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BRT in Latin America: The Metrobus Experience
 

BRT in Latin America: The Metrobus Experience

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By Yorgos Voukas. CTS-Mexico, Transport Director. 2011 Sustainable Transport Symposium. Kocaeli, Turkey. April 6-8, 2011.

By Yorgos Voukas. CTS-Mexico, Transport Director. 2011 Sustainable Transport Symposium. Kocaeli, Turkey. April 6-8, 2011.

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  • Por cada recien nacido en el DF se introducen 2 autos nuevos a la ciudad lo cual representa 200 mil autos al año.

BRT in Latin America: The Metrobus Experience BRT in Latin America: The Metrobus Experience Presentation Transcript

  • BRT in Latin America: TheMetrobus experienceYorgosVoukasCTS-Mexico, Transport Director Sürdürülebilir Ulaşım 2011, Kocaeli, April 2011
  • 1. CTS México National NGO, member of the EMBARQ network, presence in many cities, focus on sustainable transport, multidisciplinary team of more than 45 in 2009: ONG Nacional, miembro de la red house professionals EMBARQ, alcance en diversasciudades, enfoquesustentable e integral del transporte, 45 colaboradores de múltiplesdisciplinas
  • Our mission“Catalyze sustainable mobility solutions toimprove the quality of life in Mexicancities.”
  • CTS México promotes:•Integral planning of public transport,housing, non motorized mobility andpublic space.•Development of Communities withlivable environments where mixed landuse makes it easier for people to livein.
  • EMBARQ NETWORK
  • Mexico City: Facts & Figures
  • 73 municipalities Population: 19,239,910 Density: 67 hab/ha Autos: 5,592,293 IM: 291 auto/1000 p Trips per day: 48,804,197 2,172 deaths per year on traffic accidents* *Number 1° in LatinAmericaMEXICO CITY: BASIC DATA
  • For every child that is born in Mexico City, 2 cars enter in traffic; in total? 200,000 autos per yearMEXICO CITY: MOTORIZATION TRENDS
  • Car Ownership 350.0 329.7 Autos/mil hab 300.0 290.7 Motos/mil hab 250.0 200.0 150.0 136.7 100.0 50.0 0.0 Population: 106 millons Autos: 24 millons Motos: 2.4 millonsSource: Observatorio de Movilidad Urbana. CAF. 2009 MOTORIZATION TRENDS LATIN AMERICA
  • CONGESTION
  • Greenhouse Gas Emission are expected to increase from 170million tones of CO2 to 440 million by 2030 if current paternswill not change (MEDEC) EMISSIONS
  • 2,172 deaths per yearfrom road accidents 4,000 heavily injured Externalities: 1.3% ofGDP ACCIDENTS
  • Mexico City: Public Transport
  • Transport systems METRO BUSES – MICRO BUSES 4.5 million pax/day  19,899,500 pax/day 11 lines, aprox. 250 km  54,532 buses Investment 11,851m USD* SUBURBAN RAIL  200,000 pax/day TROLLEY-BUS & LIGHT RAIL  26 km (State of Mex.-DF) 286,000 pax/day METROBUS 13 trolley lines + 1 Light rail  650 000 pass/day line  3 lines Investment 470 m USD*  67 km * Infrastructure  283 articulated buses PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
  • Bicicleta 1% Pie 25% Microbuses / Autobuses 42%Auto17% Taxi Metro 4% Metrobus 10% 1% MODAL SPLIT
  • 2011 - 650,000 pax/day - 67 km - Flat fare: 0,45 usd - No operational subsidies - 100% electronic & prepaid card Connection to 12 Metro lines and the Sub-urban Light RailMETROBUS, DF
  • METROBUS 201167 KILOMETERS, NORTH TO SOUTH235% MORE THAN 2005 EAST TO WEST NORTH TO SOUTH 67 km 50 km 2011 20 km 2008 2005 METROBUS NETWORK
  • 160 PASSENGERS / 18 METERS270 X240 PASSENGERS / 25 METERS13 X 283 228 270 ARTICULATED 2011 13 2010 BI-ARTICULATED 80 2005 BUS FLEET
  • EMISSIONS REDUCTION: TECHNOLOGICAL IMPROVEMENT EURO 0 M icrobuses TECHNOLOGY CHANGE
  • DESTRUCTION OF OBSOLETE UNITS647 MICROBUSES AND 31 BUSES DESTROYED BETWEEN LINES 1 AND 2, IN LINE 3 ITWILL BE DESTROYED 430 MICROBUSES SCRAPPING of MICROBUSES
  • EMISSIONS REDUCTION: MODAL SHIFT Quit using cars in order to travel by Metrobus Over 72,000 people leaving their vehicle every day MODAL SHIFT
  • EMISSIONS REDUCTION: GHG EMISSIONS REDUCTION CARBON CREDITS PERIODEMISSIONS REDUCTIONPAYMENT TO METROBÚS 2005 – 2006 29,177 CO2eqtons121,959 Euros 2006 – 2007 38,210 CO2eqtons159,717 Euros 2007 – 2008 39,870 CO2eqtons166,655 Euros Total 1 0 7 ,2 5 7 CO2 eq tons 4 4 8 ,3 3 1 Eur os EMISSIONS REDUCTION
  • INSTITUTIONAL MODEL
  • Transport operator shares RTP MIV 22% 20% COPSARECSA 5% 8% CTT SA 7% TSAJJ SA 3% CE4 - 17 MSA CISA 7% 28% TRANSPORT OPERATORS. SHARES
  • BeforeMetrobusTRAFFIC DISORDER
  • AfterMetrobusTRAFFIC ORDER
  • BeforeMetrobusTRAVEL CONDITIONS
  • TRAVEL CONDITIONS
  • BeforeMetrobus AVERAGE SPEED: 12 KM / HRTRAFFIC/ CONGESTION
  • AVERAGE SPEED :17 KM / HR SPEED AVERAGE: 20 KM / HR TRAFFIC/ CONGESTION
  • BeforeMetrobusINDIOS VERDES, TERMINAL
  • INDIOS VERDES, TERMINAL
  • INDIOS VERDES, TERMINAL
  • BeforeMetrobusTEPALCATES, TERMINAL
  • BeforeMetrobusTEPALCATES, TERMINAL
  • TEPALCATES, TERMINAL
  • BeforeMetrobus ACCESSIBILITY
  • ACCESSIBILITY
  • FARE COLLECTION SYSTEM
  • Insurgentes Avenue Reduction comparing with Year Accidents recorded previous year 2005 822 2006 381 54% 2007 318 17% 2008 290 9% 2009 182 37% 2010 128 Fuente: Dirección de Ingeniería de Tránsito SSP de la Ciudad de México Datos de accidentes viales en el corredor insurgentes. ACCIDENTS REDUCTION
  • L1 INDIOS VERDES DOCTOR GÁLVEZ EL CAMINERO BEFORE 2 HOURS, 40 MINUTES …TODAY, WITH MB 1 HOUR, 23 MINUTES …50% FASTER!L2 TACUBAYA TEPALCATES BEFORE 2 HOURS …TODAY, WITH MB 60 MINUTOS …45% FASTER!L3 TENAYUCA ETIOPÍA BEFORE 1.7 HOURS …TODAY, WITH MB 60 MINUTOS …40% FASTER! TRAVEL TIME
  • MULTIMODAL INTEGRATION
  • 91%OF MBPASSENGERS CONSIDERS THE SERVICE AS FAST OR VERY FAST Cuarta encuesta de opinión a usuari@s de MB sobre equidad de género; Investigaciones Sociales Asociadas S. C. Septiembre 2009. USER’s OPINION: FASTNESS
  • SECURITY AT MB ¿DO YOU CONDSIDER MBAS A SECURE TRANSPORT? 85% 90% Cuarta encuesta de opinión a usuari@s de MB sobre equidad de género; Investigaciones Sociales Asociadas S. C. Septiembre 2009. USER’s OPINION: SECURITY
  • THE 75%OF MBPASSENGERS QUALIFY AS ABOVE 8 Cuarta encuesta de opinión a usuari@s de MB sobre equidad de género; Investigaciones Sociales Asociadas S. C. Septiembre 2009. USER’s OPINION: OVERALL QUALITY
  • PHASE I (2007 - 2009) 2. INSURGENTES SUR (2007) 3. EJE 4 SUR (2007 - 2008) 4. EJE 3 ORIENTE (2008 - 2009) 5-a. PERIFÉRICO I (2008 - 2009) 6. PROL. DIV. DEL NORTE (2009) PHASE II (2009 - 2011) 7. EJE 1 PONIENTE (2010) 8. EJE 6 SUR (2010) 9. EJE 8 SUR (2011) 5-b. PERIFÉRICO II (2010 - 2011) PHASE III (2011 - 2012) 10. TLAHUAC – CHALCO (2011 - 2012) 5-c. PERIFÉRICO III (2011 - 2012)REFORZAMIENTO STE • EJE CENTRAL • EJE 3 NORTE • EJE 5 NORTE • EJE 8 SUR FUTURE
  • Government Vs Operators: Bus operators Vs Government Bus operators are Administration of transport stubborn, they never agree on authorities changes all the anything time and we have to deal with They have no idea how this new people that know nothing business works about transport The complain all We have 30 years in the time, although they earn big business, they know nothing money about it They never want to invert on They never give to us enough new buses or technologies information How can we make investments if they don’t raise the tariff? COMMON ARGUEMENTS
  • TRANSPORT OPERATOR Fair Business PUBLIC PUBLIC TRANSPORTAUTHORITY RIDER Development, Equity Quality at service SUCCESS
  • BUS OWNER/ BUS OPERATION INDIVIDUAL COMPANIES OPERATOR INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE
  • Regulation at Service Safety and accessibility Organized operation Preventive & centralized maintenance Economies of Scale Financial Solvency Zero cash leakage (due to electronic farecollection) Better working conditions High quality public transport service inaffordable cost BENEFITS OF NEW SCHEME
  • BRT SYSTEM AL 2011 125,000 pass/day 16km 41Articulated buses 104 feeder buses 15 feeder routes 27 Stations Integrated fare Connection with the Light RailMacrobús
  • BeforeMacrobusMACROBUS
  • BeforeMacrobusMACROBUS
  • BeforeMacrobusMACROBUS
  • BeforeMacrobusMACROBUS
  • AfterMacrobusMACROBUS
  • AfterMacrobusMACROBUS
  • AfterMacrobusMACROBUS
  • KOCAELI VISIT AT MEXICO
  • Teşekkürler