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Our Commitment to Sustainable Transport - Progress since Rio+20 - Tyrrell Duncan - Asian Development Bank - Transforming Transportation 2014 - EMBARQ The World Bank
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Our Commitment to Sustainable Transport - Progress since Rio+20 - Tyrrell Duncan - Asian Development Bank - Transforming Transportation 2014 - EMBARQ The World Bank

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Tyrrell Duncan reports on the $175 billion committed by development banks to sustainable transport.

Tyrrell Duncan reports on the $175 billion committed by development banks to sustainable transport.

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  • 1. Our Commitment to Sustainable Transport: Progress since Rio+20! !   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2014! !   Tyrrell Duncan ! !   Director, East Asia Transport Division, concurrently Practice Leader (Transport), Asian Development Bank
 ! !   Chair of the Working Group on Sustainable Transport! Transforming Transportation 2014!
  • 2. Our Commitment to Sustainable Transport: Progress since Rio+20
 
 
 January 17, 2014
 
 Tyrrell Duncan 
 
 Director, East Asia Transport Division 
 concurrently Practice Leader (Transport), Asian Development Bank
 Chair of the Working Group on Sustainable Transport
 
 !
  • 3. Voluntary commitment at Rio+20!
  • 4. Background to our commitment! •  Transport enables economic and social activity •  •  •  •  access to opportunities, services ! But negative effects - congestion, emissions, environment impacts, road crashes! Could become largest CO2 emitter! Sustainable transport = accessible, affordable, efficient, financially sustainable, environment friendly, safe! MDBs have been changing to focus on ST!
  • 5. What was our commitment?! •  $175 billion for transport in developing countries •  •  •  •  over 10 years, with increasing focus on ST! Help developing countries develop ST policies, use of best practices, scaling-up mechanisms! Ready to help in creating special financing facilities for ST! Call of support for UN post-2015 agenda on ST – SG’s High Level Panel, SDG! Measuring, monitoring and reporting on ST lending, with common annual reporting – including SLOCAT collaboration!
  • 6. Our arrangements for working together! MDB Working Group on Sustainable Transport (WGST)! Technical Working Group (TWG)! 2 SLoCaT Observers! Heads of transport operations of each MDB! Technical experts of each MDB!
  • 7. Summary of progress to date! WGST meets, Technical Group set up (May 2013)! Rio+20 Voluntary Commitment (Jun 2012)! Working Group on ST set up (Jan 2013)! First progress report prepared (Dec 2013)! Common monitoring & reporting framework adopted (Oct 2013)! First progress report published (Jan 2014)!
  • 8. Our first progress report! •  First time for the 8 MDBs to report collectively on our transport work! •  Provides a quick snapshot of our activities/progress in 2012 ! •  Summary released, full report following!
  • 9. Toward measuring sustainability of transport projects! Need to look holistically at:! •  Economic effectiveness ! •  Social sustainability ! •  Environmental sustainability ! •  Risk to sustainability or project soundness! As   opposed   to   Simple statements/ approaches such as:! •  Roads = unsustainable! •  Public transport = sustainable!
  • 10. Adopted common framework! •  Common basis (not fully harmonized) for assessing the sustainability of MDBs’ transport projects – economic, social, environmental, risk to sustainability! •  Convergence among MDBs on dimensions, scope, timing, assessment To   criteria, process, quality assurance! evolve   over   -me  
  • 11. ADB’s Sustainable Transport Appraisal Rating (STAR): One form of the approved framework ! Risk to Sustainability! Economic! 16. Design and evaluation risk! 17. Implementation risk! 18. Operational risk! 1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  10%! Environmental! Efficiency: people! Efficiency: businesses! Quality & reliability! Fiscal burden! Wider economic benefits: regional, urban, rural! 30%! 11. Greenhouse gas emissions! 30%! 12. Transport-related emissions and pollution! 13. Climate resilience! 14. Natural and built environment! 15. Resource efficiency! Poverty & Social! 30%! 6.  Basic accessibility! 7.  Employment! 8.  Affordability! 9.  Safety! 10. Inclusion and ! social cohesion!
  • 12. Progress report findings: investments (1)! •  In terms of volume, generally on target: more than $20 billion approved in 2012! •  Supports a wide range of transport modes (roads, urban transport, railways, air transport, water transport, etc.)!
  • 13. Progress report findings: investments (2)! •  Composition and nature of projects are rapidly changing:! –  Large growth in urban transport projects by e.g. ADB, EIB, IADB, and WB! –  Large levels of investment in railways by e.g. EBRD and EIB! –  Attention to sustainability in road projects, e.g. road safety, climate adaptation, asset management (all MDBs)! –  Scaled up support on regional transport corridors by e.g. AfDB, ADB, EBRD, WB! Note:    Ins-tu-ons  listed  are  not  exhaus-ve  
  • 14. Progress report findings: how sustainable are projects? Example using ADB STAR framework! Number of projects Highly Sustainable Sustainable Moderately Sustainable Marginally Sustainable Moderately Unsustainable Unsustainable Urban Transport Air Transport Water Transport Rail Transport Road Transport Highly Unsustainable 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 •  Most projects were assessed as moderately sustainable or above. ! •  Urban transport and water transport projects tended to score well ! •  Across all projects, the aspects of sustainability that were strongest were (i) economic, (ii) social and (iii) environmental in that order.!
  • 15. Progress report findings: beyond projects! •  Other significant MDB contributions e.g.! – Capacity building! – Knowledge sharing! – Policy dialogue!
  • 16. Next steps! 2014 = Year 2 of 10 year Rio+20 commitment:! –  Raise focus of MDB transport operations on ST! –  Improve/harmonize monitoring and reporting to capture all project types, impacts! –  Extend ST collaboration among MDBs and other stakeholders including client countries, experts, partners! –  Work with UN partners and SG’s High Level Panel to elevate ST in the post-2015 development agenda!
  • 17. Thank you!! h8p://www.adb.org/documents/progress-­‐ report-­‐2012-­‐2013-­‐mdb-­‐working-­‐group-­‐ sustainable-­‐transport   Also at ADB Transport on Twitter, Facebook!