BRT Workshop - BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide
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O Centro de Excelência em BRT Across Latitudes and Cultures (ALC-BRT CoE) promoveu o Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Workshop: Experiences and Challenges (Workshop BRT: Experiências e Desafios) dia ...

O Centro de Excelência em BRT Across Latitudes and Cultures (ALC-BRT CoE) promoveu o Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Workshop: Experiences and Challenges (Workshop BRT: Experiências e Desafios) dia 12/07/2013, no Rio de Janeiro. O curso foi organizado pela EMBARQ Brasil, com patrocínio da Fetranspor e da VREF (Volvo Research and Education Foundations).

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  • Finn et. al (2011) reviewed 35 cities applying BHLS concepts and list Paris (TVM), Nantes (Line 4, Busway), Amsterdam (Zuidtangent), Almere (10 lines trunk network), Kent (Fastrack A and B) and Jonkping (Citybussarna) as the most complete or full BHLS
  • Schematic Map of Line 4, crisscrossing the historic downtown and connecting to the international airport.
  • Buenavista Terminal, Connects with Metrobus Line 1 (Insurgentes), Metro Station Buenavista, and Suburban Rail on the eastern edge of downtown.
  • Interior of Metrobus Line 4 Terminal at Buenavita: wide, well lt and signilized
  • The bus fleet includes 8 hybrid (Diesel Electric) and 46 Diesel Euro V low floor buses with air conditioning, advanced vehicle location system and closed circuit TV. It is the most advanced fleet in Latin America.
  • Downtown streets were totally rebuilt to provide safe transit to the new buses and help recover the urban environment
  • CTSEmbarq Mexico helped with the design of icons and signs to provide adequate information to the users. This totem is located at Plaza de la República, whichwastotallyrebuiltcreatinganextraordinarypublicspace in downtownMexico.
  • New shelters and raisedplatformsprovideaccesstothelowfloor buses.
  • Narrowstreetshaveraisedsidewalwalks.
  • Symbol of the BRT systems in China to date? Low demand BRT lane, worse conditions for mixed traffic, and worse conditions for the large majority of bus users in the corridor.

BRT Workshop - BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide Presentation Transcript

  • 1. BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide Dario Hidalgo, PhD Director Research and Practice EMBARQ
  • 2. www.embarq.org
  • 3. Contents Introduction BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide BRT and BHLS in Different Markets Discussion
  • 4. BRT “flexible, rubber-tired form of rapid transit that combines stations, vehicles, services, running ways and information technologies into an integrated system with strong identity” (Levinson et. al, 2003b)
  • 5. Key BRT Components Segregated Busways Stations with prepayment and level boarding Large buses with multiple doors Distinctive Image Centralized Control Macrobús – Guadalajara
  • 6. BHLS “is an urban transport system integrating a bus, but within new conditions providing an increase in performance thanks to a triple optimization of: The internal characteristics of the technical and commercial offer. The integration of this offer into the whole public transport network. The integration of this network into the urban area” (Finn et. al, 2011) Cambridge, UK
  • 7. Key BHLS Components (for better performance) The Busway – Nantes Running ways Stations Vehicles Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), operation management tools Identity of the BHLS scheme BHLS COST
  • 8. BRT, BHLS and busways around the world # of cities and length (km) per country 2 km 320 km 80 km 1 116 6 31 3 1 6 1 17 2 71 13 2 2 2 1 6 1 1 2 1 1 114 2 1 5 1 11 1 3 1 1 159 cities = 278 corridors = 4,077 km 700 km 1 source: BRTdata.org, June 2013 1
  • 9. BRT and busway systems in the world daily demand per region (M pax/day) Latin America and the Caribbean 53 cities 159 corridors 16.54 M pax/day Europe 43 cities 52 corridors 1.68 M pax/day Asia 33 cities 37 corridors 6.28 M pax/day USA and Canada 20 cities 27 corridors 0.85 M pax/day Africa 3 cities 3 corridors 0.24 M pax/day Oceania 7 cities 7 corridors 0.33 M pax/day source: BRTdata.org, June 2013
  • 10. evolution of the # of cities and km per decade Total length Before 1990 (16 cities) 1991 - 2000 (19 cities) 2001 - 2010 (103 cities)507 km 1025 km 3707 km BRT and busway systems in the world Since 2011 (21 cities) 4077 km source: BRTdata.org, June 2013
  • 11. 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 0 5 10 15 20 25 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 CumulativeNumberofCities NewCities Evolution of the number of cities per year BRT and busway systems in the world 2010: Guangzhou, Hefei, Yancheng, Zaozhuang – China; Jaipur - India; Bangkok - Thailand; East London Transit – UK; Barranquilla, Bucaramanga – Colombia; Ecatepec- Mexico; Lima - Peru; Brampton – Canada; … 2000: Bogotá (TransMilenio), Colombia 1974: Curitiba source: BRTdata.org, June 2013
  • 12. Contents Introduction BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide BRT and BHLS in Different Markets Discussion
  • 13. Curitiba, RIT, 72 km median busways 1.2 million passengers per day Initial Bus Corridor 1972 Full BRT in 1982
  • 14. 1. Making buses run like surface metro – Curitiba 1982 median bus-ways longitudinally segregated tube stations with fare prepayment and level access physical and fare integration dispatch control at terminal stations. differentiated services: Expresso, Ligerao, Ligeirinho, Interbairros, Alimentador Special services downtown, hospitals, touristic bus, schools
  • 15. 2010 Evolution of the Integrated Network Source: Prefeitura de Curitiba, Parana
  • 16. “Linha Verde” Curitiba Corredor de 18 Km 2009 Fotos: Prefeitura de Curitiba, Parana
  • 17. Capacity Expansion “Corredor Boqueirao” 2010 Foto:PrefeituradeCuritiba,Parana
  • 18. 2. Implementing buses of high level of service, The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993
  • 19. Implementing buses of high level of service, The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993 Is the most used BHLS 1993 (13 km) and 2007 (7 km) 20 km bus lanes, 95% dedicated, mostly central segregated 29 stations (@ 700m) 39 articulated buses, specially designed and branded for the system
  • 20. Implementing buses of high level of service, The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993 Information systems 23 km/h 17 km/h minimum peak 3.5 min headway (peak) Interval plus 3 minutes for 96% of the pax 66,000 trips/day, growing 7% per year Good integration with pedestrians and rail (4 RER and 1 subway) New vehicle Créalis for the BHLS routes
  • 21. 3. Expanding capacity with advanced operations Bogotá, 2000 Very high capacity 48,000 pphpd
  • 22. Bogotá, TransMilenio, 104 Km busways 2,0 million pax/day
  • 23. Express Way Lanes TransMilenio, Bogota
  • 24. New Fleet of Bi-articulated Buses Euro V Downtown Transit Mall (Eje Ambiental)
  • 25. Fuente:EncuestaAnual“Bogotá¿CómoVamos?”www.eltiempo.com; Normal buses Public Transmilenio Private Walking-Biking
  • 26. Photo:G.Kash,Jully2011 Very high occupancy has become a concern
  • 27. 4. Integrating transit services across modes and services – Santiago 2007
  • 28. Single process (¿big bang?) Fare integration Route optimization Formalization of providers Elimination of “competition on the street”
  • 29. The planning and implementation team was too optimistic – implementation had troubles
  • 30. Despite the initial difficulties, Santiago has risen to a higher level of performance The current system is better than the one it replaced Travel times have reduced Large decreases in emissions Substantial reductions in fatalities and injuries Still a lot to improve Traffic Fatalities in Santiago Source: CONACET 6366 4951 3406 3291 3047 2937 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  • 31. High commercial speed 35 km/h 5. Introducing high speed buses on expressways – Istanbul 2008
  • 32. 52 Km central bus ways on expressway (100% segregated) Long station platforms -90m, separated 1.1 km on average Non-grade queue jumpers to access the Bosphorus Bridge, (mixed traffic) Low floor buses (articulated and bi-articulated) 23,000 passengers/ hour/ direction, 15 sec interval 800,000 passengers/day
  • 33. 35,800 pax/day/km 6. Reducing transfers with direct services – Guangzhou 2010
  • 34. 22.5 km corridor Long stations –from 55m to 260m, with overtaking lanes Combines multiple direct services on the same infrastructure. 27,000 pphpd 350 buses phpd 800,000 passengers per day
  • 35. Contents Introduction BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide BRT and BHLS in Different Markets Discussion
  • 36. 237,000 Pax/día 497,000 Pax/día 552,000 Pax/día 814,000 Pax/día 1,114,000 Pax/día 2003 2005 2008 2009 2011 Optibus Leon, Guanajuatio Length: 26 km Fleet: 61 +Metobus Insurgentes Mexico DF Length: 46 km Fleet: 156 + Metrobus Insurgentes Sur Length: 55 km Fleet: 216 +Macrobus Guadalajara Length: 92 km Fleet: 330 +Mexibus Mexico State Length: 128 km Fleet: 472 1,164,000 Pax/día 2012 + Metrbus Line 4 Length: 156 km Fleet: 526
  • 37. BRT system METROBUS: 95 Km in 7 years
  • 38. Mexico City – Metrobus
  • 39. Metrobus in Numbers
  • 40. CRECIMIENTO DE METROBÚS Line 1 Insurgentes Indios Verdes – Dr. Gálvez 1 2005 - 2006 20 KM. 345 mil pax / day Line 1 (2005)
  • 41. Line 1 Insurgentes Sur Dr. Gálvez - El Caminero 1 2008 10 KM. 70 mil pax / day Line 1 (2008)
  • 42. Line 2 Eje 4 Sur Tacubaya - Tepalcates 1 2008 20 KM. 160 mil pax / day Line 2 (2008)
  • 43. Line 3 Eje 1 Poniente Etiopía - Tenayuca 1 2011 17 KM. 135 mil pax / day Line 3 (2011)
  • 44. Line 4 Buenavista – San Lázaro Airport 2012 28 KM. 50 mil pax / day Line 4 (2012)
  • 45. Metrobus – Centro Histórico (Line 4)
  • 46. http://www.metrobus.df.gob.mx/mapa_L4.html
  • 47. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  • 48. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  • 49. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  • 50. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  • 51. Photo:CTSEMBARQMexico
  • 52. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  • 53. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  • 54. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
  • 55. BRT Chihuahua BRT Mexicali BRT Ecovía Monterrey BRT Chimalhuacán BRT Tampico BRT Acapulco BRT Lechería BRT Tijuana BRT Puebla Metrobus Line 5 BRT Monterrey BRT Villahermosa BRT Cd. Azteca - Tecámac BRT Toluca Authorized Under review Tren Sub 1 Cuautitlán BRT Oaxaca BT Puebla 2 Tren LRT Guadalajara BRT Pachuca BRT Cd Juarez BRT León Under construction BRT systems in Mexico  35 BRT systems:  5 under construction  30 under review / identification
  • 56. 31 Cities in Brazil with BRT and Bus Corridors Belo Horizonte, Blumenau, Brasília, Campinas, Campo Grande, Caxias do Sul, Criciúma, Curitiba, Diadema - São Paulo, Feira de Santana, Fortaleza, Goiania, Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Joinville, João Pessoa, Juiz de Fora, Londrina, Maceió, Mauá – Diadema, Natal, Niteroi, Olinda, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Santos, Sorocaba, Sumaré, São Paulo, Uberlândia
  • 57. Rio de Janeiro 150 km planned 2012-2016
  • 58. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
  • 59. TransOeste Ligerão Currently in operation June 2012 44.5 km of which 36.5 km segregated median busways 42 stations, 2 terminals 91 articulated buses + 16 padron 120,000 pax/day R$ 2.75 (USD 1.36) per trip Project 63 km of which 55 km segregated median busways 57 stations, 3 terminals 220,000 pax/day when connected to Metro in 2016 31 feeder routes, 147 feeder buses Capital investment R$ 1.6 bilion (USD 800 million)
  • 60. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
  • 61. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
  • 62. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
  • 63. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
  • 64. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
  • 65. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
  • 66. Plans in Brazil PAC Big Cites, Copa 2014, Olimpics… Projects/Corridors 108 Cities 32 Km More than 1000 Funding 26,392 million Real 13,196 million USD Demand ~10.0 million people per day Required Buses 16,000 vehicles Source: EMBARQ Brasil
  • 67. Status of BRT cities in India New Delhi Operational (7) Jaipur AhmedabadRajkot Pune Expected to be operational in a year (2) Bhopal Indore Surat Pimpri- Chinchwad Others under construction / DPR approved (5) Kolkata Vishakhapatnam Vijaywada Naya Raipur Hubli-Dharwad DPR / DFR under preparation (5) GuwahatiLucknow Vadodara Bangalore Chennai Prof. H. M. Shivanand
  • 68. Ahmedabad, Janmarg (People´s Way), BRT System Photo: EMBARQ
  • 69. Indore, iBus, BRT System Photo: EMBARQ
  • 70. Indore, iBus, BRT System Photo: EMBARQ
  • 71. Indore, iBus, BRT System Photo: EMBARQ
  • 72. The Newest Kid in the Block: Bhopal Mybus -Trial run July 2013 Photo: EMBARQ
  • 73. The Newest Kid in the Block: Bhopal Mybus -Trial run July 2013 Photo: EMBARQ
  • 74. 15 cities with BRT/Bus Corridors in China, 2 opened in 2012
  • 75. BRT in Hangzhou. Bus and mixed traffic congestion. Buses in and out the BRT corridor ITDP China
  • 76. Largest Station in Guanghzou: 8,500 passenger boardings in a single hour during the morning peak. Station access is via a bridge with escalators, and a pedestrian crossing with refuge islands ITDP China
  • 77. BHLS in Europe Country Cities with BHLS England Cambridge, Crawley, Dartford, Leeds France Lille, Lorient, Lyon, Nantes, Paris, Rennes, Rouen, Toulouse Germany Essen, Hamburg, Oberhausen Ireland Dublin Italy Brescia*, Pisa, Prato Netherlands Alkmaar, Almere, Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Twente, Utrecht Spain Barcelona*, Castellón, Madrid Sweden Gothenburg, Jönköping, Lund, Stockholm Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 78. Nantes – Station and Running Way Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 79. Nantes – BusWay vehicles Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 80. Zuidtangent at Schiphol Airport Source : Stadsregio Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 81. Running way - Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 82. Running way - Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 83. Amsterdam: Hard shoulder reserved for bus Source : COST TU0603 action Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 84. In-street operation – Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 85. Station - Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 86. Bicycle facilities - Amsterdam  Bike’n’Ride  Extensive bike parking  Amsterdam, Almere  Bike on bus is rare O. HEDDEBAUT Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 87. Cambridge : Busway Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 88. Cambridge : Vehicle Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 89. Cambridge : Busway Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 90. Cambridge : Guide wheel for Busway Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 91. Cambridge : Guide wheel and kerb Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Guide Kerb Guide wheel Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 92. Cambridge : Park’n’Ride Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 93. Customer comfort - Cambridge  WiFi on bus  Socket for PC, phone  Leather seats  CCTV for security O. HEDDEBAUT O. HEDDEBAUT O. HEDDEBAUT Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 94. Madrid : Bus/VAO tidal lane Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 95. Hamburg: Line 5 in reserved lane Source : Hamburger Hochbahn AG Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 96. Hamburg: “XXL” bus Source : Hamburger Hochbahn AG Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 97. Oberhausen: Bus and tram on common lane Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
  • 98. Contents Introduction BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide BRT and BHLS in Different Markets Discussion
  • 99. BRT Current Status: 159 worldwide applications; concentration in Latin America, Europe (BHLS), high growth in Asia and the Pacific Innovation continues: adapted to local conditions and needs; new technologies (vehicles and ITS) High performance, low cost, rapid implementation Trend: from corridors to citywide integrated systems Some issues outstanding: reliability, occupancy
  • 100. Discussion Perceived as “low quality”; poor systems for poor cities – planners, decision makers, public Not an industry – disaggregated provision of components Implementation barriers: Reducing the space for cars Lack of knowledge/familiarity by decision makers and transport planners Environmental considerations – air pollution and GHGs User fares and self-sustainability
  • 101. ¡Muchas Gracias!