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Performance Evaluation of Selected Routes  of City Bus Services in Visakhapatnam     Visakhapatnam, 31st August 2012      ...
Background• APSRTC’s Visakhapatnam Division runs 1080  buses, out of which 650 buses are used for  city bus operations• It...
Aim of StudyTo assist APSRTC with performance analysis of its bus operations on selected routes
Study Methodology• Surveys were conducted on selected bus routes to  appreciate the traffic and travel characteristics.• D...
Bus Stop Selection• Consultation with APSRTC• At least 3 stops per Bus Route• 10 bus stops were selected on the selected 5...
Bus Routes Selection• Bus Routes finalized in consultation with  APSRTC  Bus Route              Description     222       ...
Selected Bus Routes
Bus Stops Selected                     8
Bus Stops on Bus Route 222
Bus Stops on Bus Route 20A
Bus Stops on Bus Route 38
Bus Stops on Bus Route 60C
Bus Stops on Bus Route 28
IPK Calculations for Selected Bus Routes                                  Selected Route   Parameters or                  ...
Passenger Load Analysis• Total Number of Passengers in the Bus at any given  Time• Calculated from Boarding and Alighting ...
Passenger Load Analysis for Bus Route 60C                             Route 60C Average Passenger Load ALC-OHPO    70    6...
Passenger Load Analysis for Bus Route 2880                            Route 28 Average Passenger Load - RKB-SML70605040302...
Passenger Load Analysis for Bus Route 28                             Route 28 Average Passenger Load - SML-RKB120100806040...
Passenger Load Analysis - Observations• Supply not in sync with the demand• Dynamic scheduling approach can improve  opera...
Boarding and Alighting Patterns for Bus Route 28                     Boarding and Alighting Route 2825                    ...
Boarding and Alighting Patterns-Recommendations • Develop NAD as transfer terminal • Improve transfer facility at RTC Comp...
Headway Analysis• Time difference between the departure of a previous  service to arrival of next bus at a particular bus ...
Bus Occupancy Survey       Bus Occupancy                  Percentage          Empty (< 10)                    12         H...
Bus Occupancy @ Maddilapalem Bus Stop                                    24
Figure 39: Combined Analysis for NAD: RTC Complex to Simhachalam                                                          ...
Combined Analysis for Anandapuram: RTC Complex to Tagarapuvalasa                                                          ...
Recommendations•   Continuous monitoring and benchmarking of operations•   Better utilization of available technology (ETM...
Thank You
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EMBARQ India - Talking Transit August 2012 - Presentation on APSRTC

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Transcript of "EMBARQ India - Talking Transit August 2012 - Presentation on APSRTC"

  1. 1. Performance Evaluation of Selected Routes of City Bus Services in Visakhapatnam Visakhapatnam, 31st August 2012 1
  2. 2. Background• APSRTC’s Visakhapatnam Division runs 1080 buses, out of which 650 buses are used for city bus operations• It has 3400 staff including 1400 drivers• APSRTC’s best practices have resulted in increased fuel efficiency which has earned it several awards
  3. 3. Aim of StudyTo assist APSRTC with performance analysis of its bus operations on selected routes
  4. 4. Study Methodology• Surveys were conducted on selected bus routes to appreciate the traffic and travel characteristics.• Data on bus schedules was provided by APSRTC.• The following primary surveys were conducted in June & July 2012: – Boarding and Alighting Survey – Bus Occupancy Survey – Waiting Passenger and Auto Rickshaw Count – Auto Rickshaw Occupancy Survey (at one stop)
  5. 5. Bus Stop Selection• Consultation with APSRTC• At least 3 stops per Bus Route• 10 bus stops were selected on the selected 5 routes
  6. 6. Bus Routes Selection• Bus Routes finalized in consultation with APSRTC Bus Route Description 222 City Bus Station – Tagarapuvalasa 20A Maddilapalem – Old Head Post Office 60C Arilova Colony – Old Head Post Office 38 City Bus Station – Gajuwaka 28 R.K.Beach to Simhachalam
  7. 7. Selected Bus Routes
  8. 8. Bus Stops Selected 8
  9. 9. Bus Stops on Bus Route 222
  10. 10. Bus Stops on Bus Route 20A
  11. 11. Bus Stops on Bus Route 38
  12. 12. Bus Stops on Bus Route 60C
  13. 13. Bus Stops on Bus Route 28
  14. 14. IPK Calculations for Selected Bus Routes Selected Route Parameters or 20A 222 28 38 60C Statistical DetailsTotal PassengersBoarded per Bus per 1321 700 1150 463 620Day (B&A Data)Scheduled RouteLength Per Bus Per Day 250 402 272 351 248(km)Indexed PassengerKilometers 5.28 1.74 4.22 1.31 2.50(passengers/bus km) 14
  15. 15. Passenger Load Analysis• Total Number of Passengers in the Bus at any given Time• Calculated from Boarding and Alighting Surveys• Observed Load Patterns: – AM Peak (8AM-10AM) – PM Peak (4:30PM-6:30PM) – Non Peak (remaining times) 15
  16. 16. Passenger Load Analysis for Bus Route 60C Route 60C Average Passenger Load ALC-OHPO 70 60 50 40 30nPeagsr 20 10 0 Avg Load per trip Avg AM Peak Load per trip Avg PM Peak Load per trip Avg non-Peak Load per trip 16
  17. 17. Passenger Load Analysis for Bus Route 2880 Route 28 Average Passenger Load - RKB-SML70605040302010 0 Avg Load per trip Avg AM Peak Load per trip Avg PM Peak Load per trip Avg non-Peak Load per trip 17
  18. 18. Passenger Load Analysis for Bus Route 28 Route 28 Average Passenger Load - SML-RKB12010080604020 0 Avg Load per trip Avg AM Peak Load per trip Avg PM Peak Load per trip Avg non-Peak Load per trip 18
  19. 19. Passenger Load Analysis - Observations• Supply not in sync with the demand• Dynamic scheduling approach can improve operational efficiency• Additional buses needed on many routes to service peak hour demand• Providing additional buses from R.K.Beach to Depot in the evening peak hours and from Depot to Jagadamba during the morning peak hours. 19
  20. 20. Boarding and Alighting Patterns for Bus Route 28 Boarding and Alighting Route 2825 RK Beach to Simhachalam Avg Boarding per trip Avg Alighting per trip201510 5 0 20
  21. 21. Boarding and Alighting Patterns-Recommendations • Develop NAD as transfer terminal • Improve transfer facility at RTC Complex terminal • Proper steps to be taken to attract large quantum of potential riders. 21
  22. 22. Headway Analysis• Time difference between the departure of a previous service to arrival of next bus at a particular bus stop• Bus Arrival Data collected at the selected Bus Stops• Mean, Average and Standard Deviation calculated for the following time periods: – AM Peak (8AM-10AM) – PM Peak (4:30PM-6:30PM) – Non Peak (remaining times)• Reliability is High if Standard Deviation is close to Zero (“0”) 22
  23. 23. Bus Occupancy Survey Bus Occupancy Percentage Empty (< 10) 12 Half Full (10-30) 40Full (all seats occupied + 5 people 34 standing)Standing (all seats occupied + 5-20 10 people standing)Crowded (all seats occupied + > 20 4 people standing) 23
  24. 24. Bus Occupancy @ Maddilapalem Bus Stop 24
  25. 25. Figure 39: Combined Analysis for NAD: RTC Complex to Simhachalam 25
  26. 26. Combined Analysis for Anandapuram: RTC Complex to Tagarapuvalasa 26
  27. 27. Recommendations• Continuous monitoring and benchmarking of operations• Better utilization of available technology (ETM)• Implement AVLS monitoring to have control over operations• Scheduling to match demand• Introducing shorter loops on certain routes to improve control 27
  28. 28. Thank You
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