Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector Ned Helme, President Center for Clea...
How is Transportation Different from Other High-Emitting Sectors? <ul><li>CO 2   benefits of mitigation measures tend to b...
Implications for Transportation Mitigation <ul><li>Transportation measures cannot compete with mitigation measures from ot...
NAMAs Background  <ul><li>International debate centers on three types of NAMAs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unilateral </li></ul...
NAMAs and Transportation <ul><li>Unilateral NAMAs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many measures can have low or negative cost: </li...
Supported Transportation NAMAs Types of Measures Planning and Research (Capacity Building) Regulation and Policy (Primaril...
Example of a Low-Carbon Transportation Plan <ul><li>Phase I (through 2020) expects 2 million tonnes in CO 2  reductions pe...
Summary of Key Recommendations <ul><li>Develop Low Carbon Transportation Plans  </li></ul><ul><li>Create a Transportation ...
Low-Carbon Transportation Plan <ul><li>Framework to guide a comprehensive package of mitigation measures </li></ul><ul><ul...
Transportation Window for Funding Supported NAMAs <ul><li>For approved plans, CCAP proposes a direct-access Transportation...
Proposed Transportation Window Funding Allocation Criteria <ul><li>Comprehensiveness and quality of Low-Carbon Transportat...
Conclusions <ul><li>Supported NAMAs are the most promising NAMA mechanism for the transportation sector </li></ul><ul><li>...
Thank you! <ul><li>For More Information: </li></ul><ul><li>Visit  www.ccap.org </li></ul><ul><li>White paper is being rele...
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Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector

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By Ned Helme. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

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  • I moved the title down a bit and subscripted the 2 in CO2 in the bullet point. Can we make the numbers darker in the dark blue hashed areas? They are a bit hard to read.
  • Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector

    1. 2. Recommendations on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for the Transport Sector Ned Helme, President Center for Clean Air Policy ******* Transforming Transportation 2010 Next Steps After Copenhagen: Opportunities and Challenges in the Transport Sector Inter-American Development Bank January 15, 2010
    2. 3. How is Transportation Different from Other High-Emitting Sectors? <ul><li>CO 2 benefits of mitigation measures tend to be long-term and grow over time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transformational opportunities are prevalent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Significant sustainable development co-benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions baselines and CO 2 reductions are less certain and more difficult to estimate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle fuel efficiency, alternative fuels may be exceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some combinations of measures are synergistic </li></ul><ul><li>All three “legs of the stool” impact emissions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicles, fuels and VKT </li></ul></ul>
    3. 4. Implications for Transportation Mitigation <ul><li>Transportation measures cannot compete with mitigation measures from other sectors in terms of $/tonne </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CDM illustrates these difficulties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NAMAs provide a new opportunity for developing countries to obtain up-front climate funding for transportation mitigation, to achieve low-carbon growth for this sector, and to capture sustainable development benefits </li></ul>
    4. 5. NAMAs Background <ul><li>International debate centers on three types of NAMAs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unilateral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit-generating </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goal of unilateral and supported NAMAs is to produce developing country emissions reductions that are not offsets – DCs’ contribution to climate protection </li></ul>
    5. 6. NAMAs and Transportation <ul><li>Unilateral NAMAs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many measures can have low or negative cost: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reductions in fuel subsidies, differential vehicle taxes, abolition of minimum parking requirements, congestion pricing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Supported NAMAs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These are the most promising. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Credit-generating NAMAs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Likely to face similar problems to transport under the CDM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additionality-related and Methodological (quantification, baselines) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Supported Transportation NAMAs Types of Measures Planning and Research (Capacity Building) Regulation and Policy (Primarily Capacity Building) Infrastructure (Finance, technology) Vehicles and Fuels <ul><li>Fuel economy test procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel economy standards </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative-fuel infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Retooling factories </li></ul>Land-Use and Infrastructure <ul><li>Planning and outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Travel demand modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Smart growth </li></ul><ul><li>Abolish parking requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Bus Rapid Transit </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle networks </li></ul><ul><li>Transit-oriented development </li></ul>Cross-Cutting <ul><li>Data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development </li></ul><ul><li>Low-Carbon Transportation Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel taxation </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of fuel subsidies </li></ul>
    7. 8. Example of a Low-Carbon Transportation Plan <ul><li>Phase I (through 2020) expects 2 million tonnes in CO 2 reductions per year after completion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Five new BRT corridors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switching taxis to compressed natural gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive bikeway network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transit-oriented development along BRT corridors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction in fuel subsidies nationwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancelling a ring-road project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two options for supporting the Plan: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Plan – $200 million for 3 BRT corridors with all other measures pledged unilaterally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller bundles – e.g. support for two BRT corridors would be bundled with unilateral pledge for associated TOD in these two corridors </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Summary of Key Recommendations <ul><li>Develop Low Carbon Transportation Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Create a Transportation Window within the Copenhagen Green Climate Fund with dedicated funding and evaluation criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Earmark funding for planning and capacity-building </li></ul><ul><li>Fund the best bundles of projects and policies that produce synergies and encourage the adoption of unilateral NAMAs </li></ul><ul><li>Accept uncertainty </li></ul>
    9. 10. Low-Carbon Transportation Plan <ul><li>Framework to guide a comprehensive package of mitigation measures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Locally defined so as to address development and quality-of-life concerns of developing countries (DCs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes short-term and long-term measures/impacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assesses costs and SD co-benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifies key implementation steps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two types of components to a Plan: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plans for metropolitan regions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NAMA assistance would support Plan development for all DCs and implementation for selected DCs </li></ul><ul><li>Only measures in a Plan would be eligible for support </li></ul>
    10. 11. Transportation Window for Funding Supported NAMAs <ul><li>For approved plans, CCAP proposes a direct-access Transportation Window with funds earmarked for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning and capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of Low-Carbon Transportation Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating a separate window for transportation insures funding for transport and avoids having to compete with electricity, industrial and forestry NAMAs </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Development Mechanism funding focused principally on short term CO2 cost per ton and ignored transformational, sustainable development and long term CO2 benefits </li></ul>
    11. 12. Proposed Transportation Window Funding Allocation Criteria <ul><li>Comprehensiveness and quality of Low-Carbon Transportation Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation capacity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assesses likelihood of success of Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Co-benefits expected (health, development) </li></ul><ul><li>Cost-sharing (taking capability into account) </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term CO 2 reductions and cost-effectiveness of NAMA bundles </li></ul><ul><li>Bundling of NAMAs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prefer large unilateral effort and synergies </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Conclusions <ul><li>Supported NAMAs are the most promising NAMA mechanism for the transportation sector </li></ul><ul><li>Large SD co-benefits from emission reductions </li></ul><ul><li>Low-Carbon Transportation Plans can catalyze both emissions reductions and development </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated transportation funding window is needed </li></ul>Photos: Right (Planetizen), Left (www.oregonlive.com )
    13. 14. Thank you! <ul><li>For More Information: </li></ul><ul><li>Visit www.ccap.org </li></ul><ul><li>White paper is being released today: </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation NAMAs: A Proposed Framework </li></ul>
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