Ghg Roundup I

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If you’re like many Albertans, you’re probably asking yourself some pretty important questions about greenhouse gas and climate change.

* What will Copenhagen mean?
* Why is cap and trade controversial?
* What are other places doing to address climate change through law and policy?

Or, maybe you’re not even sure which questions to ask. Whatever the case, let the Environmental Law Centre (ELC) get you started.

Our first session provides a lay audience with the basics. We begin by defining terms: words like “offsets” and “sequestration” that made the newspapers before the law dictionary. Adam will explain options for reducing greenhouse gas, highlighting the difference between “market” schemes and more established means of environmental protection. With choice of tools in hand, we look to who is using what: provincially, nationally, and internationally. Participants should leave understanding the big picture: the role of international agreements, the consequences of emissions trading, and the impact of patchwork law on a global issue.

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Ghg Roundup I

  1. 1. Greenhouse Gas Roundup Adam Driedzic ELC Webinar Staff Counsel 12:00pm, February 10, 2010
  2. 2. Since 1982 Registered Charity Edmonton-based Alberta-wide
  3. 3. Water Land Use Climate Change Cumulative Effects Info-Education Public Participation
  4. 4. “baseline”
  5. 5. “target”
  6. 6. “plan”
  7. 7. “Offsets”
  8. 8. “intensity” vs. “absolute”
  9. 9. “reporting” vs. “reduction”
  10. 10. “compliance” vs. “enforcement”
  11. 11. Baseline ! Target ! Plan: Reporting Reduction • Intensity or absolute? • Offsets? Compliance Enforcement
  12. 12. REGULATION Education voluntary market state court
  13. 13. MARKET INCENTIVE CHARGE Carbon capture grant Carbon tax Green energy fund Cap and Trade
  14. 14. MARKET “CARBON PRICING” Achieving 2050: A carbon pricing policy for Canada, National Roundtable on the Environment and the Economy (2009)
  15. 15. STATE “COMMAND & CONTROL” PROHIBITION ! PENALTY CONDITION ! CONSEQUENCE • Force disclosure • Declare health risk • Fuel standard • Environmental assessment • Authorization condition • Protected area
  16. 16. COURT STATUTE COMMON LAW HUMAN RIGHTS Force action Private tort (no cases) (Friends of the Earth) (Hurricane Katrina) SHAREHOLDER Stop authorization Public Nuisance (Kearl oil sands) (Alaska Natives) (no cases) (Alberta clipper) (Aussie coal mines) Private Agreement (Shell oil sands) Control industry
  17. 17. Climate Change and Emissions Management Act Specified Gas Specified Gas Emitters Regulation Reporting Regulation 100,000 tonnes 50,000 tonnes Targets: No Targets: 1. Intensity now / hard later Inventory only 2. Fixed process exempt 3. “Existing” v. “new” (2000) Compliance: Compliance: 1. Improve efficiency 1. March 31, 2010 2. Pay to fund - $15 / tonne 3. Trade with regulated facility Enforcement: Fines 4. Buy outside offset in Alberta
  18. 18. Turning the Corner proposed CEPA Reduction Regulation Reporting Regulation Major industries 50,000 tonnes Targets: No Targets: 1. intensity now / hard later Inventory only 2. Fixed process exempt 3. “Existing” v. “new” (2004) Compliance: Compliance: 1. Improve efficiency June 1, 2010 2. Pay to fund - $15 / tonne - or direct 3. Trade with regulated facility 4. Buy outside offset in Canada 5. Kyoto CDM 6. Credit for Early Action Enforcement: ______
  19. 19. BASELINE TARGET Over Kyoto 2012 2020 2050 BC 33% 80% Alberta (1) Business 50% Alberta (2) 2005 14% 60-80% SASK 2006 20% MAN 1990 ON* 1990 15% 80% PQ 1990 20% CANADA (Bill) 1990 25% 80% CANADA (kyoto) 1990 6% ---- CANADA (policy) 2006 20% 80% CANADA(Cop15) 2005 17% 60-70% +2.5% USA (congress) 2005 20% 80% --- USA (senate) USA (Cop15) 2005 17% -3%
  20. 20. Reporting Thresholds Tonnes / year WCI 10,000 US (EPA) 25,000 CANADA 50,000 BC 10,000 20,000 25,000 AB 50,000 - was 100,000 SK MN ON 25,000
  21. 21. ALBERTA U.S. BILLS W.C.I. E.U. offsets RGGI B.C. TAX Free permits
  22. 22. Rio UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Stage 1 Stage 2 2008 - 2012 2012 - 20116 Kyoto Marrakesh Copenhagen • Baseline • Target • Plan - compliance • Plan - enforcement - “at stage 2”
  23. 23. Copenhagen Accord Nationally Fast start emission appropriate financing target mitigation
  24. 24. Copenhagen Accord 1. Kyoto CDM 2. Kyoto Joint implementation 3. International offset: (REDD- plus) 4. Domestic sink: LULUCF
  25. 25. Greenhouse Gas Roundup Adam Driedzic ELC Webinar Staff Counsel 12:00pm, February 10, 2010
  26. 26. Library Research & law reform Well site searches Enforcement searches Lawyer referrals
  27. 27. VISIT US 800, 10025 – 106 Street, Edmonton Phone: 780-424-5099 1-800-661-4238 (toll free) E-mail: elc@elc.ab.ca adriedzic@elc.ab.ca Web: www.elc.ab.ca Blog: http://environmentallawcentre.wordpress.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/environmentallawcentre Twitter: https://twitter.com/ELC_Alberta E-mail updates:http://www.elc.ab.ca/pages/home/Notification.aspx
  28. 28. CRA Registration number: 11890 0679 RR0001 tax receipt https://www.elc.ab.ca/pages/SupportELC/default.aspx

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