Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector
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Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector



By Ned Helme. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

By Ned Helme. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.



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  • I moved the title down a bit and subscripted the 2 in CO2 in the bullet point. Can we make the numbers darker in the dark blue hashed areas? They are a bit hard to read.

Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector Ned Helme, President Center for Clean Air Policy ******* Transforming Transportation 2010 Next Steps After Copenhagen: Opportunities and Challenges in the Transport Sector Inter-American Development Bank January 15, 2010
  • 3. How is Transportation Different from Other High-Emitting Sectors?
    • CO 2 benefits of mitigation measures tend to be long-term and grow over time
      • Transformational opportunities are prevalent
    • Significant sustainable development co-benefits
    • Emissions baselines and CO 2 reductions are less certain and more difficult to estimate
      • Vehicle fuel efficiency, alternative fuels may be exceptions
    • Some combinations of measures are synergistic
    • All three “legs of the stool” impact emissions
      • Vehicles, fuels and VKT
  • 4. Implications for Transportation Mitigation
    • Transportation measures cannot compete with mitigation measures from other sectors in terms of $/tonne
      • CDM illustrates these difficulties
    • NAMAs provide a new opportunity for developing countries to obtain up-front climate funding for transportation mitigation, to achieve low-carbon growth for this sector, and to capture sustainable development benefits
  • 5. NAMAs Background
    • International debate centers on three types of NAMAs:
      • Unilateral
      • Supported
      • Credit-generating
    • Goal of unilateral and supported NAMAs is to produce developing country emissions reductions that are not offsets – DCs’ contribution to climate protection
  • 6. NAMAs and Transportation
    • Unilateral NAMAs:
      • Many measures can have low or negative cost:
        • reductions in fuel subsidies, differential vehicle taxes, abolition of minimum parking requirements, congestion pricing
    • Supported NAMAs:
      • These are the most promising.
    • Credit-generating NAMAs:
      • Likely to face similar problems to transport under the CDM
        • Additionality-related and Methodological (quantification, baselines)
  • 7. Supported Transportation NAMAs Types of Measures Planning and Research (Capacity Building) Regulation and Policy (Primarily Capacity Building) Infrastructure (Finance, technology) Vehicles and Fuels
    • Fuel economy test procedures
    • Fuel economy standards
    • Alternative-fuel infrastructure
    • Retooling factories
    Land-Use and Infrastructure
    • Planning and outreach
    • Travel demand modeling
    • Congestion pricing
    • Smart growth
    • Abolish parking requirements
    • Bus Rapid Transit
    • Bicycle networks
    • Transit-oriented development
    • Data collection
    • Professional development
    • Low-Carbon Transportation Plans
    • Fuel taxation
    • Removal of fuel subsidies
  • 8. Example of a Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
    • Phase I (through 2020) expects 2 million tonnes in CO 2 reductions per year after completion:
      • Five new BRT corridors
      • Switching taxis to compressed natural gas
      • Comprehensive bikeway network
      • Transit-oriented development along BRT corridors
      • Reduction in fuel subsidies nationwide
      • Cancelling a ring-road project
    • Two options for supporting the Plan:
      • Full Plan – $200 million for 3 BRT corridors with all other measures pledged unilaterally
      • Smaller bundles – e.g. support for two BRT corridors would be bundled with unilateral pledge for associated TOD in these two corridors
  • 9. Summary of Key Recommendations
    • Develop Low Carbon Transportation Plans
    • Create a Transportation Window within the Copenhagen Green Climate Fund with dedicated funding and evaluation criteria
    • Earmark funding for planning and capacity-building
    • Fund the best bundles of projects and policies that produce synergies and encourage the adoption of unilateral NAMAs
    • Accept uncertainty
  • 10. Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
    • Framework to guide a comprehensive package of mitigation measures
      • Locally defined so as to address development and quality-of-life concerns of developing countries (DCs)
      • Includes short-term and long-term measures/impacts
      • Assesses costs and SD co-benefits
      • Identifies key implementation steps
    • Two types of components to a Plan:
      • National plan
      • Plans for metropolitan regions
    • NAMA assistance would support Plan development for all DCs and implementation for selected DCs
    • Only measures in a Plan would be eligible for support
  • 11. Transportation Window for Funding Supported NAMAs
    • For approved plans, CCAP proposes a direct-access Transportation Window with funds earmarked for:
      • Planning and capacity building
      • Implementation of Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
    • Creating a separate window for transportation insures funding for transport and avoids having to compete with electricity, industrial and forestry NAMAs
    • Clean Development Mechanism funding focused principally on short term CO2 cost per ton and ignored transformational, sustainable development and long term CO2 benefits
  • 12. Proposed Transportation Window Funding Allocation Criteria
    • Comprehensiveness and quality of Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
    • Implementation capacity
      • assesses likelihood of success of Plan
    • Co-benefits expected (health, development)
    • Cost-sharing (taking capability into account)
    • Long-term CO 2 reductions and cost-effectiveness of NAMA bundles
    • Bundling of NAMAs
      • prefer large unilateral effort and synergies
  • 13. Conclusions
    • Supported NAMAs are the most promising NAMA mechanism for the transportation sector
    • Large SD co-benefits from emission reductions
    • Low-Carbon Transportation Plans can catalyze both emissions reductions and development
    • Dedicated transportation funding window is needed
    Photos: Right (Planetizen), Left ( )
  • 14. Thank you!
    • For More Information:
    • Visit
    • White paper is being released today:
    • Transportation NAMAs: A Proposed Framework