In the context of connecting people, presenting tested approaches towards “Interpreting current master planning frameworks to achieve pedestrian oriented urban environments”
Current master planning frameworks allocate densities, land use and develop the planning area but often gives little or no indication of context, character of the area or several other qualitative aspects.
Traditional urban development indicates a strong connection of people to their settlements which is not the case for newer developments that are master planned ; Triggers have changed over time so its not a matter of replication of the old but understanding the gaps in current frameworks.
Understanding gaps in master planning frameworks that have led to ‘Automobile oriented, polluted, un-engaging urban form alongside unregulated urban sprawl’
Gaps an ongoing debate: The pace of growth of Indian cities renders these plans obsolete very soon; unique local specificities are generalized out and fringe developments remain unaddressed.
Collaboration amongst key stakeholders and eminent urban practitioners at the input stage ensures a good through put and hence output for the master planning process.
Not a check list that can be held in a court of law but undertaking appropriate and necessary modifications and actions, strategic projects; keep check on dramatic change inducers like SEZs;
Existing master plans as enabling frameworks often do not restrict the articulation of best practices, optimum translation on the ground level is however not achieved
People on ground and planning and implementing authorities know best how to realise appropriate visions and the means and even loopholes towards the same
Further technically articulating all inputs received …
From the learnings of this hands on approach and demonstration projects within the current master planning frameworks, an informed input may be made to amend and enact various policies, acts and regulations to mainstream people centric urban environments.
Connecting People to Cities -Reimagining the Master PlanRejeet Mathews, Program Manager- Urban Development andAccessibility, EMBARQ India
Session 2B Connecting People to Cities - Reimagining the Master PlanRejeet MathewsEMBARQ India
‘Interpreting current master planframeworks to achieve pedestrian oriented urban environments’
Master Planning in India In India, Master Plans or Development Plans prepared under their respective State Town and Country Planning Acts are currently the main statutory tool used to allocate densities and land use and to develop, improve and regulate the planning area in its entirety or in parts. Development Control Regulations as part of Master Plans/ Development Plans are to address parameters such as floor area ratios (FAR), building heights, parking norms, coverage and setbacks.
Traditional urbansettlementsAndCurrent urbandevelopmentCases: Mumbai, HubliDharwad and Naya Raipur
Gaps in current master planning frameworks Depending on the Town and Country Planning Act, master plans undergo comprehensive review/ envisioning only once in 20 years or once in 10 years. Aggregation based analysis and proposals at macro scales tend to broad brush out local specificities. Master plans have pre-determined boundaries. Boundaries are often the most dynamic areas. Disconnect continues between various scales of plans such as regional level, city level, zonal level and local area level
Interpreting the city’s needsGaps at the city level could be addressed at the Master Plan TOR formulationstage itself through collaborative brainstorming workshopsCase: Hubli Dharwad
Steps to reconnect at the city scale Enabling frameworks rather than content based frameworks Impact of investment led development to be spatially addressed rather than just plan led development Range of solutions to be sought through scenario building to arrive at a well debated final plan Reinforcing the 3 tier planning process and investment plans
Interpreting the city’s master plan at the sector or zonal scales BRTBRT Assessing current design interpretations for transit integration, density, mixed use, block size, walkability, community spaces etc.
Steps to reconnect at the sector scale 750 810
Articulation of sector design Land Use Area (sqm) Percentage Total Plot 603480 Net 546297 100.00 Developed Area Residential 253338 47.00 Roads 163371 30.00 Open Space 78985 14.00 Amenities 49429 9.00 People 11,000 people accommodated Walkable pedestrian urban environment designed based on existing land use and regulations and accommodating similar number of people as other sectors Case: Naya Raipur
Interpreting master and sector plans at thepeople scale
Testing and challenging standards/ ideasLarge gap in the divider No street markings Unsafe crossing, no to guide vehicles pedestrian refuge area and pedestrians
Managing change on the ground at the people scaleCreate pedestrian refuge Reduce gap in the Create table top Safe crossings areas divider intersection
Summing Up…Mainstreaming and iterating our policies, plans, systems and designs toreconnect people to cities Iterative process Connecting people at policy scales Connecting people at city scales Connecting people at sector and neighbourhood scales Connecting people at street and building scales People centric development