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Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector
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Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector


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By Ned Helme. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

By Ned Helme. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

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  • I moved the title down a bit and subscripted the 2 in CO2 in the bullet point. Can we make the numbers darker in the dark blue hashed areas? They are a bit hard to read.
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    • 1.  
    • 2. Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector Ned Helme, President Center for Clean Air Policy ******* Transforming Transportation 2010 Next Steps After Copenhagen: Opportunities and Challenges in the Transport Sector Inter-American Development Bank January 15, 2010
    • 3. How is Transportation Different from Other High-Emitting Sectors?
      • CO 2 benefits of mitigation measures tend to be long-term and grow over time
        • Transformational opportunities are prevalent
      • Significant sustainable development co-benefits
      • Emissions baselines and CO 2 reductions are less certain and more difficult to estimate
        • Vehicle fuel efficiency, alternative fuels may be exceptions
      • Some combinations of measures are synergistic
      • All three “legs of the stool” impact emissions
        • Vehicles, fuels and VKT
    • 4. Implications for Transportation Mitigation
      • Transportation measures cannot compete with mitigation measures from other sectors in terms of $/tonne
        • CDM illustrates these difficulties
      • NAMAs provide a new opportunity for developing countries to obtain up-front climate funding for transportation mitigation, to achieve low-carbon growth for this sector, and to capture sustainable development benefits
    • 5. NAMAs Background
      • International debate centers on three types of NAMAs:
        • Unilateral
        • Supported
        • Credit-generating
      • Goal of unilateral and supported NAMAs is to produce developing country emissions reductions that are not offsets – DCs’ contribution to climate protection
    • 6. NAMAs and Transportation
      • Unilateral NAMAs:
        • Many measures can have low or negative cost:
          • reductions in fuel subsidies, differential vehicle taxes, abolition of minimum parking requirements, congestion pricing
      • Supported NAMAs:
        • These are the most promising.
      • Credit-generating NAMAs:
        • Likely to face similar problems to transport under the CDM
          • Additionality-related and Methodological (quantification, baselines)
    • 7. Supported Transportation NAMAs Types of Measures Planning and Research (Capacity Building) Regulation and Policy (Primarily Capacity Building) Infrastructure (Finance, technology) Vehicles and Fuels
      • Fuel economy test procedures
      • Fuel economy standards
      • Alternative-fuel infrastructure
      • Retooling factories
      Land-Use and Infrastructure
      • Planning and outreach
      • Travel demand modeling
      • Congestion pricing
      • Smart growth
      • Abolish parking requirements
      • Bus Rapid Transit
      • Bicycle networks
      • Transit-oriented development
      • Data collection
      • Professional development
      • Low-Carbon Transportation Plans
      • Fuel taxation
      • Removal of fuel subsidies
    • 8. Example of a Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
      • Phase I (through 2020) expects 2 million tonnes in CO 2 reductions per year after completion:
        • Five new BRT corridors
        • Switching taxis to compressed natural gas
        • Comprehensive bikeway network
        • Transit-oriented development along BRT corridors
        • Reduction in fuel subsidies nationwide
        • Cancelling a ring-road project
      • Two options for supporting the Plan:
        • Full Plan – $200 million for 3 BRT corridors with all other measures pledged unilaterally
        • Smaller bundles – e.g. support for two BRT corridors would be bundled with unilateral pledge for associated TOD in these two corridors
    • 9. Summary of Key Recommendations
      • Develop Low Carbon Transportation Plans
      • Create a Transportation Window within the Copenhagen Green Climate Fund with dedicated funding and evaluation criteria
      • Earmark funding for planning and capacity-building
      • Fund the best bundles of projects and policies that produce synergies and encourage the adoption of unilateral NAMAs
      • Accept uncertainty
    • 10. Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
      • Framework to guide a comprehensive package of mitigation measures
        • Locally defined so as to address development and quality-of-life concerns of developing countries (DCs)
        • Includes short-term and long-term measures/impacts
        • Assesses costs and SD co-benefits
        • Identifies key implementation steps
      • Two types of components to a Plan:
        • National plan
        • Plans for metropolitan regions
      • NAMA assistance would support Plan development for all DCs and implementation for selected DCs
      • Only measures in a Plan would be eligible for support
    • 11. Transportation Window for Funding Supported NAMAs
      • For approved plans, CCAP proposes a direct-access Transportation Window with funds earmarked for:
        • Planning and capacity building
        • Implementation of Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
      • Creating a separate window for transportation insures funding for transport and avoids having to compete with electricity, industrial and forestry NAMAs
      • Clean Development Mechanism funding focused principally on short term CO2 cost per ton and ignored transformational, sustainable development and long term CO2 benefits
    • 12. Proposed Transportation Window Funding Allocation Criteria
      • Comprehensiveness and quality of Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
      • Implementation capacity
        • assesses likelihood of success of Plan
      • Co-benefits expected (health, development)
      • Cost-sharing (taking capability into account)
      • Long-term CO 2 reductions and cost-effectiveness of NAMA bundles
      • Bundling of NAMAs
        • prefer large unilateral effort and synergies
    • 13. Conclusions
      • Supported NAMAs are the most promising NAMA mechanism for the transportation sector
      • Large SD co-benefits from emission reductions
      • Low-Carbon Transportation Plans can catalyze both emissions reductions and development
      • Dedicated transportation funding window is needed
      Photos: Right (Planetizen), Left ( )
    • 14. Thank you!
      • For More Information:
      • Visit
      • White paper is being released today:
      • Transportation NAMAs: A Proposed Framework