Embarq may 27 - best practices - amit bhatt


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Embarq may 27 - best practices - amit bhatt

  1. 1. Sustainable Transport: Best Practices Amit Bhatt Transportation Specialist EMBARQ, The World Resources Institute Center for Sustainable Transport May 2010
  2. 2. A successful urban transport system involves… Low travel times and travel costs for people and goods Equal access to urban life opportunities (social services, education, health, recreation) Adequate support to desired form, size and density of the London, England city-region Limited impact on the environment: air/noise pollution; CO2 emissions Reduced impact on public health: fatalities and injuries from traffic accidents London, England
  3. 3. ¿What to do?Alternative 1:Capital intensive solutions Give greater capacity to the road network to relieve congestion Build massive rail transport systems (light rail- metro)Alternative 2:Change paradigms Give priority to non motorised transport and bus-based public transport Restrict indiscriminate automobile use
  4. 4. Capital & Landintensive solutions: highways
  5. 5. Infrastructure solutions lead to greater automobile dependence Automobile dependence and Regional Economy Regional GDP per person (USD 1990) Automobile Use (Km/year per person) Source: INDICATORS OF TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY IN 37 GLOBAL CITIES, Jeff Kenworthy, Felix Laube, Peter Newman and Paul Barter, World Bank, 1997
  6. 6. Automobile dependent cities have more accidentsCities of United States have 66% more deaths in traffic accidents per person than peer cities in Europe and Asia, and 123% more than Toronto Road Safety Accidentalidad 25.0 Muertes en Accidente de Australia Tránsito por 100, 000 Accidents per 100,000 20.0 Fatalities in Road population (1990) EEUU R2 = 0.5748 Habitantes 15.0 Toronto Europa 10.0 Asia 5.0 Tendencia 0.0 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 Uso de Automóvil (Km(Km/year per person) Automobile Use por año por Persona) Source: INDICATORS OF TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY IN 37 GLOBAL CITIES, Jeff Kenworthy, Felix Laube, Peter Newman and Paul Barter, World Bank, 1997
  7. 7. Automobile dependent cities have low densities (occupy large extensions) 250 América Latina R2 = 0.4278Persons/Hectare (1995)Personas/Hectárea (1995) 200 China Asia Alto Ingreso 150 Medio Oriente 100 Asia Ingreso Bajo Africa 50 Europa Or. Europa Occ. USA Canadá AU-NZ 0 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 AutomobileCarro/Persona/Año (1995) Km Use (Km/year per person 1995)Source: J. Kenworthy "Transport and Energy Use: A Study of 84 GlobalCities", 2003
  8. 8. Alternative Solutionsfor Sustainable Urban Transport Pedestrian and Bicycles Public Transportation Transit Oriented Development Disincentives to Car Use Cleaner and Cooler Fuels and Vehicles http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/images/sidewalks/ps_rendering01.JPG
  9. 9. Alternative solutions for sustainable transport Low cost High impact: reduction of accidents, pollution and travel times More compact cities, socially integrated Development of local industry Fast implementation (3-5 years from the idea to implementation) More attractive cities that ease location of businesses and professionals and Santiago urban development Sao Paulo London Manila
  10. 10. 1. Non motorised transportPedestrian and bicycle prioritiesRecovery of invaded public spaceInfrastructure constructionPromotion and incentivesSafe bicycle parkingRoad safety LONDON Photos: DHG UTRTECH, THE NETHERLANDS Photo: FPPQQ
  11. 11. 1. Non motorised transport CARRERA 15, BOGOTA Photos: IDU ALAMEDA EL PORVENIR, BOGOTA Photos: FPPQQ
  12. 12. 2. Disincentives to indiscriminate car useCongestion charging:Singapore, London, Sweden,SantiagoAdministrative measures(plate restrictions)Parking controlsTaxes (fuel, property)Citizens’ culture London Bogota, Sunday Ciclovía Bogota, no car day
  13. 13. 3. Transit- oriented development (TOD) Local scale: Nodes around stations Joint development: residental + commercial + education + entertainment Dense Housing (3-4 floors) with generous public space Helsinki Photo J. Kenworthy Zurich Vancouver Photo J. Kenworthy Photo J. Kenworthy
  14. 14. 3. Transit- oriented development (TOD) Source: IPUCC Curitiba, Brazil
  15. 15. 3. Transit- oriented development (TOD) Curitiba, Brazil Source: http://www.curitiba-parana.com/arquitetura-urbanismo.htm
  16. 16. 4. Bus Systems
  17. 17. 4. Bus SystemsHigh qualityUser orientedFastReliableLow cost Leeds, UK Curitiba Sao Paulo
  18. 18. Bus systems are critical for energy independence in India 7 Rail 27% Less Energy 6 as compared with Buses 2030 BAUEJ Total Delivered Energy 5 3 Wheelers 4 2 Wheelers Cars 3 2 1 0 1980 2000 2030: BAU 2030 Fuel 2030: 2030: SUT 2030 Extra Eff. TWW Effort Schipper L. Banerjee I. and Ng W.S. “CO2 Emissions from Land Transport in India Scenarios of the Uncertain”, TRB Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 2009
  19. 19. It is possible for any city to transform itself into a sustainable city… Bogotá, Colombia, 1998
  20. 20. Bogotá has applied integrated policies for sustainable transportSlides developed originally by Dario Hidalgo
  21. 21. Results are extraordinary… Total PublicFuentes: Encuesta Anual “Bogotá ¿Cómo Vamos?” www.eltiempo.com; Transport Traditional Public Transport TransMilenio BRTS Private (Car, Two Wheeler) Active Transport (Walking, Bicycle) Main mode of transport 1998-2009
  22. 22. Fatalities have reduced 8% annually
  23. 23. “The EMBARQ global network catalyzesenvironmentally and financiallysustainable transport solutions to improvequality of life in cities.”
  24. 24. Mexico City’sMetrobús is oneof the largestbus rapid transitsystems in theworld.
  25. 25. The mayor of MexicoCity campaigned ona platform ofexpanding Metrobúsfrom a one-lineoperation to acitywide networkof 10 lines.
  26. 26. 45 Km BRT System450,000 passengers per day
  27. 27. “It’s nothinglike driving,especially atrush hour wheneveryone’sleaving theoffice.”
  28. 28. MacrobúsGuadalajarareduces traveltimes, preventstraffic accidents,and helps combatclimate change.
  29. 29. Macrobús Guadalajara, México 16 Km, 127,000 passengers/day
  30. 30. The retrofit pilotproject demonstratedthat diesel particulatefilters, when combinedwith clean diesel, canreduce over 90 percentof the particulatematter emitted fromMexico City’s buses.
  31. 31. EMBARQ’s studyhelped guideMexico City officialsin purchasingthe most cost-effective busesfor their fleet.
  32. 32. Brazil containsnumerousburgeoning citiesthat are nowsuffering from thestandard problemsof growth.
  33. 33. The EMBARQ BRTSimulator showshow small changescan make a bigimpact on citiesplanning newBRT corridors.
  34. 34. Rio de Janeiro usedEMBARQ softwareto evaluate aproposed BRTsystem for carryingpotential visitors tothe 2016 OlympicGames.
  35. 35. Association for Latin American Bus Rapid Transit
  36. 36. Sustainabletransport notonly combatsclimate change;it also improvespublic health.
  37. 37. CTSS-Andinohelped remove720 highlypolluting sharedtaxicabs fromthe streets ofArequipa.
  38. 38. By focusingon people, notcars, Arequipacan preserveits historicheritage.
  39. 39. Reducing transportemissions is animportant goalbecause theynegatively impactpublic health andcontribute to globalclimate change.
  40. 40. EMBARQestimates that ifIstanbul does notbegin to addresstransport-relatedair pollution,emissions coulddouble by 2015.
  41. 41. The inter-continentalBRT corridoreases congestionalong the famousBosphorus Bridge –one of the keytraffic bottlenecksin the city.
  42. 42. “It seems tome it wouldhelp if thebuses couldhave theirown lane.”
  43. 43. Launched inSeptember 2007,Istanbul’s bus rapidtransit corridoris now one ofthe most heavilytraveled BRT linesin the world.
  44. 44. Millions ofIndians will soonjoin the middleclass and be ina position to buytheir first car.
  45. 45. The national policysets the guidelinesfor cities that wantto receive fundingfor bus rapidtransit and othersustainable urbantransport projects.
  46. 46. The winningbid solidifiedIndores positionas a model cityfor sustainabletransport.
  47. 47. Delhis newbus corridormeets its keyobjectives,but there isstill room forimprovement.
  48. 48. Janmarg Ahmedabad, India Main Advisor: CEPTSupport from ITDP, CAI, EMBARQ
  49. 49. ¡Muchas Gracias! Global Strategic Partners CATERPILLAR FOUNDATION www.embarq.wri.org