r r i e r s Financial organizations Inspection Other Int’l Platforms Platform Ports Warehouses Regional Info. Platforms Shippers Yards etc. Freight Forwarders Supply Chain Players  Manufacturers How can complex monitoring systems optimize multimodal logistics, Customs clearance and at the same time reduce emissions?
  19. 19. Linking Green Freight Cities
  20. 20. Conclusions ●  Freight  is  a  huge  issue  for  air  pollu&on  and   climate  change  in  Asia   •  It  is  also  a  significant  economic  issue   ●  Asian  governments  are  eager  to  make  green   freight  work  –  but  need  support   ●  Green  Freight  needs  to  work  for  the  private   sector  –  policy  is  not  enough  
  21. 21. For  more  informaFon:  www.cleanairasia.org   For  more  informa&on:  www.cleanairasia.org             Clean  Air  Asia  China  Office   Clean  Air  Asia  India  Office       china@cleanairasia.org   india@cleanairasia.org   901A  Reignwood  Building,     1st  Floor,  Building  No.  4   No.  8  YongAnDongLi     Thyagraj  Nagar  Market,    Lodhi  Colony     Jianguomenwai  Avenue  Beijing     New  Delhi  110003     China   India     Clean  Air  Asia  Center     center@cleanairasia.org   Unit  3505  Robinsons  Equitable  Tower   ADB  Avenue,  Pasig  City   Metro  Manila  1605   Philippines   . .   Clean  Air  Asia  Country  Networks   . . . . . China    India    Indonesia    Nepal    Pakistan    Philippines    Sri  Lanka    Vietnam   Clean  Air  Asia     Center  Members     •  Shell   •  Asia  Clean  Fuels   Associa&on   •  Corning   245  Clean  Air  Asia     Partnership  Members   Donors  in  2012  to  2013   Asian   Development   Bank   l   Ci&es   Development   Ini&a&ve   for   Asia   l   ClimateWorks   Founda&on   •  Ci&es   l   DHL/IKEA/UPS   l   Energy   Founda&on   l   Fredskorpset   Norway   l   Fu   Tak   Iam   Founda&on   l   •  Environment  ministries  and  government   German   Interna&onal   Coopera&on   (GIZ)   l     Ins&tute   for   Global   Environmental   Strategies   (IGES)  l  Ins&tute  for  Transport  Policy  Studies  l  Ins&tute  for  Transporta&on  and  Development   agencies   •  Development  agencies  and  founda&ons   Policy   l   Interna&onal   Union   for   Conserva&on   of   Nature   l   L'Agence   Française   de   Développement   (AFD)   l   MAHA   l   Pilipinas   Shell   l   Rockefeller   Brothers   Fund   l   Shak&   •  Non-­‐government  organiza&ons   Founda&on  l    Shell  Founda&on  l  United  Na&ons  Environment  Program  Partnership  for  Clean   •  Academic  and  research  ins&tu&ons   •  Private  sector  companies  and  associa&ons   Fuels  and  Vehicles  (UNEP  PCFV)  l  USAID  CEnergy  l  Veolia  l  World  Bank   21  

×