• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Climate Change and Transport in India: Initiatives and experience
 

Climate Change and Transport in India: Initiatives and experience

on

  • 3,233 views

By O.P Agarwal, Managing Director, Urban Mass Transit Company

By O.P Agarwal, Managing Director, Urban Mass Transit Company

Statistics

Views

Total Views
3,233
Views on SlideShare
3,145
Embed Views
88

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
93
Comments
0

6 Embeds 88

http://www.embarq.org 70
http://www.slideshare.net 12
http://farefreeindia.blogspot.com 2
http://farefreeindia.blogspot.de 2
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1
http://embarq.info 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Climate Change and Transport in India: Initiatives and experience Climate Change and Transport in India: Initiatives and experience Presentation Transcript

    • Climate Change and Transport in India: Initiatives and experience O.P. Agarwal Managing Director, Urban Mass Transit Co. Vice President, Institute of Urban Transport (India) TRB 2009
    • National Action Plan on Climate Change
      • A comprehensive plan, with 8 missions, directly under the Prime Minister’s Office
      • Solar Mission
      • Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
      • Mission on Sustainable Habitat
      • Water Mission
      • Mission for Sustaining Himalayan Ecosystem
      • Mission for Green India
      • Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
      • Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
    • Mission on Sustainable Habitat
      • Extending application of the “Energy Conservation Building Code”
      • Recycling of material and Urban Waste Management
      • Better urban planning and modal shift to public transport
    • National Urban Transport Policy - 2006
      • Integrated land use and transport planning
      • Focus on public transport and NMT
      • Coordinated planning through a Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority
      • Innovative Financing
        • Use land as a resource
        • Greater involvement of the private sector
      • Cleaner fuels
      • Capacity building – demonstration projects
    • National Urban Renewal Mission
      • Established a partnership for the national, provincial and local governments to finance the needed urban infrastructure
      • National government commits $ 12 billion over a 7 year period
      • Linked to prescribed reforms
    • Thus: National Urban Transport Policy National Urban Renewal Mission Established a Framework for action Created an incentive for implementation
    • Unique features of the Indian situation
      • Dominance of 2-wheelers – makes a shift to public transport much more difficult to achieve
      • Rising income creates an urge to own a personal vehicle
      • Poor social image of the bus and cycling
      • Climate and terrain can be constraints for NMT in some cities
    • Public Bus Transport in India Out of 85 cities with over 0.5 million people, only 20 have a structured bus service City population Number Number with formal bus services > 4 million 7 7 1 – 4 million 28 8 0.5 to 1.0 million 50 5 0.1 to 0.5 million 370 NIL
    • Public bus transport in India
      • Largely dominated by state owned monopoly entities
      • Very poor quality buses – image of a poor man ’ s compulsion
      • Services lack customer focus
      • Inadequate capacity
      • Loss making despite prime land
      • In Delhi – sizable segment of net cost private operators – small owners providing highly unsafe services
      • Inability to attract corporate operators
    • Initiatives taken
      • 15 cities plan to introduce modern bus services
        • Indore has been a catalyst
      • BRT in 11 cities - others on the anvil
      • 6 cities planning new metro rail systems
      • National pressure for Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority
      • Comprehensive mobility plan is a must
      • Large capacity building program in the pipeline
        • Training, Education, Legal frameworks, Institutions, standards and manuals
    • Modern bus services
      • Attractive bus
      • Offering value added services
      • Financially sustainable
        • Innovative financing
      • Prioritization
        • Traffic light signaling
        • Road space
    •  
    • Bus Rapid Transit
      • Two cities have started services
      • Severe teething problems but now stabilizing
      • Good learning opportunity for others
        • Need an influential champion
        • Need to avoid haste
        • Lack of capacity – city engineers, consultants, people at large
        • Unique problems need unique solutions
        • Poor Public awareness
        • Adverse impact on the influential section of society
        • Complexity of the design process
        • Value of reliable data
    • Future Outlook
      • Need one successful example to start operations
      • Need to avoid haste – there is still a lot to learn and imbibe
      • Better to have a delayed system than not have one at all
    • Metro rail systems
      • 3 coming up on government financing
      • Others looking at PPP options
      • Hyderabad has created doubts on the PPP option
    • What has been overlooked
      • Simple low cost traffic improvement measures
        • Intersection improvements
        • Segregation of low speed and high speed vehicles
        • One way streets
        • Improved traffic circulation systems
      • Improvement/modernization of existing bus systems
      • Improving facilities for pedestrians and cyclists
    • Main challenges
      • Lack of capacity
      • Inadequate appreciation of holistic planning – tends to be fragmented
      • Fragmented governance
      • Preference for highly visible and high cost investments
      • Lack of a reliable database for credible planning
      • Inadequate contextual research
      Thank You
    •