Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector
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Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector

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By Ned Helme. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

By Ned Helme. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

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  • I moved the title down a bit and subscripted the 2 in CO2 in the bullet point. Can we make the numbers darker in the dark blue hashed areas? They are a bit hard to read.

Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector Ned Helme, President Center for Clean Air Policy ******* Transforming Transportation 2010 Next Steps After Copenhagen: Opportunities and Challenges in the Transport Sector Inter-American Development Bank January 15, 2010
  • 3. How is Transportation Different from Other High-Emitting Sectors?
    • CO 2 benefits of mitigation measures tend to be long-term and grow over time
      • Transformational opportunities are prevalent
    • Significant sustainable development co-benefits
    • Emissions baselines and CO 2 reductions are less certain and more difficult to estimate
      • Vehicle fuel efficiency, alternative fuels may be exceptions
    • Some combinations of measures are synergistic
    • All three “legs of the stool” impact emissions
      • Vehicles, fuels and VKT
  • 4. Implications for Transportation Mitigation
    • Transportation measures cannot compete with mitigation measures from other sectors in terms of $/tonne
      • CDM illustrates these difficulties
    • NAMAs provide a new opportunity for developing countries to obtain up-front climate funding for transportation mitigation, to achieve low-carbon growth for this sector, and to capture sustainable development benefits
  • 5. NAMAs Background
    • International debate centers on three types of NAMAs:
      • Unilateral
      • Supported
      • Credit-generating
    • Goal of unilateral and supported NAMAs is to produce developing country emissions reductions that are not offsets – DCs’ contribution to climate protection
  • 6. NAMAs and Transportation
    • Unilateral NAMAs:
      • Many measures can have low or negative cost:
        • reductions in fuel subsidies, differential vehicle taxes, abolition of minimum parking requirements, congestion pricing
    • Supported NAMAs:
      • These are the most promising.
    • Credit-generating NAMAs:
      • Likely to face similar problems to transport under the CDM
        • Additionality-related and Methodological (quantification, baselines)
  • 7. Supported Transportation NAMAs Types of Measures Planning and Research (Capacity Building) Regulation and Policy (Primarily Capacity Building) Infrastructure (Finance, technology) Vehicles and Fuels
    • Fuel economy test procedures
    • Fuel economy standards
    • Alternative-fuel infrastructure
    • Retooling factories
    Land-Use and Infrastructure
    • Planning and outreach
    • Travel demand modeling
    • Congestion pricing
    • Smart growth
    • Abolish parking requirements
    • Bus Rapid Transit
    • Bicycle networks
    • Transit-oriented development
    Cross-Cutting
    • Data collection
    • Professional development
    • Low-Carbon Transportation Plans
    • Fuel taxation
    • Removal of fuel subsidies
  • 8. Example of a Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
    • Phase I (through 2020) expects 2 million tonnes in CO 2 reductions per year after completion:
      • Five new BRT corridors
      • Switching taxis to compressed natural gas
      • Comprehensive bikeway network
      • Transit-oriented development along BRT corridors
      • Reduction in fuel subsidies nationwide
      • Cancelling a ring-road project
    • Two options for supporting the Plan:
      • Full Plan – $200 million for 3 BRT corridors with all other measures pledged unilaterally
      • Smaller bundles – e.g. support for two BRT corridors would be bundled with unilateral pledge for associated TOD in these two corridors
  • 9. Summary of Key Recommendations
    • Develop Low Carbon Transportation Plans
    • Create a Transportation Window within the Copenhagen Green Climate Fund with dedicated funding and evaluation criteria
    • Earmark funding for planning and capacity-building
    • Fund the best bundles of projects and policies that produce synergies and encourage the adoption of unilateral NAMAs
    • Accept uncertainty
  • 10. Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
    • Framework to guide a comprehensive package of mitigation measures
      • Locally defined so as to address development and quality-of-life concerns of developing countries (DCs)
      • Includes short-term and long-term measures/impacts
      • Assesses costs and SD co-benefits
      • Identifies key implementation steps
    • Two types of components to a Plan:
      • National plan
      • Plans for metropolitan regions
    • NAMA assistance would support Plan development for all DCs and implementation for selected DCs
    • Only measures in a Plan would be eligible for support
  • 11. Transportation Window for Funding Supported NAMAs
    • For approved plans, CCAP proposes a direct-access Transportation Window with funds earmarked for:
      • Planning and capacity building
      • Implementation of Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
    • Creating a separate window for transportation insures funding for transport and avoids having to compete with electricity, industrial and forestry NAMAs
    • Clean Development Mechanism funding focused principally on short term CO2 cost per ton and ignored transformational, sustainable development and long term CO2 benefits
  • 12. Proposed Transportation Window Funding Allocation Criteria
    • Comprehensiveness and quality of Low-Carbon Transportation Plan
    • Implementation capacity
      • assesses likelihood of success of Plan
    • Co-benefits expected (health, development)
    • Cost-sharing (taking capability into account)
    • Long-term CO 2 reductions and cost-effectiveness of NAMA bundles
    • Bundling of NAMAs
      • prefer large unilateral effort and synergies
  • 13. Conclusions
    • Supported NAMAs are the most promising NAMA mechanism for the transportation sector
    • Large SD co-benefits from emission reductions
    • Low-Carbon Transportation Plans can catalyze both emissions reductions and development
    • Dedicated transportation funding window is needed
    Photos: Right (Planetizen), Left (www.oregonlive.com )
  • 14. Thank you!
    • For More Information:
    • Visit www.ccap.org
    • White paper is being released today:
    • Transportation NAMAs: A Proposed Framework