Innovative Hr Monitor


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Innovative Hr Monitor

  1. 1. ADERY 1 The Future of Physical Education According to the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, “The prevalence of obesity among children aged 6 to 11 more than doubled in the past 20 years, going from 6.5% in 1980 to 17.0% in 2006. The rate among adolescents aged 12 to 19 more than tripled, increasing from 5% to 17.6%. Obesity is the result of caloric imbalance (too few calories expended for the amount of calories consumed) and is mediated by genetics and health.” In order to help prevent childhood obesity, implementation of heart rate monitors in physical education would enhance knowledge and motivate students to develop a more personalized exercise regimen. Physical education is a course that is dedicated to promoting lifelong physical activity. By introducing heart rate monitors to students at the high school level, the emphasis is on student’s individual progress based on the his heart rate zone. Increased understanding of one’s heart rate zone will perpetuate into a lifelong awareness of physical fitness. The use of a heart rate monitor will prove to be an ongoing effective tool to decrease emphasis on the task and increase emphasis on the success of a more productive workout. PROBLEM OF PRACTICE In physical education classes, it is essential to restructure the program in order to meet the fitness needs of each student as an individual. By incorporating heart rate monitors, students will train within their target heart rate zone. Therefore by using the Karvonen method, a mathematical formula used to determine their target heart rate zone, students will be able to monitor their exercise while staying within this range. “The concept is to teach kids to find and stay in their heart- rate zone. (The formula for maximum heart rate is 220 minus your age, so a 15-year-old has a maximum heart rate of 205 beats per minute. In class, the target heart-rate ranges from 60 percent to 80 percent of that maximum, or about 123 to 164 beats per minute.)
  2. 2. ADERY 2 Staying in your target heart rate for at least 20 minutes means a better fat-burning, cardiovascular workout” (Wheeler, 2006, pg1). Using heart rate monitors to help students stay within their target heart rate range, a more effective workout will result. This use of heart rate monitors will benefit the varying athletic abilities found in today’s physical education classrooms. With the implementation of heart rate monitors, students would be measured and assessed in a way that guarantees individualized improvement. A more accurate assessment, giving students immediate feedback, is beneficial in order to meet individualized fitness goals. The use of heart rate monitors is both motivational and healthy. ‘“I think everyone has recognized the dangers of sedentary living and a greater awareness of kids needing to be active,’ Wilson- Graham said. At Antelope Crossing, the heart-rate monitors encourage the school's sixth-, seventh- and eighth-grade students to stay active - - and in their heart-rate zone -- during PE class. Monitors strapped around students' chests wirelessly transmit data to a wristwatch receiver, which displays the heart rate and beeps when it is too fast or too slow. At the end of the class, students either record their heart rates on individual charts or beam the data to a teacher's handheld PC. Students get printouts of their progress, which are included in report cards and information sent home to parents” (Lofing, 2007, pg1). Heart rate monitors are an asset in combating childhood obesity rates while promoting awareness of heart rate levels. Measuring the success of each individual by ensuring they are focused, staying within their range, and attaining a better cardiovascular workout will enable students to lead a healthy lifestyle and workout within their cardiovascular zone. Measuring student success by collecting data would indicate, to the instructor as well as the student, if he or she is within their target heart rate range, or if any modifications should be put in place. Using heart rate monitors would indicate whether students are giving their personal best as it pertains to their body. A measurement of student success would be immediate. The instructor, as well as the watch itself, would give feedback to the student. The wrist watch receiver would indicate to the student
  3. 3. ADERY 3 whether they were within their zone. The monitor will beep if the student’s heart rate is too fast or too slow (as it pertains to their target heart rate zone). The physical educator would then give feedback to the student, expressing what he needs do in order to stay within his target heart range. “‘Instead of ' You need to do eight laps,' it's 'You need to stay in your zone,' said Medina High School physical education teacher Bill Turner. ‘If you stay in your zone, you get your A.’ In the past, teachers could only go by what they saw. Is the kid at the back of the pack even trying? ‘Now we know,’ said Turner's colleague, Chris Hassinger. ‘We know how hard the kid is working now” (Wheeler, 2006, pg 1). Teachers, like Bill Turner, can give constructive feedback to students as to how to stay in their heart rate zone. Without the use of heart rate monitors, the task of helping each student reach their fullest potential is difficult. It is challenging to monitor student progress and effort without the use of heart rate monitors, as teachers can only go by what they observe. Not only does this benefit student fitness goals it enables them to work harder and is a more reliable means of assessment. THE SETTING There are several components necessary in order to guarantee the success of the implementation of heart rate training. As a physical educator, I would be in charge of contacting the appropriate personnel to request the application of heart rate monitors for my program. I would also be responsible for securing funds to enable each student to obtain a heart rate monitor for personal use in my class. Through the support of the physical education department as well as administration, purchasing monitors for student use would be made possible. The learners in my program are students enrolled in grades nine through twelve and are currently taking a physical education course (personal fitness, body conditioning,
  4. 4. ADERY 4 body toning, team sports, and swimming techniques). Their athletic abilities vary, as do their body types. Each student’s academic ability varies from those who have special needs considerations to others who are academically superior. In order to promote a better understanding of the heart rate monitor and its benefits, students will be given opportunities to familiarize themselves with the monitor, so as to correctly use the device and observe their heart rates. Once students become familiar with the heart rate monitor, they will then perform the tasks necessary to keep them in their zone. Once students are in their respective ranges, a more beneficial workout will take place. The physical education environment varies from class to class. Opportunities to utilize heart rate training are in the gymnasium, fitness center, in the pool, or outdoors. Depending on the structure of each course offered would determine where and when the heart rate monitors will be used. TECHNOLOGY –INTERGRATED SOLUTION With the increase in childhood obesity and sedentary lifestyles, implementation of heart rate monitors in the physical education setting would prove to be purposeful. Heart rate monitors would serve as a motivator for students, application of problem solving strategies, as well as an assessment tool. Students will be able to evaluate their progress and as a physical educator, I can assess each of my students in a more objective manner. Strategy teaching and goal-oriented assessment are two of the twelve principles outlined by Jere Brophy, a University Distinguished Professor of teacher education and educational psychology. Brophy has outlined principles of teaching that directly
  5. 5. ADERY 5 correlate to the implementation of heart rate monitors. With the heart rate monitor integration comes utilization of problem solving strategies for students. Students will have to problem solve strategies in order to stay within their target heart rate zone. The activity required for one student to stay in their zone might not resemble the activity that would enable another student to reach the same goal. As stated by Brophy, “General learning and study skills as well as domain-specific skills (such as constructing meaning from text, solving mathematical problems or reasoning scientifically) are most likely to be learned thoroughly and become accessible for application if they are taught as strategies to be brought to bear purposefully….” (Brophy, 1999, pg 25) With the application of heart rate monitors, a purposeful innovation, students will have to learn more about their bodies and heart rate levels in order to stay within their target range. Brophy also expressed that “A well developed curriculum includes strong and functional assessment components. These assessment components are aligned with the curriculum’s goals, and so they are integrated with its content, instructional methods, learning activities, and designed to evaluate progress towards its major intended outcomes” (Brophy, 1999, pg 29). What better functional assessment than the use of a monitors strapped around students' chests wirelessly that is able to transmit data to a wristwatch receiver, which displays the student’s heart rate? Immediate feedback correlates with the goal of staying within one’s heart rate zone as well as improving their fitness. Motivation through heart rate monitors will not only increase fitness levels as well as introduce a piece of technology that can be used to promote lifelong physical activity, it also promotes strategy teaching and goal- oriented assessments. The implementation of this piece of technology will give students a more accurate measurement of their heart rate while it reminds them to stay within their range. In turn, this improves each student’s fitness level by making sure each student’s heart rate is not
  6. 6. ADERY 6 above or below his or her target zone. In other words, if the student is not reaching their target heart rate he or she will need to work harder in order to increase or decrease their beats per minute. BENEFITS OF THE SOLUTION Studies conducted at various schools across the nation have produced results worthy of recognition. Medina High School has successfully taken physical education to the next level. Bill Turner, Medina High School physical education teacher, has proven heart rate monitor implementation a beneficial. “The results -- which make up about 30 percent of the students' grades -- are right there on the watch, as well as the computer screen on Turner's desk. A few clicks of the mouse and Turner pulled up one freshman boy's results, showing that he was in his zone for 14 minutes during a recent class and out of his zone for six minutes” (Wheeler, 2006, pg 1) Mr. Turner was given immediate feedback on his student and could then objectively assess his progress. It was stated by Kert Boedicker, principal, "It's not competing against the other kids, it's competing against yourself. What a healthy perspective for these students to learn: If I can (stay in this zone), I can be physically fit. With this device, it's right there in front of them" (Wheeler, 2006, pg1) With the implementation of heart rate monitors, the focus is on self-improvement rather than competition against other students. With the use of the monitors, each student is competing against himself or herself, striving for self-improvement. Another school that has seen improvements with the heart rate monitor innovation was Antelope Crossing. “Meghan Jinguji, a PE teacher at Antelope Crossing, said she has seen ‘huge improvements in mile times’ as a result of the heart- rate monitors. ‘It's really increased the children's awareness of their bodies,’ she said” (Lofing, 2007, pg 1). It was also expressed that with the increased awareness of physical activity students have
  7. 7. ADERY 7 been more motivated to stay active. One student was quoted by saying "It helps me keep going the whole time," she said. "It's a really good pacer” (Lofing, 2007, pg1). Heart rate monitors are a fun motivational piece of technology that allow students to receive immediate feedback about their fitness levels. As proven by Medina High School and Antelope Crossing, heart rate monitors are a beneficial piece of technology to incorporate into the physical education setting. IMPLICATIONS From researching the topic of heart rate monitors I have come to realize how imperative it is to incorporate heart rate monitors into my pedagogy. Not only does this piece of technology prove to motivate students, it is tied to a goal-oriented assessment as well as allows students to utilize problem solving strategies. The days of measuring effort in physical education classes by being first to the finish line are no longer. All of our students enter the gymnasium with an array of innate physical prowess. Effort can now be determined by the student’s ability to stay in his zone. Student success is measured by self- improvement and self-competition. With the implementation of heart rate monitors, it is a reality that all students strive for their personal best by acquiring the information that will help keep them in their zone and propel them to a healthful future. There is no doubt that every student will enjoy physical education classes more while learning that everyone has what it takes to be a fine athlete. References
  8. 8. ADERY 8 Brophy, J, (1999) Teaching. International Academy of Education and International Bureau of Education. Educational Practices Series-1. CDC: New pulse of PE: Heart-rate monitors motivate kids for exercise at school Niesha Lofing. Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. Washington:May 9, 2007. p. 1 Physical fitness stays in the zone: Medina High School uses heart- rate monitors to measure and grade progress in gym classes Tracy Wheeler. Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. Washington:Dec 5, 2006. p. 1