Enabling Integrated Planning through Town & Country Planning Act in India
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Enabling Integrated Planning through Town & Country Planning Act in India Enabling Integrated Planning through Town & Country Planning Act in India Presentation Transcript

  • Enabling Integrated Planning through Town and Country Planning Acts in India CONNECT karo CONFERENCE SESSION 3A BENGALURU 10.3.2014 TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ORGANIZATION MINISTRY OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT, GOI
  • Model Regional and Town Planning and Development Law,1985 Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO) formulated the Model Town and Country Planning Law in the year 1960. This model Act was revised by TCPO in year 1985 as “Model Regional and Town Planning and Development Law” to enact a comprehensive urban and regional planning legislation in all the States and UT’s.
  • CONTENTS Constitution of State Regional and Town Planning Board by the State Government for the purpose of advising on the delineation of the region for the planned development,  Directing the preparation of metropolitan, regional and area plans by the metropolitan, regional and area planning and development authorities. Setting up of metropolitan, regional and area planning and development authorities for different urban and rural areas within the State to undertake preparation of development plans and to enforce and implement them, Co-ordinating the planning and implementation of physical development programmes Model Law provided 3 steps for the administration of this law: a) Preparation of existing land use map, b) Preparation of an outline development plan and comprehensive development plan and their enforcement, and c) Preparation of detailed schemes of development or redevelopment as envisaged in the plans and their implementation.
  • Based on the Model Regional and Town Planning and Development Law,1985 ,many states enacted their Town and Country Acts. However ,states like Haryana, Rajasthan and UT of Chandigarh do not have comprehensive Town and Country Planning Acts. Out of 7933 Towns ,about 2032 towns have Master Plans(1483 notified +549 under preparation )
  • BIHAR URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT ACT,2011/KERALA TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ORDINANCE ,2013 BIHAR KERALA CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY PRELIMINARY CHAPTER-II BIHAR URBAN PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD STATE TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING COMMISSION AND THE PERSPECTIVE PLAN CHAPTER-III DECLARATION OF PLANNING AREAS AND CONSTITUTION OF PLANNING AUTHORITIES DISTRICT PLANNING COMMITTES AND PERSPECTIVE PLANS FOR DISTRICTS CHAPTER-IV PREPARATION OF LAND USE MAP AND LAND USE REGISTER METROPOLITAN PLANNING COMMITTEE AND PERSPECTIVE PLAN FOR METROPOLITAN AREA CHAPTER -V PREPARATION, CONTENTS AND APPROVAL OF DEVELOPMENT PLAN MASTER PLAN FOR LOCAL PLANNING AREAS CHAPTER-VI CONTROL OF DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF LAND JOINT COMMITTEE AND AND MASTER PLAN FOR JOINT PLANNING AREA CHAPTER-VII AREA DEVELOPMENT SCHEME DETAILED TOWN PLANNING SCHEME CHAPTER-VIII LEVY, ASSESSMENT AND RECOVERY OF DEVELOPMENT CHARGE CONTROL OF USE AND DEVELOPMENT OF LAND CHAPTER-IX ACQUISITION AND DISPOSAL OF LAND IMPLEMENTATION OF PLANS CHAPTER-X FINANCE, ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT KERALA URBAN ART COMMISSION CHAPTER-XI URBAN ARTS AND HERITAGE COMMISSION FINANCE ,ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT CHAPTER- XII TRIBUNAL SUPPLEMENTARY AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS CHAPTER-XIII POWERS OF GOVERNMENT --- CHAPTER-XIV SUPPLEMENTARY AND MISCELAANEOUS PROVISIONS ---
  • THE KARNATAKA TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ACT, 1961 CHAPTER I : PRELIMINARY CHAPTER IA : LOCAL PLANNING AREAS AND PLANNING AUTHORITIES CHAPTER II : PRESENT LAND USE CHAPTER III : OUTLINE DEVELOPMENT PLAN CHAPTER IV : COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT PLAN / ENFORCEMENT OF MP CHAPTER V : TOWN PLANNING SCHEME CHAPTER VI : TOWN PLANNING OFFICER AND HIS DUTIES CHAPTER VII : DISPUTED OWNERSHIP, PRELIMINARY SCHEMES AND FINAL SCHEME, ITS SANCTION AND ENFORCEMENT CHAPTER VIII : FINANCE, ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT CHAPTER IX : LAND ACQUISITION CHAPTER X : OFFENCES AND PENALTIES, RULES AND BYE-LAWS
  • REVISION OF URDPFI GUIDELINES • Since 1996, many changes have taken place in the field of urban development especially in view of emerging needs / requirements of urban settlements due to rapid population growth and other reasons like globalization and liberalization. • Towns and cities are dynamic entities and are subjected to unprecedented changes in terms of requirements of infrastructure and other basic services / amenities. Accordingly, norms and standards prescribed by previous guidelines need to revisited. • New Guidelines to be called Urban and Regional Development Plan Formulation and Implementation Guidelines (URDPFI). • The draft Guidelines are uploaded on MoUD website(http://moud.gov.in/URDPFI)
  • EMERGING ISSUES • Inclusive Planning • Sustainable Habitat • Integration of Landuse and transport at planning stage • Norms and Standards/Zoning Regulations • Urban Reforms • Service Level Benchmarks • Plans like City Sanitation Plan City Drainage Plan Capital Investment Plan and Financial Operating Plan ,Disaster Management Plan  Comprehensive Mobility Plan
  • MODEL REGIONAL AND TOWN PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT LAW-SUGGESTIONS IN DRAFT URDPFI GUIDELINES FOR MODIFICATIONS Replacing old Land Acquisition Act with the new Act. Mandatory Implementation of 74th CAA Inter-state Planning Joint Area Committee Innovative Systems of Land Assembly Town Planning Scheme Land Pooling and Development Schemes Transferable Development Rights Accommodation Reservation Encouraging Private and Joint Sector Participation Time Line State Regulatory Body City Infrastructure Fund
  • URBANIZATION ISSUES As per Census ,2011, 4041 are statutory towns and 3892 census towns(non-statutory).  Number of census towns have increased from 1363 to 3982. Growth rate of census towns (2001-11) is 179% while statutory towns registered 21% during the period. The census towns need to be notified ,otherwise they are further going to experience organic growth and will also not be eligible for central assistance.
  • Class Category Definition No of Towns Populati on % of Urban No of Towns Populati on % of Urban Dec.Gr Rate of No. of Towns Dec Gr of Pop Pop 2001 2001 Populati on 2011 2011 Popul ation* 2001 - 2011 2001 - 2011 Class I >1 lakh 394 196.3 68.7 468 227.8 60.4 18.8 34.9 Of which,- Below Mn+ 1 - 10 lakh 359 88.0 30.8 415 104.2 27,2 15.6 18.4 Million Plus >10 lakh 35 108.3 37.9 53 160.7 42.2 51.4 48.4 Of which,- Mega cities@ >1 crore 3 42.5 14.9 3 48.8 12.9 0.0 14.8 Class II 50 - 100k 496 27.8 9.7 605 41.3 10.8 22.0 48.7 Class III 20 - 50k 1388 35.2 12.2 1905 58.2 15.4 37.2 65.5 Class IV 10 - 20k 1561 19.5 6.8 2233 31.9 8.5 43.0 63.8 Class V 5 - 10k 1041 6.7 2.4 2187 15.9 4.2 110.1 138.7 Class VI <5k 234 0.7 0.2 498 2.0 0.05 112.8 180.1 Total 5161 286.1 100.0 7933 377.1 100.0 53.7 31.8 Statut. Towns 3799 265.1 92.7 4041 318.5 84.5 6.4 20.2 Non-Stat Cen Towns/ UAs 1362 21.0 7.3 3892 58.6 15.5 185.8 179.0 Total Urban Popn 5161 286.1 100.0 7933 377.1 100 53.7 31.8 DISTRIBUTION OF URBAN POPULATION
  • GROWTH RATE OF TOWNS S.N. Growth rate2001-2011 No. of towns 1 Less Than 0% 913 2 0 to 10% 1649 3 Greater than 10% to Less than or equal to 20% 2259 4 Greater than 20% to Less than or equal to 30% 1212 5 Greater than 30% to Less than or equal to 50% 724 6 Greater than 50% to Less than or equal to 100% 444 7 Greater than 100% and above 447 8 Data not available for Census,2001 285 9 Total Cities+ towns 7933 Computed from census 2001 and Census 2011
  • Number of Villages by Population Size in India, Census 2011 Population Size Total Villages Total Population % of rural population Less than 200 82149 8179066 0.98 200-499 114726 39683027 4.76 500-999 141761 103291220 12.39 1000-1999 139136 197496806 23.70 2000-4999 96388 288637987 34.63 5000-9999 18641 123808537 14.85 10000+ 4682 72366805 8.68 Total 597483 833463448 100.00
  • FINDINGS 61% of total towns i.e., 4821 towns have registered less than 20% growth rate during 2001-2011. 913 towns have experience negative growth rate. Perhaps both urbanization as well as total population growth rate heading for stabilization. 23323 villages have more than 5000* population with a total population of 19.61 crore and if added to urban population, then constitute 47% of the total population. *as per Census of India ,a town must have more than 5000 population.
  • WAY FORWARD Model Regional and Town Planning and Development Law,1985 is needs to be taken up for revision after the finalization of URDPFI Guidelines . Bihar Urban and Regional Planning and Development Act,2011 and Kerala Town and Country Planning Ordinance ,2013 provides for spatial planning in accordance with 74th CAA which can be followed by other States while amending their Town and Country Planning Acts. All census towns to be notified and with the adoption of URDPFI Guidelines the, plan making process to be expedited.
  • THANKS FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION