Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Public transport reform in Latin America!!   Presented at the World Bank Sustainable Development    Network “Transport Day...
From “The War of the Penny”
To “Individual Commuter Pain”
Huge difficulties, e.g. Bogotá!   Congestion – 64.8 min per trip, ~ 6.96 million    hours lost per day ~ USD $3.9 billion ...
But integrated policies for “Avoid-Shift-Improve” over the last 15 years              Filename/RPS Number
With remarkable impact on modal   Distribución por modos de viaje     share and externalities                             ...
Key Component of the Strategy:   Public Transport Reform
Structural change in transit provision, notjust building and operating BRT corridors  Traditional Operation         Transf...
Traditional Operation        Transformed Operation                               Competition for the market Competition in...
Bogotá was a tipping point – sparked “global”transit reform!              25!                                             ...
Six Cities in Colombia !
http://www.metroenbogota.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/transmilenio-hasta-el-aeropuerto-el-doraro.jpg                    ...
2003            2005            2008            2009            2011              2012Optibus         +Metobus        + Me...
Metrobus Line 4 – Opened April 2012                                      Photo:	  CTS	  EMBARQ	  Mexico
31 Cities in Brazil with BRT and Bus CorridorsBelo Horizonte, Blumenau, Brasília,Campinas, Campo Grande,Caxias do Sul, Cri...
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil   Transoeste Rio de Janeiro May 2012
Bus systems and busways in the world!     !   daily demand per region (M pax/day)!                                        ...
http://www.embarq.org/en/modernizing-public-transportation
Transit reform through bus systems have               been successful!  Quality and performance are  better than in the sy...
CommonWhat Went      problems                           Wrong • Rushed implementation – several components   incomplete at...
The main structural problems are              institutional or regulatory!  Cash flow issues – absence of operational subs...
The transit to integrated public transport continues         Leadership + Capacity + Funding
Public transport reform in Latin America!!   Presented to the World Bank Sustainable Development    Network!!   More infor...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Public transport reform in Latin America

1,214

Published on

Transit reform in Bogota Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, through the example of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). Presented at the World Bank Sustainable Development Network “Transport Days” on Feb. 27, 2013 by Dario Hidalgo, PhD, Director Research and Practice, EMBARQ.

Published in: Business
1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Las ciudades latinoamericanas están construyendo una mejor conectividad. La postergación que tenemos en transporte público tiene sin embargo la oportunidad de observar otras experiencias e incorporarlas en soluciones más integrales. Se agradece a nuestros colegas y estudiosos del transporte por ello, porque ganan las ciudades y sus habitantes.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,214
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Public transport reform in Latin America"

  1. 1. Public transport reform in Latin America!!   Presented at the World Bank Sustainable Development Network “Transport Days” on Feb. 27, 2013!!   Dario Hidalgo, PhD!!   Director Research and Practice!!   EMBARQ!EMBARQ helps cities make sustainable transport a reality.!
  2. 2. From “The War of the Penny”
  3. 3. To “Individual Commuter Pain”
  4. 4. Huge difficulties, e.g. Bogotá!   Congestion – 64.8 min per trip, ~ 6.96 million hours lost per day ~ USD $3.9 billion per year!   Air Pollution ~500 premature deaths per year!   Road Un-safety – 500 deaths, 3,000 severely injured y 18,000 injured per year!   Physical Inactivity – 13.5% between 18 and 64 years old are overweight
  5. 5. But integrated policies for “Avoid-Shift-Improve” over the last 15 years Filename/RPS Number
  6. 6. With remarkable impact on modal Distribución por modos de viaje share and externalities Fuente: Encuesta Anual “Bogotá ¿Cómo Vamos?”
  7. 7. Key Component of the Strategy: Public Transport Reform
  8. 8. Structural change in transit provision, notjust building and operating BRT corridors Traditional Operation Transformed Operation New private companies Individual private operators managing bus fleet under affiliated to companies with concession contracts androute permits and very weak with strong supervision of supervision by government government (through new agencies)
  9. 9. Traditional Operation Transformed Operation Competition for the market Competition in the market (bidding process with priority(“guerra del centavo” penny for the existing private war) operators)
  10. 10. Bogotá was a tipping point – sparked “global”transit reform! 25! 150! 2010: Guangzhou, Hefei, Yancheng, Zaozhuang – China;! Jaipur - Índia; Bangkok - Tailândia; East London Transit – UK; Barranquilla, Bucaramanga – Colômbia;! 125! Cumulative Number of Cities! 20! Ecatepec- México; Lima - Peru; Brampton – Canadá; …! 100!New Cities! 15! 75! 2000: Bogotá 10! (TransMilenio), Colombia! 50! 5! 1974: Curitiba! 25! 0! 0! 1970! 1975! 1980! 1985! 1990! 1995! 2000! 2005! 2010! source: BRTdata.org, January, 2013!
  11. 11. Six Cities in Colombia !
  12. 12. http://www.metroenbogota.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/transmilenio-hasta-el-aeropuerto-el-doraro.jpg Portal Eldorado Troncal Calle 26 Terminal – Opened June 2012
  13. 13. 2003 2005 2008 2009 2011 2012Optibus +Metobus + Metrobus +Macrobus +Mexibus + MetrbusLeon, Insurgentes Insurgentes Sur Guadalajara Mexico State Line 4Guanajuatio Mexico DF Length: 128 km Length: 156 kmLength: 26 km Length: 46 km Length: 55 km Length: 92 km Fleet: 472 Fleet: 526Fleet: 61 Fleet: 156 Fleet: 216 Fleet: 330 1,164,000 1,114,000 Pax/día 814,000 Pax/día Pax/día 552,000 497,000 Pax/día Pax/día 237,000 Pax/día Evolution of Bus Systems in México
  14. 14. Metrobus Line 4 – Opened April 2012 Photo:  CTS  EMBARQ  Mexico
  15. 15. 31 Cities in Brazil with BRT and Bus CorridorsBelo Horizonte, Blumenau, Brasília,Campinas, Campo Grande,Caxias do Sul, Criciúma, Curitiba,Diadema - São Paulo,Feira de Santana, Fortaleza,Goiania, Jaboatão dos Guararapes,Joinville, João Pessoa, Juiz de Fora,Londrina, Maceió, Mauá – Diadema,Natal, Niteroi, Olinda, Porto Alegre,Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador,Santos, Sorocaba, Sumaré,São Paulo, Uberlândia
  16. 16. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil Transoeste Rio de Janeiro May 2012
  17. 17. Bus systems and busways in the world! !   daily demand per region (M pax/day)! Asia!USA and Canada! 26 cities!20 cities! 26 corridors!27 corridors! 6.14 M pax/day!0.85 M pax/day! Europe! 43 cities! 52 corridors! 1.66 M pax/day! Africa! 3 cities! 3 corridors! 0.24 M pax/day! Latin America and Oceania! the Caribbean! 7 cities! 50 cities! 7 corridors! 153 corridors! 0.33 M pax/day! 15.76 M pax/day! source: BRTdata.org, January, 2013!
  18. 18. http://www.embarq.org/en/modernizing-public-transportation
  19. 19. Transit reform through bus systems have been successful!  Quality and performance are better than in the systems they replaced!  Main achievement: travel time reduction and increased safety and reliability !  Efficiency gains - reduced energy consumption and air pollutants and CO2 emissions !  Reduced traffic fatalities !  Improved urban environments 19
  20. 20. CommonWhat Went problems Wrong • Rushed implementation – several components incomplete at launch • Very tight financial planning – non technical user fares • Very high occupancy levels (160 pax/bus standard for articulated buses is not accepted by the users) • Early deterioration of infrastructure (lack of road surface reinforcement or problems in design/construction) • Glitches in IT systems, specially fare collection • Insufficient user education Filename/RPS Number
  21. 21. The main structural problems are institutional or regulatory!  Cash flow issues – absence of operational subsidies - financial stress!  Expansion has proven difficult after initial corridors ! Opposition from existing operators – high cost of making the reform possible !  Change in political leadership and local priorities – “rail debates”!  Lack of integration with normal bus services (integrated systems are now progressing after Santiago → Bogotá, Cali, Medellin, México) Megabús – Pereira Metrovía - Guayaquil Transantiago - Santiago 21 Fotos: D. Hidalgo 2006, 2007
  22. 22. The transit to integrated public transport continues Leadership + Capacity + Funding
  23. 23. Public transport reform in Latin America!!   Presented to the World Bank Sustainable Development Network!!   More information at:!! EMBARQ.org!!   Questions? Comments? Contact us at embarq@wri.org!!   Follow us on Twitter: @EMBARQnetwork!EMBARQ helps cities make sustainable transport a reality.!
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×