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Urban & Regional Planning - Issues & Challenges
 

Urban & Regional Planning - Issues & Challenges

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    Urban & Regional Planning - Issues & Challenges Urban & Regional Planning - Issues & Challenges Presentation Transcript

    • Urban and Regional Planning: Issues & Challenges S. B. Honnur, Director of Town & Country Planning, Government of Karnataka
    • Planning scenario Planning practices in the country indicates that planning objectives, policies and strategies at national level are basically formalised in the Five Year Plans which are economic and social in nature  According to Item 20 of Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India the Concurrent List in the, social and economic planning is a joint responsibility of the Central and State governments.  However, land being a State subject, the role of the State Government becomes more pronounced in the implementation process.
    • PROCESS OF URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING • Preparation of State Perspective Plan • District Development Plan / Metropolitan Region Development Plan • Master Plan • Schemes / Annual Plans
    • Contents of Perspective Plan • Eco sensitive zones of the state • Boundaries of all the urban and rural settlements of the state • Mapping of transport and communication networks • Mapping of natural features • Industrial, mining and related area • Disaster Zoning
    • Contents of Regional Plan • Physical setting, settlement pattern • Infrastructure resources • Transport • Environment and sustainability • Regional Policy and development strategy • Regional Land use • Disaster Management Plan • Implementation Strategies and Management Structure
    • INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES Planning function is a continuous process and the Planning Department’s work continues from: plan preparation to plan processing, plan enforcement, plan implementation, plan detailing, plan review and then plan formulation and so on. The plan formulation, implementation, monitoring and review exercises must be statutorily prescribed in the State Acts and completed within the specified time- frame and schedule. In the context of these requirements institutional set-up has a vital role.
    • Amendment to the Act • The Karnataka Town & Country Planning Act, 1961 needs to be revamped as per the 74th Constitutional Amendment as the Karnataka Urban and Regional Planning Act. • The Model Urban and Regional Planning Act prepared by TCPO may be the basis for bringing amendment to the State Town Planning Act
    • INSTITUTIONS IN THE RESTRUCTURED PLANNING PROCESS • State Urban and Regional Planning Board • Metropolitan Development Committees • District Development Committees • Urban Local Bodies
    • Need of a Renewed Planning System: Major Issues • Urban development issues specially in newly formed states and backward areas • Need for planning system uniformity in the country • Problems in planning practices and requirement of coordinated working between Departments/Authorities • Issues in implementation of plans and projects by the States/ UT’s in legal, funding and decision making aspects, • Issues related to promoting rapid urbanisation and climate change
    • Need of a Renewed Planning System Major Issues • Lack of focus on economic aspects of plan implementation / budgeting while preparing land use development plans etc. • Need for inclusive Planning, people participation and planning for the urban poor, • Integration of Peri-urban areas in the planning process, • SEZ’s or industrial development’s impact on spatial and urban development especially when their location is near to large cities. • CRZ policy and Coastal management in case of coastal cities. • Special issues in urban development in hill states. • Provisions for Affordable housing
    • Issues in implementation / enforcement of Master Plan • The present proposals of Master plans are land-use oriented and lack integration across sectors. i.e. Land use with transportation , infrastructure, ecology & environmental issues and socio-economic needs • Heritage planning is ignored due to lack of funds by the Authority • Strict enforcement mechanism to curtail unauthorized developments
    • THANK YOU