SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORTPROJECTGEF-5: A Way ForwardR K SinghDir(UT)Ministry of Urban Development16thApril-2013
SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORTPROJECTThe two main objectives of SUTP are:Strengthening capacity of GOI, Institute of Urban Transport (IUT), andparticipating states and cities in planning, financing, implementing,operating and managing sustainable urban transport systems;andAssisting states and cities in preparing and implementingdemonstration “Green Transport” projects.SUTP is initiated by GoI with the support of the Global EnvironmentFacility (GEF), World Bank and United Nations DevelopmentProgram (UNDP).Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) is the nodal agency for theproject.The implementation of SUTP is planned over the next four years.The total cost of the project is 1427.97 crores.
BACK GROUND6 Achieving sustainable urban transport became a primary objectivewith the adoption of National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) by theGovernment of India (GoI) in 2006. Under the influence of the NUTP and JnNURM initiatives, urbantransport has received considerable attention since 2006. However, ithas been recognized that limited institutional and human capacity inurban transport at both national and local levels is a major constrain. In order to overcome this situation SUTP aims at improving thecapacities of the government officials and decision makers in theurban transport sector to appreciate urban transport in all itsdimensions and develop the skills for undertaking urban transportplanning and management in a holistic and comprehensive manner. The SUTP program under GEF-4 is an outcome of the realization thatit is needed to build capacity for implementing Sustainable UrbanTransport in India.
Baseline of the proposal: JnNURM Project supporting acquisition of bus fleetsfor 61 cities. Rising pollution levels in Indian cities require that efficient and sustainable bustransport is promoted pro-actively. Therefore MoUD along with World Bank hasproposed the project “Promoting Efficient and Sustainable Bus TransportSystem in India” for USD 295.12 M under GEF 5. Objective: Promote a shift from private to public transport by focusing morecomprehensively on city bus transport keeping in view multiple issues such asoperational, financial, regulatory and fiscal constraints. This project will alsofocus on: Common Mobility Card Intelligent Transport System & Passenger Information System National Public Transport Helpline Usage of Hybrid Vehicle 71. Promoting EnergyEfficient &Sustainable City BusSystems (throughWorld Bank)
CONTD.. Current Status: Proposals from all the JnNURM cities were invited and the interested 20 citiesmade a presentation to the Representatives of WB, MoUD, and PMU. After evaluation 10 cities had been short listed for submitting the revisedproposals as per the suggestions provided. Revised proposals received and evaluation under progress. Project Components: Component 1: Technical Assistance on Regulatory, institutional & fiscal issues Component 2: City Demonstration Project –TA & Capacity Building Component 3: City Demonstration Project – Physical Investments GEF grant, Co-financing and Co-funding: Total Project Cost: USD 295.12 M GEF grant: USD 10.12 M WB Loan: 285.00 M The counter-part funding from the Govt. of India and the State Governmentswould be from the funding already provided under the JnNURM-1 scheme aswell as the funding to be provided under the existing schemes of UrbanTransport Planning and Capacity Building and as such no additional fundingwould be required. The expenditure already incurred for procurementof buses under JnNURM-1 is to be treated as counter-part funding byGoI for availing of the World Bank loan.8
CONTD.. Along with improvement in public transport it is also necessary that the use ofgreen transport is promoted concurrently to bring down the pollution levels.Therefore two sustainable urban transport programs are also suggested forimplementation under GEF 5 through UNDP. They are:• Public Bike Sharing Scheme• Transforming Auto rickshaws to “GREEN AUTOS” The estimated cost of the above two green projects will be Rs.618.4 crore(including capacity building component).9
A lot of trips using private modes can be reduced by creating a city-wide cycling infrastructure and integrating it with public modes oftransport. In India, mode share of cycling has declined very rapidly from 30 % in1994 to 11% in 2007-08. Urgent proactive steps need to be taken to reverse this trend.Likely Benefits: Potential impact of each pilot project consisting of 100 stations with2000 cycles will be as follows: Generates 4 million trips in 1 year Saves 2 lakh litres of petrol / Rs.65 lakh in crude imports Reduces Carbon emissions by 500 tons Implementing the pilot project in 7 cities will multiply the savings by7 times. Total estimated cost – Rs.490 crores102. Public Bike Sharing Scheme
Project Costing: Assuming an average of 2000 bicycles are provided at 100 stations in each ofthe first 7 cities of India,Initial cost of introducing ‘Green–BIKES’ = 3500 X 2000 X 100 X 7= Rs.490 crores.In addition:Brand Building and awareness campaign = Rs.10 crores TOTAL COST = RS.500 CRORES Annual cost of replacement of bicycles & operating and maintenancecost including staff cost which will be 25-30% of the capital costapprox., will be covered by nominal bicycle hire charges,membership fee and advertisement revenue.11CONTD..
Auto-rickshaws are low cost shared systems ferrying a large number ofcommuters in many cities. However the entire fleet operates in a disorganizedand unaccountable manner causing much discomfort to the commuters andother stakeholders. A demand response scheduling facility like the ‘radio-taxi’ system for auto-rickshaws has the potential to solve the problem for all the stakeholders. Likely Benefits: Reduce GHG emissions by 20% by drastic reduction in their empty running. Help remove congestion at busy places like Railway Stations, Interchange stations, major busstops, Commercial/Institutional establishments as these autos block the roads waiting forpassengers. The GPS and Computer Controlled Systems will make them safe mode and will restore thefaith of public in these modes thereby increasing the share of Para-transit at the cost ofprivate modes.Total cost – Rs.875 crores123. Transforming Auto Rickshaws toGreen Autos
Project Costing: Assuming an average 5000 Autos in 7 large cities in pilot phase Initial cost of introducing ‘Green–Autos’ = 250000 X 5000 X 7= Rs.875 Crore Annual operating and maintenance including staff cost will be covered byservice charges to be levied on autos and users. The infrastructure cost ofproviding building etc. for setting up the Control Centre is assumed to beborne by the Sate/City Govt. CAPACITY BUILDING:• This will also require capacity building of the staff, training of autorickshaw drivers and raising awareness among the users.13CONTD..
Competitive Process with emphasis on Clear commitment to the project Comprehensive set of modernization measures for fulland visible impact Innovation and adoption of latest techniques andpractices Reform agendaSelection Criteria for Pilot Cities
ROLE OF AUTO-RICKSHAWSAutorickshaws and taxis are an important part of UT.Found in most of the cities.As an IPTfill a critical gap between private and public transportmode.Importance by sheer size of the market. >50000 in Tier I cities (4M+)15000-30000 Tier II (1-4M)Shortcoming:Belong to unrecognised sector which poses many challenges such aslack of brand image, poor public perception, poor quality of service,empty trips , crimes etc.There is a need to have organizational reforms in the form of fleetbased services to address the existing challenges.
OBJECTIVE OF THE PRESENTSESSION:(I) TO DISCUSS THE CURRENTBARRIERS AND OPPORTUNITIES TOPROMOTE ORGANIZATIONALREFORMS THROUGH AUTO-RICKSHAW AND TAXIENTREPRENEURSHIP INITIATIVES.(II) HIGHLIGHT BEST PRACTICESFROM SELECT CITIES.