Francois Bollon - DME: A Sustainable Alternative Fuel for Transportation
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Francois Bollon - DME: A Sustainable Alternative Fuel for Transportation

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Presentation by Francois Bollon titled "DME: A Sustainable Alternative Fuel for Transportation"

Presentation by Francois Bollon titled "DME: A Sustainable Alternative Fuel for Transportation"

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    Francois Bollon - DME: A Sustainable Alternative Fuel for Transportation Francois Bollon - DME: A Sustainable Alternative Fuel for Transportation Presentation Transcript

    • François BOLLON FRMB-Consulting DMEA sustainable alternative fuel for transportation FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012What is Dimethyl Ether (DME)?  Dimethyl Ether (DME) is the simplest ether.  Its formula is CH3-O-CH3  A clean, colorless gas that is easy to liquefy and transport  An environmentally compatible propellant for spray cans  A foaming agent for polystyrene insulating material  A low-boiling solvent, a refrigerant, a fuel for the production of ultra-pure glass Close to LPG but with a good cetane number, DME is considered as a low CO2 fuel, which can be used as a clean burning alternative to LPG, LNG and diesel. FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME properties and benefits FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME properties and benefitsLiquefies at -25°C or under 6 atmospheres ► Can be stored and transported just like LPGHigher cetane number than diesel ► Can be used in diesel enginesCompletely safe with no adverse impacton health ► No problems expanding useHazard equivalent to LPGDecomposes in the atmosphere in several No concern over ozone layer depletion ►ten of hours (alternative to CFCs)No sulfur content No particulate matter (PM) or soot emission ►No direct carbon bonds (CH 3-O-CH3) from combustionLower temperature catalytic reforming ► Better fuel for fuel cellsthan gasoline On net energy content basis: 1.6 kg of DME is equivalent to 1kg of LPG, 1.25 m3 of DME is equivalent to 1 m3 of LPG 1.2 m3 of DME is equivalent to 1 m3 of diesel FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME production Wide range of resource utilization DME can be produced  By methanol dehydration - 2 CH3OH → CH3OCH3 + H2O – the two-steps process (1,4 tons of methanol to produce 1 ton of DME)  Or through direct synthesis – the one-step process. FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • DME industry and SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012development First use as an aerosol propellant (Akzo Nobel) Many companies are interested in DME: Methanex, Total, Volvo truck, Mitsubishi Gas Chemical, ENN, China Energy, Kogas, Aygas, … but China represents most of the DME capacities in the world for DME as fuel. FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME usages FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME as automotive fuelAs an automotive fuel, DME demonstrates a number of significantbenefits: Ultra low exhaust emissions No particulate matter (PM); very low NOx; no SOx) Low CO2 emissions Low engine noise High fuel economy High well-to-wheel efficiency Thermal efficiency equivalent to diesel engine performance Ignition characteristics equivalent to diesel engine performanceThe reduction or elimination of particulate emissions, also commonlyknown as “soot” or black smoke, is an important benefit.A high cetane rating of 60 and a boiling point of -25ºC provide fast FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937fuel/air mixing, reduced ignition delay, and excellent cold starting
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012Japanese DME vehicle tests The Japanese performed some tests of DME for transportation from 2003 to 2007 with 4 DME filling stations. At this period, they made 1,000 km with DME trucks. They created the DME Vehicle Promotion Committee organized by 13 private companies – whose Iwatani, Isuzu, Total Japan, Toyota Tsusho, JFE, Idemitsu Kosan, Japan DME – in March 2006 in order to develop and research DME vehicles operation, DME fuel supply infrastructure and DME distributions and logistics. From 2009, they launched some demonstration of DME Truck for commercial transport operation covering the full chain from production of DME to the utilisation in DME vehicles in Niigata and Kanto regions. Isuzu and Nissan Diesel made DME trucks for commercial use. FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012Japanese DME vehicle tests DME Vehicles Demonstration (commercial use) FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012Chinese DME vehicle tests DME buses tests in Shanghai: the line #147 In 2010 FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012The European Bio-DME project The project was launched in 2008 and is coming to an end in December this year. FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012The European Bio-DME project A consortium of Chemrec, Haldor Topsøe, Volvo, Preem, Total, Delphi and ETC. The project is supported by the Swedish Energy Agency and the EUs Seventh Framework Programme. The total budget is: €28.4 million including EU funding for €8.2 million and the Swedish Energy Agency for €9.5 million. DME produced from black liquor from the paper and pulp mill of Smurfit Kappa in Piteå (North of Sweden) a fleet consisting of 10 Volvo trucks four DME filling stations: Stockholm, Jönköping, Göteborg and Piteå The four-year project has already demonstrated that DME works in daily commercial operations, with 10 Volvo trucks in use by a number of haulage firms already having driven 400,000 km on bio-DME FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012The Spireth project FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012The Spireth project Objectives identify the best and most effective way for the shipping industry to comply with the upcoming regulations regarding emissions Develop and install an onboard process for the conversion of methanol to DME Install auxiliary engine adopted for operation on DME Verify rule compliance, function and endurance Benefits Methanol can be made available in principle everywhere Methanol energy cost lower than for Marine Gas Oil Methanol-DME operation will fulfill tier 3 NOx requirements without after treatment The cost for conversion and/or adaption to methanol is a fraction of the comparable cost for LNG FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012Future of DME fortransportation Opportunities a high cetane number, a quiet combustion a clean burning fuel (no soot, no smoke, no particles and 100% SOx reduction) can be used in conventional diesel engines with a modified fuel injection system. storage tanks same as the ones of LPG for vehicles with small modifications a large market. FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012Future of DME fortransportation Challenges Some technical and regulatory hurdles remain requires some appropriated lubricating agent need probably a specific lubricant viscosity is lower than the one of diesel, we must prevent possible leakage LPG-like infrastructure, which must be set up most of the time from scratch needs governments appropriated government support and–Tel. +33-686075937 . FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM regulations
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012Future of DME fortransportation Driver for DME The big driver for DME today is the tighter emissions control. DME is one of the lowest cost ways to meet the tighter emissions regulations (like the Spireth project). Besides the low cost of the fuel it also allows vehicles, power plants, ships to meet the tighter emission regulations without expensive exhaust gas after- treatment devices. FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012 DME: the cleanest diesel alternativeCetane No. High For diesel engines GTL Diesel Biodiesel DM DME Diesel E Regular Ethanol Gasoline Methanol High Octane Gasoline CNG LPG For gasoline type engines Low Cleanness (PM, S, NOx) High FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME investments and costs DME production costs are presently around USD 540 to 595 per metric ton (whose USD 490 to 545 come from the methanol cost) DME plants: around 15 millions Euro for a capacity of 80,000 tons of DME per year (Europe, Japan or USA - cheaper in China) In the bio-DME project, the cost of a filling station was around €200,000 (instead of €120,000 for a filling station with diesel) Regarding DME trucks, injection equipment and fuel tanks are more expensive but we gain on the lower pressure and the exhaust after- treatment. The real challenge is to get through the “valley of death” (i.e. the initial low volumes) FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME and natural gas As the investments for DME production are much lower than the ones of a LNG chain and as it can be easily stored in LPG storage with few modifications, DME is a good solution for stranded gas DME requires limited capital investment versus LNG, less costs for liquefaction and re-gas, can be used in small quantities and does not need a large consumption base to support the supply. As there is no methane slip compared to LNG so there is less GHG impact FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME versus CNGCNG vehicles suffer from: Reduced compression ratio with lower thermal efficiency High unburned CH4 emissions Combination of high CH4 emissions and reduced efficiency eliminates the H/C ratio benefit of CNG over diesel fuel with respect to CO2 eqv emissions FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012DME versus CNGWhy consider DME for transportation insteadof CNG? Because it makes sense on many levels  Higher energy density than CNG  Will not vent due to evaporation over time  Does not need cryogenic storage  Ease of refueling (no venting, no compressors)  Diesel engine efficiency  Ultra low emissions with simple emissions controls  Represents in most cases an increase in the value of natural gas FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937
    • SIEW - Natural Gas Uses in Transportation – 25 October 2012 François BOLLON FRMB-CONSULTINGContact:FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COMTel. +33-686075937 FRMB@FRMB-CONSULTING.COM –Tel. +33-686075937