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Punjab Road Safety and Traffic - Gurmehar Singh
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Punjab Road Safety and Traffic - Gurmehar Singh

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Session 3B - 'Road Safety in Indian Cities'

Session 3B - 'Road Safety in Indian Cities'


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  • 10% Growth in Vehicle average in Punjab but in the year 2004 and 2005 28% new motor vehicle registered. Which is record .the reason was real estate boom…liberal excise policy and privatization in Road sector without Regulatory body.
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    • 1. Punjab Road Safety & Traffic WayAheadGurmehar Singh, Assistant Professor, Regional Institute ofManagement & Technology (RIMT), Punjab
    • 2. Navdeep Asija (Research Scholar, IIT – Delhi) Gurmehar Singh (Assistant Professor, RIMT – Punjab)navdeep.asija@gmail.com | singh@gurmehar.com navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April singh@gurmehar.com 24, 2013
    • 3. Punjab- India navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 4. Transportation and Road SafetyCharacteristics of Punjab Road Transportation System of Punjab is Divided into Three Categories  Urban Transport – Intracity Transport  City/Town to City/Town Transport – Intercity Transport  City to Rural Transport – Mainly Informal (Rural to Rural) About 13 People die everyday on Punjab’s Road 83-85% deaths are occurring at 5% of the road network mainly National Highways, State Highways and Major District Roads. Every fifth Patient in our Hospitals is a Road Accident Victim A total 143 Cities/towns/urban agglomeration in Punjab- Public Transport System available only in 4 cities. About 60 million passenger trips are generated everyday in Punjab. Majority of the passenger trip start and end within the state and only 3-4% of the total traffic is through traffic. Informal Sector Transport is Playing Important Role in Punjab’s Transportation. More than 21 Departments are working in the area of Road Safety – Integration and Accountability navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 Source : http://www.citypopulation.de/India-Punjab.html singh@gurmehar.com
    • 5. Present Road Safety Approach •Road safety is largely Pragmatic preventable and predictable phenomena To •Road Safety is No Accident •Act of GOD? More Scientific navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 6. Understanding Road Crash.. 28-34% Vehicle Humans 8-12% Environment 54-62%Accident is a failure in a subsystem, or the system as awhole that damages one ornavdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 more unit singh@gurmehar.com
    • 7. Hand Railing Design navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 8. Design : Open Drain navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 9. Fixed Hazards in Clear Zone navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 10. Understanding Road Safety in Punjab.. Trends & Practices navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April singh@gurmehar.com 24, 2013
    • 11. Road Fatalities Trend in Punjab (2001-11) 3800 Punjab Infrastructure 3600 Regulatory 3588 Authority -5% 3424 3400 3389 3363 3333Fatal Road Accident Deaths in Punjab 3200 10 3060 3000 Privatization % Started 2800 2793 2690 2638 2655 2600 2580 2400 2200 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Year Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 12. Factor Responsible for Reduction in RoadFatalities Transport Policy Fuel Price Excise Policy Land Price – Land Use Road Infrastructure Enforcement Level Evacuation Mechanism : Post Crash Scenario (108 & 1073) navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 13. Public Transport- State TransportUndertaking (Intercity Travel) Occupancy Ratio : PUNBUS = 100.3% Punjab Roadways : 90.3% 64 Buses Per million Population (Karnataka : 348) Source :Review of the Performance of State Road Transport Undertakings navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 2010-11 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 14. Speed on Punjab State Road Sector Project Source : Consultancy Services for Undertaking Road Surveys for Monitoring and Evaluation of Project Indicators : Punjab Roads and Bridges Development Board 2005 50 2011 Average Journey Speed (km/hr) 45 42.9 43.5 41.6 40 35 30 25 23.9 23.1 22.6 20 15 10 5 0 Upgradation Roads Rehabilitation Roads Periodic Maintenance Roads navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 15. Fuel Pricing/Parking Policy 10% increase in fuel price typically reduces vehicle travel 2-3% (Johansson and Schipper 1997; Goodwin, Dargay and Hanly 2004) so as Crashes and Fatalities. navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 16. Punjab Road NetworkRoad Type Length in State Fatalities Percentage Rural Vs Urban Area Road Fatality RatioNational Highways (NH) 1,739 Kms (2.79%) 36%State Highways (SH) 1,503 Kms (2%) 46% UrbanMajor District Roads 2,107 Kms 1119 35%(MDRs)Other District Roads 4,658 Kms(ODRs) Rural 2087Link Roads (LR) 54,030 Kms 65%(PWD-27,229 Kms, PMB– 26,801 Kms)Total 62,298 Kms 83% navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 17. Traffic on different types of roads & fleet composition in Punjab (2010)100% 390% 15 12 14 1380%70%60% 41 43 41 42 74.150%40%30% 32 35 31 3520% 1010% 5 3 6 3 11 0% National State MDR ODR Modal Share Highways Highways navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 Bus Agro Car/Jeep/Taxi singh@gurmehar.com Truck 2-W LCV, Others
    • 18. Registered Vehicle Vs. Involvement in RoadCrash navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 Tractors, Jeeps and Truck are the vulnerable vehicles (2011) singh@gurmehar.com
    • 19. Road Crash Trends Overturning Overturning Others 1% Head-on Others 1% 25% 19% 27% Head-on 31% Head Tail Collision 15% Pedestrian Pedestrian Side Swipe Head Tail 18% 13% 2% Collision Right Angle Right Angle Side Swipe12% 20% 15% 1% Urban Areas Rural Areas Road Safety Assessment Report- PRBDB navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 20. Health Index Fatality Map-District Wise 2009-11 navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 21. Fatality Rate 2009,2010 & 2011 Fatality Rate 2009 : 133 Fatality Rate 2010 : 124 Fatality Per Fatality Rate 2011 : 122 Million Population navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 22. Fatality Map-District Wise 2009 2010 navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 23. Fatality Map-District Wise 2011 2010 navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 24. Average Consumption of Alcohol by Person above the age of 18. 160.0 140.0 135.8 120.0Number of Bottles Sold 100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 22.2 20.0 11.5 14.7 12.8 0.0 Punjab. Delhi Haryana Himachal Pardesh Chandigarh Average consumption of alcohol by person above the age of 18. navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 Source : People for Transparency, Kamal singh@gurmehar.com
    • 25. Non Motor Transport Motor Vehicles Non-Motor Transport 5,274,254 (2010) 5,71,1715 (2011) – 8% Growth 4,091,480 Animal Driven/Animal Slow MovingHorse Cycles and Rickshaw Cycle RehriPonie Mule Buffalo Cow (Passenge Rickshaw (Four s s Donkey (Male) (Male) Camel r) (Cargo)/Rehri Wheel) Bicycle Total NMT 9648 1631329810 0 23390 85060 0 21610 300000 120000 Unknown 3252000 4,091,480 navdeep.asija@gmail.com |Abstract of Punjab 2013 Source :Statistical Wednesday, April 24, singh@gurmehar.com
    • 26. Enforcement… Traffic Policenavdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, singh@gurmehar.com 2013
    • 27. Multiple agencies Handling Road Safety inthe State-Multidisciplinary Approach State and District Punjab State Road Safety Council Assembly Committee on Road Safety Punjab State Transportation Society Public Works Department (B &R) Health Punjab Infrastructure Development Board Punjab Road & Bridges Development Board Punjab Urban Planning & Development Authority Judiciary Media Punjab Mandi Board and Market Committees Local Bodies Department Road Traffic Injury Punjab Municipal Infrastructure Development Company Prevention State Transport Authority Regional Transport Authority Police PWD/:Local Body Punjab Roadways Punjab State Bus State Management Company Limited Highway Punjab Police (Traffic) Authority Punjab Infrastructure Regulatory Authority Punjab State Health Department navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 28. Challans – Enforcement Drive Type of Challans Number of Challans Amount Collected (Rs) 2010 (Non-Compoundable) 4,96,085 15,35,70,824.00 2010 (Compoundable) 3,10,532 3,30,80,500.00 8,06,637 18,66,51,324.00 2011 6,18,352 16,20,74,960.00 (Non- Compoundable) 2011 3,60,362 3,81,42,540.00 (Compoundable) 9,78,714 20,02,17,500.00 January 2012 to July 2012 4,01,754 12,05,29,483.00 (Non- Compoundable) January 2012 to July 2012 2,30,276 2,97,50,409.00 (Compoundable) 6,32,030 15,02,79,892.00 navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 29. Moving vs. Static Violations Moving Static Stati Violations Violations c Total Challans 9,42,043 (2011) Moving Drink and Drive = 0.2% (1049) Over speeding = 0.5% (2699) navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 30. Database Management : Under Reporting ofDataAmbulance Hospital Data Insurance Police26,000 + 12,000 -Not Available- 21.5% in the case 3389 (Fatal)people evacuated of Cars. Average Total FIRby Ambulances 10% vehicles are Registered : 5731 taking claim back. 6 Lakhs 1 Fatal : 20 Non Fatal Serious : 70 Minor Injured navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 31. Key Interventions Actionsnavdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, singh@gurmehar.com 2013
    • 32. Key Interventions Integral Approach Towards Road Safety- Safety Council Enforcement Agencies Human Resource Development Research and Development Road Safety Database Road Design Standard and Recognizing Non-Motor Transport Legal Framework – State Road Safety Policy Black Spot Improvement- Corridor Approach navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 33. Implementation : Road Safety DatabaseManagement System  www.punjabroadsafety.org navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 34. National Urban Transport Policy-GoI• “Bringing about a more equitable allocation of road space with people, rather than vehicles and by encourage greater use of public transport and non-motorized modes” navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 35. NMT Inclusion : Approach to GoldenTemple, Amritsar- Before navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 36. NMT Inclusion : Approach to GoldenTemple, Amritsar - After navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 37. Near Bharawan Da Dhaba,Amritsar- Present navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 38. Near Bharawan Da Dhaba,Amritsar- After navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 39. NH1-Junction (Sirhand-Patiala) navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 40. More View of NH Junction Improvement navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 41. 6-2 Lane Converging Section navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 42. Night Vision navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 43. Khanpur Junction near Chandigarh Zero Fatality : Three Months Observation One Fatality Per Month navdeep.asija@gmail.com | Wednesday, April 24, 2013 singh@gurmehar.com
    • 44. Thank You! Be the change you want to see in the world!