Our Commitment to Sustainable Transport: Progress since Rio+20!
! Presented at Transforming Transportation 2014!
! Tyrrell Duncan !
! Director, East Asia Transport Division, concurrently Practice
Leader (Transport), Asian Development Bank
! Chair of the Working Group on Sustainable Transport!
Transforming Transportation 2014!
Our Commitment to Sustainable
Transport: Progress since Rio+20
January 17, 2014
Director, East Asia Transport Division
concurrently Practice Leader (Transport), Asian Development Bank
Chair of the Working Group on Sustainable Transport
Background to our commitment!
• Transport enables economic and social activity •
access to opportunities, services !
But negative effects - congestion, emissions,
environment impacts, road crashes!
Could become largest CO2 emitter!
Sustainable transport = accessible, affordable,
efﬁcient, ﬁnancially sustainable, environment
MDBs have been changing to focus on ST!
What was our commitment?!
• $175 billion for transport in developing countries
over 10 years, with increasing focus on ST!
Help developing countries develop ST policies,
use of best practices, scaling-up mechanisms!
Ready to help in creating special ﬁnancing
facilities for ST!
Call of support for UN post-2015 agenda on ST –
SG’s High Level Panel, SDG!
Measuring, monitoring and reporting on ST
lending, with common annual reporting – including
Our arrangements for working together!
MDB Working Group on
Heads of transport
operations of each
Technical experts of
Summary of progress to date!
ST set up
Our ﬁrst progress report!
• First time for the 8
MDBs to report
collectively on our
• Provides a quick
snapshot of our
• Summary released,
full report following!
Toward measuring sustainability of
Need to look
• Social sustainability !
• Risk to sustainability
or project soundness!
approaches such as:!
• Roads =
• Public transport =
Adopted common framework!
• Common basis (not fully harmonized) for
assessing the sustainability of MDBs’
transport projects – economic, social,
environmental, risk to sustainability!
• Convergence among MDBs on
dimensions, scope, timing, assessment
criteria, process, quality assurance!
ADB’s Sustainable Transport Appraisal Rating
(STAR): One form of the approved framework !
Risk to Sustainability!
16. Design and evaluation risk!
17. Implementation risk!
18. Operational risk!
Quality & reliability!
Wider economic beneﬁts:
regional, urban, rural!
11. Greenhouse gas
emissions and pollution!
13. Climate resilience!
14. Natural and built
15. Resource efﬁciency!
Poverty & Social!
6. Basic accessibility!
10. Inclusion and !
Progress report ﬁndings: investments (1)!
• In terms of volume, generally on target:
more than $20 billion approved in
• Supports a wide range of transport modes
(roads, urban transport, railways, air
transport, water transport, etc.)!
Progress report ﬁndings: investments (2)!
• Composition and nature of projects are rapidly
– Large growth in urban transport projects by e.g.
ADB, EIB, IADB, and WB!
– Large levels of investment in railways by e.g. EBRD
– Attention to sustainability in road projects, e.g. road
safety, climate adaptation, asset management (all
– Scaled up support on regional transport corridors
by e.g. AfDB, ADB, EBRD, WB!
Progress report ﬁndings: how sustainable are
projects? Example using ADB STAR framework!
Number of projects
• Most projects were
assessed as moderately
sustainable or above. !
• Urban transport and
water transport projects
tended to score well !
• Across all projects, the
aspects of sustainability
that were strongest were
(i) economic, (ii) social
and (iii) environmental in
2014 = Year 2 of 10 year Rio+20 commitment:!
– Raise focus of MDB transport operations
– Improve/harmonize monitoring and
reporting to capture all project types, impacts!
– Extend ST collaboration among MDBs and
other stakeholders including client countries,
– Work with UN partners and SG’s High Level
Panel to elevate ST in the post-2015
Also at ADB Transport on