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Dom Lavigne - Methanol Fuels: Safe, Efficient, Affordable & Mature

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Presentation by Dom Lavigne titled "Methanol Fuels: Safe, Efficient, Affordable & Mature"

Presentation by Dom Lavigne titled "Methanol Fuels: Safe, Efficient, Affordable & Mature"

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  • Another take on this with a bit more detail.
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    • 1. Dom LaVigne Director, Government & Public Affairs (AP/ME) Methanol Institute SingaporeMethanol Fuels: Safe, Efficient,Affordable, and Mature
    • 2. Overview About MI Methanol Basics Methanol as a Transportation Fuel Global Public Policy Experiences
    • 3. Methanol Basics About MI
    • 4. About MI • Members include: – World’s leading methanol producers; – Distributors; and – Technology companies. • Provides market support: – To traditional markets & derivatives; – Leads the development of new emerging markets and applications; and – Delivers safe handling tools to global distribution chain. 4
    • 5. About MI: 2012 Members Oman Methanol Company METORRaymond James Forum 5 5October 6, 2009
    • 6. Methanol BasicsMethanol Basics
    • 7.  The simplest of all alcohols CH3OH  A pure clean burning liquid fuel with the highest available hydrogen to carbon ratio  A high octane blending component for gasoline  A globally marketed commodity with a distributionMethanol Basics system similar to gasoline  A fuel made from non-petroleum feedstocks, such as natural gas, coal and residue/biomass/renewable  A much less flammable fuel than gasoline  A fuel competitive with gasoline, and a biofuel competitive with ethanol
    • 8. Methanol Basics: Physical Properties• Name: Methanol • Odor: Faintly sweet alcohol• Chemical Family: Aliphatic • Boiling Point: 148o Alcohol • Freezing Point: -144o• Synonyms: Carbinol; • LEL/UEL: 6% and 36%by volume Methyl Alcohol; Wood in air Alcohol; Wood Spirits • Vapor Density: 1.11 (@60o)• Formula: CH3OH • Vapor Pressure: 1.86 psia (@68o)• CAS #: 67-56-1 • Density: 6.63 lb per gallon• Form: Colorless Liquid • Flammable and Toxic• pH: 7.2• Solubility: 100% 8
    • 9. Methanol Basics: Must Knows of MethanolFlammable Burns with a clear, low heat flame Difficult to see during daylight Impact confined to size of spill Biodegrades quickly Soluble in water Toxic Readily absorbed into the body 9
    • 10. Methanol Basics: Polygeneration Methanol Natural Gas Gasoline Coal Fuels DME Synthesis Gas MTBE Biomass Methanol Olefins Chemicals Formaldehyde CO2 Acetic Acid Fuels Chemicals 10
    • 11. Methanol Basics: Chemical Applications 11
    • 12. Methanol asa Transportation Fuel
    • 13. Methanol Basics: Transportation Fuel Applications Direct Fueling • Blended with gasoline (M3 – M85) • 8 million metric ton annual demand (2.6 billion gallons) • BioMethanol is 2nd Generation biofuelDimethyl Ether• Either DME or BioDME• Can be used neat or blended with propane• Low-carbon, no-sulfur, diesel replacement• Transport market is emerging with partners like Volvo and Nissan. Pilots in EU, Japan and China Biodiesel • Key ingredient in esterfication • Renewable methanol can make ultra-clean biodiesel • Roughly 15-20% of oil source by mass 13
    • 14. Methanol Basics: Transportation Fuel Applications MTBE/BioMTBE • Extensive world markets remain for MTBE • Up to 15% MTBE content allowed in EU, compliance with Renewable Energy Directive with BioMTBE attractiveMethanol-to-Olefins• A 600,000 tonnes/year MTO project requires 1.8m tonnes/year of methanol• MTO eases burden of petroleum supply by diversifying feedstocks for light olefins Methanol-to-Gasoline • ExxonMobil MTG technology produces sulfur-free 92 Research Octane drop in gasoline • Better yields than Fischer-Tropsch fuels at lower costs 14
    • 15. Achieving Transportation Energy PoliciesTwo Basic Approaches • Very expensive vehicle cost Change Electric Cars • Low energy density of batteries and hydrogen • High distribution system cost for electricityTechnology Fuel Cells • Very high costs for hydrogen infrastructure • Useable in existing engines/FFV’s Ethanol • Biomass limit/food vs fuel/ILUC • Wide LCA GHG emissions reduction variations Biodiesel • Better yields expected with second generation biofuels • Useable in existing engines/FFV’s Change Methanol • Cost competitive with gasoline/ethanol Fuel & Biomethanol • Biomethanol - High LCA GHG emissionFeedstock reduction /no competition with food • Useable in existing engines/FFV’s Renewable • From atmospheric CO2 and water Synthetic • Carbon-neutral status reached Methanol • Integration with renewable power 15
    • 16. Gasoline: US$3.69 / gasoline gallon equivalent (gge) Methanol Basics M-85: $3.26 gge E-85: 4.28 gge
    • 17. Global Public Policy Initiatives Methanol Basics
    • 18. U.S. Policy Drivers •Introduced in the House by Reps. Shimkus (R- IL), Engel (D-NY), Bartlett (R-MD) and Israel (D- NY).Open Fuel Standard Act •Introduced in the Senate by Sens. Cantwell (D-• Requires starting in 2014, 50% WA) and Lugar (R-IN). of all new cars warranted to operate on non-petroleum fuels. •Supporters: MI, RFA, US Energy Security Council, Growth Energy, National Biodiesel• Goes up to 80% by 2016, and Board. 95% by 2017. •Detractors: Chamber of Commerce, American• Includes alcohol FFVs, and Petroleum Institute, Alliance of Automobile vehicles running on CNG, propane, plug-in battery Manufacturers. electrics, and fuel cells. 18
    • 19. • In 1988, EPA granted Clean Air ActOCTAMIX Waiver waiver to Texas Methanol Company for OCTAMIX blend of 5% methanol andIn 2012, U.S. EPA approved 2.5% co-solvent (ethanol, butanol,two petitions for the use of pentanols)corrosion inhibitors with • Considered “substantially similar” toOCTAMIX methanol fuel gasoline and will not cause orwaiver. contribute to failure of any emission• Spirit of 21st Century control device• Baker Hughes • Recognition that low-level methanol fuel blends are allowed under U.S. law • For commercial introduction, fuel blend must be registered with EPA • Given constraints of RFS, finding a niche market may be difficult 19
    • 20. Global Methanol Fuel ExperienceEuropean Union  European fuel standards allow up to 3% methanol in gasoline with stabilizing agents  Low concentration methanol blends Lotus Tri-fuel Exige 270E sold in Iceland, UK, Netherlands  Use of methanol in “E85 Flex Fuel Vehicles” (FFV’s) being tested  ~27 million FFV’s globally Flower of Scotland Streamliner 20
    • 21. Global Methanol Fuel Experience China China Methanol Demand 2000 to 2011 (Source: CMAI) 25MILLIONS OF METRIC TONNES (MMT) 20 Energy Demand 15 10 5 Traditional Chemical Demand 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 • Methanol helps China reduce fuel price inflation and be less dependent on foreign energy • M-85 and M-100 standards went into effect on December 1, 2009. M-15 standard in final stages of review, and may be released in Q1 2013. • Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) has launched methanol fuel trials in Shaanxi and Shanxi Provinces and the municipality of Shanghai 21
    • 22. Global Methanol Fuel Experience Asia and Middle East• Israel M15 demonstration underway• ~100kMTA methanol used in Korean fuel additive CENOX• Pakistan govt. and oil companies evaluating M15 to reduce fuel costs• Discussions with govt. on methanol fuels introduction underway in Egypt• M2-M3 trials in Iran• Australia looking at methanol, 10-year excise tax-free holiday 22
    • 23. Dom LaVigneDirector of Government & Thank you! Public Affairs (AP/ME)Methanol Institutedlavigne@methanol.orgwww.methanol.org+65 6325 6300

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