0
Bus Rapid Transit + Transit Oriented Development = BRT-OD?!

!   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2014!
!   Eric V...
Bus Rapid Transit
BRT
Transit oriented
development TOD

+

= BRT-OD?

TRANSFORMING TRANSPORTATION 2014
Session: Future Lea...
Latin America

Asia

world leader on BRT… emerging leader on BRT
8,165,822 passengers per day

19,542,283 passengers per d...
New view of transit capacity
Passengers / hour direction

Bus Rapid Transit – BRT

3,000 6,000
Bus

© Vergel (2011)

LRT

...
CURITIBA
Brazil 1974
© Vergel (2011)

BOGOTA
Colombia 2000
© Vergel (2011)

QUITO
Ecuador 1996
© Vergel (2011)

Ahmedabad
...
Indore
India 2013

© Latheef (2013)
Transit Oriented Development

TOD

Arlington – Virginia USA

Source: http://sites.arlingtonva.us/rosslynsector/about/plann...
Transit Oriented Development

TOD
Curitiba – Brazil
© IPPUC (2011)
© Vergel (2012)

LAND USE AND
TRANSPORTATION
INTEGRATION?
METHODOLOGY
BRT Stop Jardim Botanico
Curitiba (Brazil)

Block
Quito	
  
Guayaquil	
  

Bogota	
  

Goiânia	
  
Sao	
  Paul...
METHODS FACTOR ANALYSIS
Built
Environment
raw variables

X1……...X38 F1...Fk

X1……...X38

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

O1
La...
METHODS CLUSTER ANALYSIS
BRT STOP TYPOLOGY CONCEPT
BRT
STOP
Type 1

BRT
STOP
Type 2

BRT
STOP
Type 3

BRT
STOP
Type 4

BRT...
BRT TYPOLOGY LATIN AMERICA
1 (n=17)

2 (n=1)

Mean
Factor1
Factor2
Factor4
Factor5
Institutional
BRTO land use
Pop density...
corr
idor

100%
75%
50%
25%
0%
2

3

4

% seg 2-lanes

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

5

6

7

8

% seg 3-lanes

9

10

11

12

BRT

1

%...
100%
75%

Ramapir No Tekra
BRT Stop

50%
25%
0%
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

% seg 2-lanes

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 

10

11

12

13

...
BRT TYPOLOGY

1 (n=1)
BRT-OD LU
Green spaces and parks
Entropy
Segment density
Average block size
Sidewalks

	
  

2 (n=1)...
MR – 9

2013

Shalimar Township

BRT

Vijay Nagar

MR – 9

2009
INDORE
2013

BRT
AHMEDABAD

Sola Cross Roads

ISKON Mandir

Shastrinagar

2008
BRT STOP
TYPE 15
INDIA
“There is affordable housing at Sola Road, Paresnagar, Shastrinagar,
Pratrinagar, these areas, this...
BRT STOP
TYPE 8
INDIA

BRT-­‐OD	
  LU	
  consolidated	
  and	
  connected	
  

-­‐0.94	
  
-­‐0.47	
  

Green	
  spaces	
 ...
BRT

Indian cities are in transition
Latin America is giving us lessons

BRT-OD

What is the “T” in TOD?

Development/Rede...
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Bus Rapid Transit plus Transit Oriented Development - BRT-OD - Erik Vergel-Tovar - UNC Chapel Hill

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Bus Rapid Transit plus Transit Oriented Development - BRT-OD - Erik Vergel-Tovar - UNC Chapel Hill - presented at Transforming Transportation 2014 co-organized by EMBARQ and The World Bank

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  • sir can u pleas tell me how to fix the minimum bus trips in particular corridor in peak hour
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Transcript of "Bus Rapid Transit plus Transit Oriented Development - BRT-OD - Erik Vergel-Tovar - UNC Chapel Hill"

  1. 1. Bus Rapid Transit + Transit Oriented Development = BRT-OD?! !   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2014! !   Eric Vergel-Tovar! !   University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill! Transforming Transportation 2014!
  2. 2. Bus Rapid Transit BRT Transit oriented development TOD + = BRT-OD? TRANSFORMING TRANSPORTATION 2014 Session: Future Leaders in Sustainable Transportation Erik Vergel-Tovar - PhD student UNC-CH Research Fellow EMBARQ India © IPPUC (2011)
  3. 3. Latin America Asia world leader on BRT… emerging leader on BRT 8,165,822 passengers per day 19,542,283 passengers per day 85 BRT 49 BRT 53% 20 BRT Asia 7 BRT 7 BRT 1970s 1980s 33% Latin America Europe/North America/Africa/ Oceania 1990s 2000s 2010s © www.brtdata.org (2014)
  4. 4. New view of transit capacity Passengers / hour direction Bus Rapid Transit – BRT 3,000 6,000 Bus © Vergel (2011) LRT 12,000 25,000 45,000 Metro Source: Bud Rapid transit: a review of recent advances (Lloyd Wright, 2012)
  5. 5. CURITIBA Brazil 1974 © Vergel (2011) BOGOTA Colombia 2000 © Vergel (2011) QUITO Ecuador 1996 © Vergel (2011) Ahmedabad India 2009 Source:  Vergel  (2011)   © Vergel (2013)
  6. 6. Indore India 2013 © Latheef (2013)
  7. 7. Transit Oriented Development TOD Arlington – Virginia USA Source: http://sites.arlingtonva.us/rosslynsector/about/planning-in-arlington/
  8. 8. Transit Oriented Development TOD Curitiba – Brazil © IPPUC (2011)
  9. 9. © Vergel (2012) LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION INTEGRATION?
  10. 10. METHODOLOGY BRT Stop Jardim Botanico Curitiba (Brazil) Block Quito   Guayaquil   Bogota   Goiânia   Sao  Paulo   Curi=ba   Segment BRT Stop (buffer area) © Rodriguez, Vergel (2012) © Rodriguez, Vergel (2012)
  11. 11. METHODS FACTOR ANALYSIS Built Environment raw variables X1……...X38 F1...Fk X1……...X38 •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  O1 Land Use . Building Heights . Density . Development . Building heights . . Public Space . Housing . Parking O82 Sidewalks Data matrix O1 . . . . . . . . O82 Data matrix Built Environment FACTORS Factor Factor Factor Factor Latin America Factor Factor Factor Factor Factor 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 India © Rodriguez, Vergel (2012) © Rodriguez, Vergel (2012)
  12. 12. METHODS CLUSTER ANALYSIS BRT STOP TYPOLOGY CONCEPT BRT STOP Type 1 BRT STOP Type 2 BRT STOP Type 3 BRT STOP Type 4 BRT CORRIDOR BRT CORRIDOR BRT CORRIDOR BRT CORRIDOR © Rodriguez, Vergel (2012)
  13. 13. BRT TYPOLOGY LATIN AMERICA 1 (n=17) 2 (n=1) Mean Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density -0.29 -0.46 -0.58 0.70 0.71 -0.81 -0.15 6 (n=11) Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density 1.87 -2.41 -0.82 0.01 4.63 -1.20 -0.31 Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density   © Rodriguez, Vergel (2012) Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density 0.23 -0.25 0.06 -0.46 -0.46 -0.62 0.73 Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density Mean 0.15 0.17 0.06 0.24 -0.58 -0.33 0.33 9 (n=5) Mean -0.62 -1.05 -0.77 -0.52 -0.52 0.50 -0.84 5 (n=2) Mean 8 (n=16) Mean -0.39 -0.55 -0.39 -0.50 -0.72 -0.07 -0.76 4 (n=12) Mean 7 (n=5) Mean Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density 3 (n=7) Mean Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density 10 (n=5) Mean -0.08 0.84 0.46 0.54 0.17 1.29 -0.16 Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density 4.57 0.52 -0.16 0.33 -0.26 -0.48 2.53 Mean 0.10 1.63 -0.40 -1.35 -0.25 0.13 1.00 Factor1 Factor2 Factor4 Factor5 Institutional BRTO land use Pop density -0.15 -0.51 2.65 -0.75 0.81 0.48 -0.26
  14. 14. corr idor 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% 2 3 4 % seg 2-lanes •  •  •  •  •  5 6 7 8 % seg 3-lanes 9 10 11 12 BRT 1 % seg-peds 12 BRT STOPS 1,114 Segments visited 92.83 segments/BRT stop 316 Blocks visited 26.33 blocks/BRT stop G.P.O. BRT Stop 1.00 0.75 0.50 0.25 0.00 1 2 3 4 5 BRT-oriented land uses 6 7 8 9 10 11 BRT unsupportive land uses 12 BRT Indore
  15. 15. 100% 75% Ramapir No Tekra BRT Stop 50% 25% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 % seg 2-lanes •  •  •  •  •  10 11 12 13 14 % seg 3-lanes 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 % seg-peds 21 BRT STOPS 3,630 Segments visited 172.86 segments/BRT stop 710 Blocks visited 33.81 blocks/BRT stop BRT Ahmedabad 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 BRT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 BRT-oriented land uses 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 BRT unsupportive land uses 20 21 or orrid c
  16. 16. BRT TYPOLOGY 1 (n=1) BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks   2 (n=1) -2.01 -0.69 -0.08 -0.95 1.17 -0.45             BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks       BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks     BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks 0.06 1.14 -0.61 -0.62 -0.10 0.19       BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks     BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks 5 (n=1) 1.47 -1.04 0.56 0.37 0.01 0.97       BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks     BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks 1.38 0.13 0.45 0.59 0.81 0.53   10 (n=3) 0.76 -0.21 1.09 -0.51 -0.07 0.26 -0.34 -1.01 -1.20 0.44 0.76 -1.04     14 (n=1) 0.64 -0.07 -0.82 -0.64 -0.12 -0.02 BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks   9 (n=2) -0.94 -0.47 0.19 -1.35 2.78 1.50 13 (n=2) 0.23 0.39 -0.16 2.27 -1.11 -0.86 4 (n=3) BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks   8 (n=2) -0.13 0.43 -0.07 -0.30 -0.41 0.34 12 (n=2) 0.08 -0.58 1.24 1.51 -1.03 -0.80 BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks   7 (n=7) -1.79 -0.09 0.76 -0.89 0.37 -0.71 11 (n=2) BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks 3 (n=3) -1.67 0.10 0.23 -0.34 -0.74 -0.81   6 (n=2) BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks INDIA 15 (n=1) 0.89 -1.22 -1.53 0.73 -1.16 -1.45     BRT-OD LU Green spaces and parks Entropy Segment density Average block size Sidewalks 0.82 3.46 0.57 0.72 -0.91 0.73    
  17. 17. MR – 9 2013 Shalimar Township BRT Vijay Nagar MR – 9 2009 INDORE
  18. 18. 2013 BRT AHMEDABAD Sola Cross Roads ISKON Mandir Shastrinagar 2008
  19. 19. BRT STOP TYPE 15 INDIA “There is affordable housing at Sola Road, Paresnagar, Shastrinagar, Pratrinagar, these areas, this stretch was built almost 20 years back, more than 20 or 25 years back, which was public housing built by the government” (Land use planner) BRT-­‐OD  LU  consolidated   and  connected   Green  spaces  and  parks   Entropy   Segment  density   0.82 3.46 0.57 0.72 Average  block  size   -0.91 Sidewalks   BRT STOP SHASTRINAGAR 0.73 Mean Values (factors and std variables) AHMEDABAD
  20. 20. BRT STOP TYPE 8 INDIA BRT-­‐OD  LU  consolidated  and  connected   -­‐0.94   -­‐0.47   Green  spaces  and  parks   Entropy   -­‐1.35   0.19   Segment  density   Sidewalks   BRTS STOP ISKON MANDIR AHMEDABAD 2.78   Average  block  size   “Just in front of ISKON Mandir BRT stop one commercial development is being demolished for a commercial redevelopment” (developer) 1.50  
  21. 21. BRT Indian cities are in transition Latin America is giving us lessons BRT-OD What is the “T” in TOD? Development/Redevelopment Public Space and Affordable Housing It is out there! Let’s collect it! © Vergel (2013) DATA
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