BRTS in Mumbai - Pawan Mulukutla


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SESSION 2A - ‘Bus Rapid Transit – Stories from 2013

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BRTS in Mumbai - Pawan Mulukutla

  1. 1. BRTS in MumbaiPawan K Mulukutla, Project Manager, Integrated UrbanTransport, EMBARQ India
  2. 2. Significantincrease inpopulationin thewesternand centralsuburbsPopulation Growth (1971 – 2001)
  3. 3. Mode Share by Number of trips- Excluding Walk Trips0%10%20%30%40%50%60%Train Bus Taxi/Rikshaw Two Wheeler Car52%26%9% 8% 5%
  4. 4. A complex city like Mumbai needssustainable transport initiatives that arefrequent, reliable and allows flexibility
  5. 5. Improve connectivity and mobility, in areas of substantialpopulation growth and furtherOptimize the use of existing space through increase incapacity and capabilityStrengthen Existing InstitutionsCan be implemented within a short time periodComplement and support other mass transport initiativesWhy BRTS in Mumbai ?
  6. 6. Vicious CircleLongerCycleTimesLowerFrequencyLower PublicTransportDemandIncreasedPrivateVehicleIncreasedCongestionReducedRevenueCustomerDissatisfaction
  7. 7. Bus service is not reliableFrequent breakdown of the busesSpending 2-3 hours total on traffic everydayEven after paying so heavily, if one would continue to get apoor quality servicePassenger Survey - May 2012
  8. 8. Source: Press-Office ofCity, Munster, Germany
  9. 9. Bus Ridership in Mumbai4641 4143444541 4142384042444648Passengers /day (Lakhs)1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007Source: BEST WorkingPaper, TCS
  10. 10. What can a BRTS do for Mumbai ?Cut down CycleTimes +BetterServiceCustomerSatisfactionIncreasedRidershipReducedPrivateVehicleReducedCongestionIncreasedRevenueBRTS
  11. 11. Proposed BRTSNetworkLine 1: WEH - 24kmLine 2: JVLR - 11kmLine 3: EEH - 23kmLine 4: SCLR - 7kmLine 5: CMLR - 4kmLine 6: LBS - 22kmLine 7: Ghodbunder - 20kmLine 8: Bandra – Sion - 3km114 km Overall Network
  12. 12. Data analysis at WEH
  13. 13. Proposed WEHBRTS NetworkLine 1: WEH – 24 km116 km Overall Network
  14. 14. DAHISARKALANAGARExisting Scenario• 51 Routes• 538 Buses• Long distanceroutes• Very highcycle times• Averagespeeds 8-12kmph duringpeaks
  15. 15. Where do people travel ?WEHOutside0%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%45%50%WEHOutside48%26%20%7%WEHOutside0%10%20%30%40%WEHOutside40%30% 10%20%WEHOutside0%10%20%30%40%WEHOutsi…40%30%20%10%BEST PassengersAutoUsers2W Users
  16. 16. How do people travel ?Cars, 16%Autos, 11%Twowheelers, 10%BESTbuses, 52%Others, 11%Cars, 32%Autos, 21%Twowheelers, 21%BESTbuses, 2%Others, 25%Distribution byCommutersDistribution byVehicles
  17. 17. we need an integratednetwork
  18. 18. Large Stations along the mediansArticulated Buses – high capacityPassing LanePrepayment for ticketsLevel Boarding - Low Floor/High FloorBRTS Components for 21,000 pphpd
  19. 19. QualityThe BRTS will be distinguished for its excellence ininfrastructure, stations, vehicles, technologies andoperations, providing a competitive alternative to motor vehiclesIntegrationThe BRTS will be integrated with other transport modes, particularlywalking, biking, the metro, the regional rail and other bus servicesAND with the developments around itSustainabilityThe BRTS will reduce harmful emissions, provide improved servicefor all road users, and will be cost effectiveSafetyThe BRTS will enhance traffic safety for all roadusers, specially the most vulnerableBRTS Suggested Design Principles
  20. 20. how will these services beoperated ?
  21. 21. DAHISARKALANAGARBus Priority onWEH
  22. 22. DAHISARKALANAGARTrunk-FeederSystem
  23. 23. DAHISARKALANAGARBKCSEEPZBus Priority onWEH with fewFeederSystems
  24. 24. Great Potential (High Ridership of Buses + Autos +Motorcycles)- 21,000 pphpdWestern Express Highway is part of larger system providingnorth-south as well as east-west connectivityPassenger opinion survey emphasized on reliability andneed for reduced travel timesFindings and Recommendations
  25. 25. Traffic Impact Analysis on non-BRTS lanesWeaving Analysis for buses to slip in and out ofBRTS lanesImpact Analysis - Travel times (in-vehicle traveltime, waiting and transferring)Aggregated economic value of travel timeWork in Progress
  26. 26. Detailed analysis of the options best suited to thedemandDefining the Operation PlanDrafting the Concept designOur present efforts are put towards