<ul><li>EITI at crossroads </li></ul><ul><li>Jonas Moberg </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington University  </li></ul><ul><l...
I. the resource curse
1997
December 1999
Petrol is the best  vector of corruption
Petrol is the best  vector of corruption
  “ 2010 examines how the world's poorest societies make the least of their natural resources
<ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Link between resources and conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Link between resources and hum...
    www.eiti.org Governance failure Pressure/attention Investigative reporting Facilitation  Business case for action Nego...
II. Part of the remedy  and a place to start
The EITI provides a forum for dialogue and a platform for broader reforms Oversight by a Multi-Stakeholder Group How the E...
Implementing Countries
<ul><li>31 Implementing Countries  across Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East and Central Asia </li></ul><ul><li>48 m...
46 of the world’s leading oil, gas and mining companies Support the EITI
EITI Implementing countries 31 countries Supporting countries and organisations including the World Bank, AfDB and ADB Civ...
EITI
Chart of original media articles mentioning “Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative” from 1 Jan 2008 – 31 Dec 2009:
 
Dr Peter Eigen, Chairman of the EITI, i nterviewed by Jonathan Charles on the BBC news programme HARDtalk,  November 6, 20...
 
Norway, first OECD reporting country
 
Liberia 2nd report: 4 sectors
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf President of Liberia <ul><li>“ The Liberia EITI is one of the institutional pillars of integrity  an...
Peru 1st Report <ul><li>Covers 4 years, 2004-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting model that differs from other EITI reports: ...
EITI reporting  <ul><li>16 reports published (28 in Jul 09, 44 in Mar 10, Madagascar has produced a pilot report). </li></...
Why governments implement the EITI <ul><li>Enlightened self-interest To prevent corruption To build trust amongst communit...
EITI
The EITI has been politically endorsed by many Governments and in many forums
The AU, EU, UN, G8, G20,..
III. Does we know if it works?
<ul><li>Challenges:  </li></ul><ul><li>- Causality </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives  </li></ul><ul><li>Output/impact </li></...
<ul><li>It can be a platform for long-term reform </li></ul><ul><li>From transparency to accountability  </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Depth – implementation quality </li></ul><ul><li>Width – continued progress with large emerging economies </li></u...
IV. Challenges
Oversight by a Multi-Stakeholder Group 1.Rules and Validation 2.Improved reporting 4 . Civil society participation 6.Impac...
V. Multi-stakeholder governance
  www.eiti.org Governance failure Pressure/attention Investigative reporting Facilitation  Business case for action Negoti...
Multi-stakeholder governance <ul><li>” voluntary” and mandatory - evolution  </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Som...
 
EITI Other Publications ...and video. [email_address]
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Jonas Moberg at GWU Washington DC 4 May 2010

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  • This slide: Key elements in every implementing country (companies disclose, governments disclose), independently and credibly verified and reconciled Process overseen (by multi-stakeholder group of government, companies, civil society), process published  thoroughly discussed [Press again] EITI: forum for dialogue and platform for boarder reforms [Press again] – Example: the government along with stakeholders may decide to work for more transparency: in the award of licensing and contracts, and monitoring of the sector [Press again] – Might push for; more transparency (the distribution of government spending) [Press again] – Link up with other elements of governance (reform of the public financial and budgeting system) These additions; entirely up to them. Blue elements: the EITI ‘core’. Power of the multi-stakeholder process; help focus on ‘governance chain’ in the most need of transparency.
  • Nigeria
  • This slide: Key elements in every implementing country (companies disclose, governments disclose), independently and credibly verified and reconciled Process overseen (by multi-stakeholder group of government, companies, civil society), process published  thoroughly discussed [Press again] EITI: forum for dialogue and platform for boarder reforms [Press again] – Example: the government along with stakeholders may decide to work for more transparency: in the award of licensing and contracts, and monitoring of the sector [Press again] – Might push for; more transparency (the distribution of government spending) [Press again] – Link up with other elements of governance (reform of the public financial and budgeting system) These additions; entirely up to them. Blue elements: the EITI ‘core’. Power of the multi-stakeholder process; help focus on ‘governance chain’ in the most need of transparency.
  • The Liberia story
  • The last question that most of the guide is focused on: Takes the country business manager through the entire EITI process from before country sign-up  to establishment of the process and systems for reporting  to the preparation, publication and dissemination of the data  to the on-going management and review It explains the role that he or she might take in the multi-stakeholder group, how to fill in the reporting templates, and how to support the government to keep the process moving.
  • Jonas Moberg at GWU Washington DC 4 May 2010

    1. 1. <ul><li>EITI at crossroads </li></ul><ul><li>Jonas Moberg </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington University </li></ul><ul><li>May 2010 </li></ul>www.eiti.org
    2. 2. I. the resource curse
    3. 3. 1997
    4. 4. December 1999
    5. 5. Petrol is the best vector of corruption
    6. 6. Petrol is the best vector of corruption
    7. 7.   “ 2010 examines how the world's poorest societies make the least of their natural resources
    8. 8. <ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Link between resources and conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Link between resources and human rights abuses </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch diesease </li></ul>
    9. 9. www.eiti.org Governance failure Pressure/attention Investigative reporting Facilitation Business case for action Negotiation Implementation Quality Assurance Code/standard
    10. 10. II. Part of the remedy and a place to start
    11. 11. The EITI provides a forum for dialogue and a platform for broader reforms Oversight by a Multi-Stakeholder Group How the EITI works Award of licenses & contracts Regulation & monitoring of operations Revenue distribution & management Implementation of sustainable development policies Government Spending Companies disclose payments Government discloses receipt of payments Independent verification of tax & royalty payments ” EITI report”
    12. 12. Implementing Countries
    13. 13. <ul><li>31 Implementing Countries across Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East and Central Asia </li></ul><ul><li>48 major international oil, gas, and mining companies </li></ul><ul><li>80 institutional investors with collective assets of over $16 trillion </li></ul><ul><li>100s of civil society groups and networks – e.g. Publish What You Pay, Open Society/Revenue Watch Institute, Transparency International </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Countries, including Japan, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, the UK and the US </li></ul>EITI in 2010
    14. 14. 46 of the world’s leading oil, gas and mining companies Support the EITI
    15. 15. EITI Implementing countries 31 countries Supporting countries and organisations including the World Bank, AfDB and ADB Civil society organisations hundreds, often through Publish What You Pay Supporting institutional investors 16trillion US in Management Supporting companies 45, including most of the world’s largest EITI International Secretariat Oslo The EITI Board
    16. 16. EITI
    17. 17. Chart of original media articles mentioning “Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative” from 1 Jan 2008 – 31 Dec 2009:
    18. 19. Dr Peter Eigen, Chairman of the EITI, i nterviewed by Jonathan Charles on the BBC news programme HARDtalk, November 6, 2009.
    19. 21. Norway, first OECD reporting country
    20. 23. Liberia 2nd report: 4 sectors
    21. 24. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf President of Liberia <ul><li>“ The Liberia EITI is one of the institutional pillars of integrity anchoring and sustaining the reform agenda of Liberia.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ By promoting better management and use of public resources and discouraging corruption, LEITI … is critical to poverty reduction and social development in Liberia.” </li></ul><ul><li>July 2009, when signing the new LEITI law </li></ul>
    22. 25. Peru 1st Report <ul><li>Covers 4 years, 2004-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting model that differs from other EITI reports: Companies decide disclose data in an aggregated or disaggregated manner </li></ul>
    23. 26. EITI reporting <ul><li>16 reports published (28 in Jul 09, 44 in Mar 10, Madagascar has produced a pilot report). </li></ul><ul><li>11 countries have reported for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>The number of both reports* and reporting countries *(excluding Azerbaijan) has almost doubled. </li></ul><ul><li>The proportion of reports with disaggregated figures have increased, from 20% (5 out of the first 28) to 50% (8 out of the last 16). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    24. 27. Why governments implement the EITI <ul><li>Enlightened self-interest To prevent corruption To build trust amongst communities To attract foreign direct investment To attract leading companies To gain international recognition To improve credit rating </li></ul><ul><li>Encouragement from the international community Development community promoting good governance IMF and others wishing to see improved fiscal management Energy security through transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Encouragement from industry License to operate </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term investment depends on a sound business climate </li></ul>
    25. 28. EITI
    26. 29. The EITI has been politically endorsed by many Governments and in many forums
    27. 30. The AU, EU, UN, G8, G20,..
    28. 31. III. Does we know if it works?
    29. 32. <ul><li>Challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>- Causality </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Output/impact </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>” Emerging anecdotal evidence” </li></ul>
    30. 33. <ul><li>It can be a platform for long-term reform </li></ul><ul><li>From transparency to accountability </li></ul><ul><li>To fight corruption – maybe </li></ul><ul><li>To build trust and confidence - definetely </li></ul>Lessons
    31. 34. <ul><li>Depth – implementation quality </li></ul><ul><li>Width – continued progress with large emerging economies </li></ul>Looking ahead
    32. 35. IV. Challenges
    33. 36. Oversight by a Multi-Stakeholder Group 1.Rules and Validation 2.Improved reporting 4 . Civil society participation 6.Impact 5. Outreach/ expansion <ul><ul><li>3. Incentivising </li></ul></ul>Companies disclose payments Government discloses receipt of payments Independent verification of tax & royalty payments ” EITI report”
    34. 37. V. Multi-stakeholder governance
    35. 38. www.eiti.org Governance failure Pressure/attention Investigative reporting Facilitation Business case for action Negotiation Implementation Quality Assurance Code/standard
    36. 39. Multi-stakeholder governance <ul><li>” voluntary” and mandatory - evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Something for everyone </li></ul><ul><li>High transaction costs – must learn more </li></ul><ul><li>Not a panacea </li></ul><ul><li>Requires leadership </li></ul>
    37. 41. EITI Other Publications ...and video. [email_address]
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