Sandler Presentation

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Sandler Presentation

  1. 1. Green Building: An Introduction EPA Kansas City, KS Science & Technology Center: LEED Gold, Federal Energy Saver Showcase Facility Ken Sandler, US EPA Environmental Law and Policy Review Symposium William & Mary Law School January 30, 2009
  2. 2. Outline of today’s discussion <ul><li>The environmental impact of buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Defining green building </li></ul><ul><li>The components of green </li></ul><ul><li>Green building in the marketplace </li></ul><ul><li>Redefining green building </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Environmental Impact of Buildings <ul><li>Buildings in the U.S. are responsible for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>39 % of our energy use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>69 % of electricity consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>38 % of carbon dioxide emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 % of fresh water consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban runoff = a major threat to water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 2/3rds of non-industrial secondary materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We spend 90% of our time indoors, where air is 2-5x more polluted than outdoors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serious health and productivity impacts </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Defining Green Building <ul><li>Maximizing the efficiency with which buildings use resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>and minimizing their impacts on human health and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>through how we design, construct, operate maintain & reuse buildings and their sites </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Components of Green Building <ul><li>Energy efficiency & renewables </li></ul><ul><li>Water efficiency & stormwater management </li></ul><ul><li>Green materials and products </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable sites </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor environmental quality </li></ul><ul><li>The whole building perspective </li></ul>
  6. 6. Energy EPA Natl. Computer Center, Research Triangle Park, NC: LEED Silver
  7. 7. Energy <ul><li>Goal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significantly reduce energy use and develop cleaner alternatives to fossil fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EPA Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ENERGY STAR www.energystar.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specifications, certification and label for buildings, homes and products for high energy efficiency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Power www.epa.gov/greenpower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Purchasing renewable power through the grid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat Island Reduction www.epa.gov/heatisland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Techniques, like green roofs, to reduce heat islands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean Energy-Environment State & Local http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-programs/state-and-local </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Water EPA New England Regional Lab, Chelmsford, MA: LEED Gold
  9. 9. Water <ul><li>Goal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significantly reduce freshwater use and stormwater runoff </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EPA Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WaterSense www.epa.gov/watersense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water efficient product certification & labelling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Infrastructure epa.gov/npdes/greeninfrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using natural approaches to reducing stormwater runoff (also called Low Impact Development) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Materials & Products Recycled ceiling tiles, floor tiles and carpet used in EPA Kansas City Science & Technology Center
  11. 11. Materials & Products <ul><li>Goal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significantly reduce the lifecycle environmental and health impacts of materials and products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EPA Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction & Demolition Debris www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/debris-new </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approaches to reuse and recycling of this waste </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentally Preferable Products www.epa.gov/oppt/epp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specifications and policies for purchasing products that meet multiple environmental attributes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Sites EPA New England Regional Lab, Chelmsford, MA: LEED Gold
  13. 13. Sites <ul><li>Develop land in ways that preserve and enhance ecosystems and communities </li></ul><ul><li>EPA Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Growth www.epa.gov/smartgrowth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strategies, ordinances, etc. to replace sprawl with livable, walkable, attractive communities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brownfields www.epa.gov/brownfields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grants to clean up and reuse contaminated sites </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) EPA Research Triangle Park, NC Main Building
  15. 15. Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) <ul><li>Goal: Ensure that indoor spaces promote optimal levels of health and performance </li></ul><ul><li>EPA Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indoor Environments www.epa.gov/iaq </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tools for Schools: partnership program for schools to improve their IEQ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Radon: Building or mitigating homes to remove radon (#2 cause of lung cancer) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asthma: educating health providers and patients to reduce indoor asthma triggers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Star Indoor Air Package: specifications for new homes to improve IEQ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Putting It All Together EPA Potomac Yard, Arlington, VA: LEED Gold, ENERGY STAR
  17. 17. The Whole Building Perspective <ul><li>Goal: Make the building work cleanly, efficiently and effectively as a whole system </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. EPA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Building: www.epa.gov/greenbuilding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. Department of Energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency and Renewables: www.eere.energy.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whole Building Design Guide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal sustainable design guidance: http://www.wbdg.org/design/sustainable.php </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Green Building in the Marketplace EPA Region 8 HQ building, Denver: LEED Gold
  19. 19. Early US Milestones <ul><li>1989: American Institute of Architects (AIA) Committee on the Environment formed </li></ul><ul><li>1992: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA and AIA publish Environmental Resource Guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA’s ENERGY STAR program launched </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austin, TX introduces first local green building program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1993: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) founded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greening of the White House </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1998: USGBC’s pilot LEED ( Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design ) version 1.0 introduced </li></ul><ul><li>2000: USGBC’s LEED 2.0 released </li></ul><ul><li>2002: First Greenbuild Convention in Austin, TX </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Green Building Explosion
  21. 21. How the Market Defines Green Building <ul><li>LEED: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Construction, Existing Buildings, Interiors, Core & Shell, Healthcare, Schools, Retail, Homes, Neighborhood Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 categories (+ Innovation Credits) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Sites, Water Efficiency, Energy & Atmosphere, Materials & Resources, Indoor Environmental Quality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prerequisites are required; optional mix of credits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major guidance provided & documentation & third party certification needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credits add up to Certified, Silver, Gold, Platinum </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. How the Market Defines Green Building (cont’d) <ul><li>Green Globes: </li></ul><ul><li>http://thegbi.org/green-globes-tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 Categories: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project Mgmt, Site, Energy, Water, Resources/Materials, Hazardous Materials, Indoor Environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No prerequisites; minimum # of points in each category required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited guidance & documentation, plus third party certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credits add up to 1,2, 3 or 4 Globes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NAHB Green Building Standard: http://nahbrc.org/technical/standards/greenbuilding.aspx </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Residences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Categories: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Site Design, Lot Design, Resource Efficiency, Energy Efficiency, Water Efficiency, Indoor Environmental Quality, O&M & Building Owner Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prerequisites plus minimum # of points in each category required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No certification system currently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credits add up to Bronze, Silver, Gold or Emerald </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Limits to the Market Definition <ul><li>Few prerequisites </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese menus </li></ul><ul><li>Performance often not guaranteed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies showing range of performance results from green buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, what is a green building? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Redefining Green Building EPA New England Regional Lab, Chelmsford, MA: LEED Gold
  25. 25. Redefining Green Building <ul><li>What’s the floor? Efforts to raise building codes to minimum green levels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ASHRAE Standard 189 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASTM Sustainability Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICC and other efforts to green the codes </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. EPA’s Role <ul><li>Strategic goal: Facilitate the mainstream adoption of effective green building practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen foundations of green through work on research, standards & metrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spur adoption through public education, partnerships & leadership by example </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Influence voluntary, consensus-based standards, working with other groups </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in gaps in market definition – what’s the bottom line of green? </li></ul><ul><li>Raising the floor (e.g., 50% C&D recycling) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Thanks for Your Time! Ken Sandler Co-chair, US EPA Green Building Workgroup 202-566-2202 www.epa.gov/greenbuilding

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