Urban & Regional Planning - Issues & Challenges


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Urban & Regional Planning - Issues & Challenges

  1. 1. Urban and Regional Planning: Issues & Challenges S. B. Honnur, Director of Town & Country Planning, Government of Karnataka
  2. 2. Planning scenario Planning practices in the country indicates that planning objectives, policies and strategies at national level are basically formalised in the Five Year Plans which are economic and social in nature  According to Item 20 of Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India the Concurrent List in the, social and economic planning is a joint responsibility of the Central and State governments.  However, land being a State subject, the role of the State Government becomes more pronounced in the implementation process.
  3. 3. PROCESS OF URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING • Preparation of State Perspective Plan • District Development Plan / Metropolitan Region Development Plan • Master Plan • Schemes / Annual Plans
  4. 4. Contents of Perspective Plan • Eco sensitive zones of the state • Boundaries of all the urban and rural settlements of the state • Mapping of transport and communication networks • Mapping of natural features • Industrial, mining and related area • Disaster Zoning
  5. 5. Contents of Regional Plan • Physical setting, settlement pattern • Infrastructure resources • Transport • Environment and sustainability • Regional Policy and development strategy • Regional Land use • Disaster Management Plan • Implementation Strategies and Management Structure
  6. 6. INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES Planning function is a continuous process and the Planning Department’s work continues from: plan preparation to plan processing, plan enforcement, plan implementation, plan detailing, plan review and then plan formulation and so on. The plan formulation, implementation, monitoring and review exercises must be statutorily prescribed in the State Acts and completed within the specified time- frame and schedule. In the context of these requirements institutional set-up has a vital role.
  7. 7. Amendment to the Act • The Karnataka Town & Country Planning Act, 1961 needs to be revamped as per the 74th Constitutional Amendment as the Karnataka Urban and Regional Planning Act. • The Model Urban and Regional Planning Act prepared by TCPO may be the basis for bringing amendment to the State Town Planning Act
  8. 8. INSTITUTIONS IN THE RESTRUCTURED PLANNING PROCESS • State Urban and Regional Planning Board • Metropolitan Development Committees • District Development Committees • Urban Local Bodies
  9. 9. Need of a Renewed Planning System: Major Issues • Urban development issues specially in newly formed states and backward areas • Need for planning system uniformity in the country • Problems in planning practices and requirement of coordinated working between Departments/Authorities • Issues in implementation of plans and projects by the States/ UT’s in legal, funding and decision making aspects, • Issues related to promoting rapid urbanisation and climate change
  10. 10. Need of a Renewed Planning System Major Issues • Lack of focus on economic aspects of plan implementation / budgeting while preparing land use development plans etc. • Need for inclusive Planning, people participation and planning for the urban poor, • Integration of Peri-urban areas in the planning process, • SEZ’s or industrial development’s impact on spatial and urban development especially when their location is near to large cities. • CRZ policy and Coastal management in case of coastal cities. • Special issues in urban development in hill states. • Provisions for Affordable housing
  11. 11. Issues in implementation / enforcement of Master Plan • The present proposals of Master plans are land-use oriented and lack integration across sectors. i.e. Land use with transportation , infrastructure, ecology & environmental issues and socio-economic needs • Heritage planning is ignored due to lack of funds by the Authority • Strict enforcement mechanism to curtail unauthorized developments
  12. 12. THANK YOU