Cities wri board_presentation_11_mar_2014
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Cities wri board_presentation_11_mar_2014 Cities wri board_presentation_11_mar_2014 Presentation Transcript

  • WHY CITIES NOW? (Photo: EMBARQ Turkey)
  • Looking back… Mexico City BRT
  • National Transport Finance National Urban Development Policy National Transport Policy 1st BRT International Finance Public Space Green Power GHG Accounting HOW DID WE GET HERE? MEXICO BRAZIL INDIA CHINATURKEY Low-Carbon Plan
  • 172 staff in 9 offices in 6 countries 55 Cities of active engagement $20 million annual funding WHAT IS OUR CURRENT CAPACITY? 36 major outcomes
  • WHERE ARE WE TODAY? Mexico team (2013) India team (2012) WRI (Wash., DC) Brazil Turkey China
  • Legend: Proposed deep engagement WRI offices WRI has active projects or has had direct impact
  • 0! 25! 50! 75! 100! 125! 150! 175! 0! 5! 10! 15! 20! 25! 1970! 1975! 1980! 1985! 1990! 1995! 2000! 2005! 2010! CumulativeNumberofCities! NewCities! !   Cities with BRT or busway systems 2010: Guangzhou! 2000: Bogotá (TransMilenio), Colombia! 1974/1991*: Curitiba! source: BRTdata.org, November 2013! 1972/2010*: Lima! * Busway / BRT year commenced! “GAME CHANGERS” – INFLUENCE AT SCALE
  • 36 MAJOR OUTCOMES Qingdao Low-Carbon City Plan (2012) Mexico Urban Development Plan (2013)Chennai Rickshaws (2013)
  • Advice & Products (commercial) •  Consultants •  Infrastructure Providers Finance •  Private Banks •  Development Banks Networks •  City Networks •  Associations Research & Knowledge •  Universities & Thinkers •  Advisors GLOBAL PLAYERS IN CITIES
  • Research & Knowledge •  Universities & Thinkers •  Advisors Advice & Products (commercial) •  Consultants •  Infrastructure Providers Networks •  City Networks •  Associations Finance •  Private Banks •  Development Banks 1.  Global and Local 2.  Independent 3.  Evidence-based tools, advice, research OUR VALUE PROPOSITION
  • Looking forward… BRT Station Naya Raipur, India
  • Light § Policy, finance, research, tool dissemination 200+ cities Targeted: §  1-2 sectors §  Focus on a best practice 30+ cities Deep §  Mexico City, Rio, Bangalore, 1 in China §  Multiple sectors §  Long-term 4+ cities CITY ENGAGEMENT
  • From Today To 2019 Emerging •  Small portfolio of high- impact plans & policy Deepen •  Plans & Zoning •  City Scenarios •  National Policy WHAT WILL CHANGE? Proven Approach •  Game-changing pilots •  Policy, finance, research Enhance •  Tool dissemination One Mature Sector •  Transport Diversify & Integrate •  Transport •  Energy •  Water •  Governance & Adaptation Early Success •  GPC City Watch •  GPC ++ •  AQUEDUCT •  Mobility Watch 1. URBAN DEVELOPMENT 2. SECTORS 3. DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS 4. SCALING UP
  • 1. URBAN DEVELOPMENT: THE CHALLENGE This? Or this? Source: Atlanta Axis database, Barcelona Regional Planning Office pop. 2.8 million 162 sq. km Barcelona pop. 2.5 million 4,380 sq. km Atlanta
  • National Housing Finance Master Plans Zoning Codes Neighborhood Plans 1. URBAN DEVELOPMENT: OUR APPROACH
  • Today 2041 Automobility Sustainable  Transport Population  (millions) 5.4 13.2 13.2 Trips (millions/yr) 5.6 39.75 39.75 Area  (Sq.  Km.) 1330 6484 3242 Emissions (million  Tons  CO2/yr) 0.33 12.32 1.97 Traffic  Fatalities   (per  yr) 175 5,232 1,225 1. URBAN DEVELOPMENT – EX. 1: SCENARIO TOOL Ahmedabad, India: 1 city, 2 futures Today Year 2041 Sprawl Compact Population (M) 5.4 13.2 Area (sq. km) 1,330 6,484 3,242 CO2 (Mt/yr.) 0.3 12.3 2.0 Fatalities (per yr.) 175 5,232 1,225 Infrastructure ($bn 2014-2030) 20 7 vs.
  • 1. URBAN DEVELOPMENT – EX. 2: COMPACT URBAN GROWTH Bangalore, India
  • (Photo: EMBARQ Mexico) 2. SECTORS DO   Transport   Integrated  Transport   Transport  Demand  Management   Mobility  Plans  &  Policy   Climate  &   Energy   GHG  Accoun?ng   Low  Carbon  Planning   Distributed  Clean  Energy   Water   Water  Risk  Management   Water-­‐Energy  Policy   Natural  Infrastructure  
  • 2. SECTORS – EX. 1: AIR POLLUTION & ENERGY (Photo: Reuters) Beijing, China MOU signature Beijing Municipal Commission of Transport
  • 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.5 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.8 Many cities in China are withdrawing water at unsustainable rates Ratio of total local water withdrawal over renewable freshwater supply When the ratio is greater than 1, it means that the city withdraws more water than it’s naturally given supply 2. SECTORS – EX. 2: WATER USAGE unsustainable 1
  • 2. SECTORS – EX. 2: WATER USAGE Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metro area, China
  • October 2011 Launched the GHGP City Project Year 2 (2013): 60+ cities use the GPC to measure emissions Year One (2012) Launched the GPC Pilot Version 1.0 Achieved landmark international consensus on city GHG measurement 200+ citiesadopt the GPC Year 3 (2014): Publish the GPC Final Version Convene 100 cities to adopt the GPC Year 8 (2019): 3. DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS: GPC
  • 3. DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS: AQUEDUCT
  • Year 8 (2019): 3. DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS: URBAN MOBILITY WATCH Example: Accessibility to… Education Health Leisure in meters Mexico City
  • International Finance Research, Tools, & Convening National Policy 4. SCALING UP
  • WHAT WILL CHANGE? From Today To 2019 Institutional Setup City Unit + EMBARQ Center for Sustainable Cities (Integrated Program) Staff 172 280 Annual Funding $20 million $33 million Key Performance Indicators 5 KPIs Expanding
  • WHAT WILL CHANGE: INSTITUTIONAL SET-UP Center for Sustainable Cities Urban Water EMBARQ – Transport – Urban Dev’t Urban Energy – Economics – Adaptation – Governance Other WRI programs Cross-Cut Themes NYC Liaison Office
  • WHAT WILL CHANGE: STAFF Focus Area   Today   2019 Estimate   Urban Development   41   90   Transport   90   105   Energy & Climate   30   40   Water   6   30   Governance & Adaptation   5   15   Total   172 *   280 *   * 80% located in-country
  • WHAT WILL CHANGE: FUNDING (2003-2019)
  • WHAT WILL CHANGE: BUILDING AND EXPANDING KPIs Key Performance Indicators People served Investment leveraged Travel time saved $ Lives saved CO2 avoided Water-stress reducedNEW
  • 280 staff In 9 offices in 6 countries 200 cities Influenced 30+ targeted | 4+ deep $33 million Annual funding 2019 CAPACITY 35 Major new outcomes
  • QUESTIONS FOR WRI BOARD Have we made a persuasive case for establishing the Center and expanding our work on cities? • Is the scope of our strategy and areas of core competencies sufficiently focused? • Have we articulated a clear and distinctive value proposition for WRI’s role in the field of sustainable cities? • Do we have a clear and logical theory for scaling our impact? • Have we developed a robust approach for defining performance metrics and measuring our results?