How to find information for your projectsHow to develop an effective search strategy when you need to find information for an essay or projectThe range of resources available and how to use them to find good quality and relevant informationEvaluating information for quality and relevanceManaging referencesResearch from Uni of Huddersfield shows that correlation between library usage and good grades.
Hands on exercise: Sources game.
Magazine (A regular publication aimed at a profession, business or interest....trade/popular)Good:Latest news: events, jobs, products etc, concise info, easy to obtainBad: lacks detail, can be bias, old issues hard to come byStandards (An agreed, often legally binding level of quality or way of doing something....regional, Nat, Internat, profession/sector) Good: Created by experts, confidenceCompany/market research report (Well researched overview of a company or product market. Could contain future trends, financial data, competitors and SWOT analysis)Good: Up-to-date: latest research/data,Insider information: information not freely available elsewhere, objective, accurateBad: Hard to locateWebpageGood: All subjects covered,easy to use,mobileBad: accuracy, no editorial control, anyone can add information, provenanceNewspapersGood: Daily information ie. up-to-date, edited, current issues accessibleBad: Sensationalist, biased (unbalanced), harder to get back issuesConference proceedings (Collofaca papers distributed after a conference, cont the contributions made by researchers, academics etc)Good:Up-to-date: latest research, ideas, thinking on a subject, focussed/specialist, stringent quality controlBad: Too specificJournalsGood: Up-to-date,Focussed: specialist subject areas, qualityBad: Too specificBooksGood: overview,background knowledge, edited/qualityBad:Currency, detailed/specific information
More information about the range of resources available on the Library Subject Guide.
Group discussion:What can you see in the picture…fruitIf type ‘fruit’ into database will get millions of hits, how can you break it down ie. search for something more specific to get more manageable resultsCan you be more specific ie. Type of fruit: apples, oranges, bananas etcLocation: Stall, market, outdoor market, fruit market, BritainDetail: boxes, signs, astroturf, prices, colour of fruit, lights, pound £ signs, special offer etcPeople in background: old, young, male, female > stall holder, customers, browsers etcThink of related subjects eg. retail, commercial, financial, point-of-saleShopping, shops, fish/meat/clothes market, shopping centres, high streetTown, city, centre, British townNutrition: vits and minsAlso: Orange or Blackberry: fruit NOT telephoneApple: fruit NOT computerThinking beyond the obvious, looking for the detail that might make a difference.
2000-2500 words by 14:00 28th NovCarry out a survey of 5 new technologies that may make a major impact on society in the next 20 years.Write a short description of each and select the one that you think will be the most significant, give your reasons and speculate on the possible innovative products or services that may come from it.Survey: view, examination/examine, inspect/inspection, collect information, research, review, measure, assess, scrutinizeNew technologies: tools/machines/techniques/crafts/systems/methods of orgetc, new application of equipment/substances/methods/processes/procedures etc, emrging technologies, new advances, innovation, expanding range of apps, developing technologies, innovation design, engineering/technical innovation etc. Eg. nanotechnology/biotechnology/IT/Cognitive Science etcImpact: effect, impinge, consequences, influence etc.Society: community, groups, cultures, people, humans, lifestyle etc20 years: future, forthcoming, predict/prediction, prospect, forecast, forecast, vision
Next……….. Searching and evaluating information
Need to carry out a literature search:Finding the information available on a subjectFinding information to inform, underpin and shape your researchFinding what has already been written on a subjectAnalyzing, evaluating and making judgements about the info foundIdentifying the main trendsFinding appropriate information: the information needs to be suitable for your needie. right level, current if important, sufficient breadth or detail etc
Show the students how to refine their search using:FTContent typeSubject termsPublication dateLanguage etcHave another go.
Students can also search individual databases.Select ‘Computing science’ for a list of subject specific resources.
CS £1397 IEEE Xplore £61,000 Summon £16kAccess to quality academic information eg. Peer reviewed journal articles, conference proceedings , research etcInformation not available elsewhereUp-to-dateFocussed/specific....not designed to sell you things, search results not sponsoredFull-text accessAccess on/off campusPersonalizeeg. In MyEBSCO, once signerd up you can:Save preferencesOrganise research within foldersShare foldersSave search historyCreate email alerts/Rss feeds for searches and subjectsCan provide citation and journal impact info > more info on next slide
Which articles have cited an earlier articleie. Way of looking forward in the literature-if have found excellent article, can use a citation index to see which articles have subsequently cited it Find articles on similar/related subjects: Citation implies subject relationship, so can find papers on a similar topic without using any keywords or subject termsFind out how many times a paper has been cited ie. gauge the usefulness/quality. esteem of a paperDetermine which are the best journals in your field: citation data used to rank journals within particular subject areas…..useful way of seeing how journals perform in relation to others in the same subject area
Citation data and journal citation reports available from Web of Science (Knowledge).Have a look on Web of Science:Citation infoJournal Citation Reports
Description: Worth Global Style Network Homebuildlife is an online trend forecasting and product design tool for the industrial design, home and interiors market across 16 product categories, including furniture, lighting, textiles, interiors, garden designSubject Scope: Interiors, product design, packaging, texitles, marketing, trends, forecasting, business strategy, trade news, trade shows
Remember more information about searching for information and resources available on LibGuide.
ZetocBL current awareness service - provides access to the British Library's Electronic Table of Contents of around 20.000 current journals and around 16,000 conference proceedings published every yearThe database covers from 1993 to the present, and is updated on a daily basis. It includes current awareness services, so that subscribers can receive notification of relevant new material either from particular journals, authors or on particular subjects (keywords)CituLikeHeadline articles from recent publicationsSome journals publish an electronic table of contents for the most recent issueBrowse all the recent articles in these journals just as if they were on your bookshelf Currently 13507 journals onlineTicTocSearch for 1000s of journal table of contents (TOCs) RSSfeeds by title, subject or publisher, export citations or link to full text, and then save TOCs in your ticTOCs account Also things like Google Alerts and Google Blog Search
Inter Library Loan service: request copies of books and journals not held by MDX. £3 charge. Register as DL first. More info on our website.SCONUL Access http://www.access.sconul.ac.uk/The SCONUL Access Scheme provides reciprocal access and borrowing rights for staff and students to approximately 170 member institutions in the UK. Apply online.Other libraries (specialist, catalogues etc):British Library http://www.bl.uk/COPAChttp://copac.ac.uk/COPAC is a union catalogue that gives access to the merged online catalogues of members of the Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL). Twenty major university libraries currently contribute to COPAC.Search25 http://www.search25.ac.uk/:helps you discover library resources across London and the South East. You can also see where the libraries are and find out how to visit them.SUNCAThttp://www.suncat.ac.uk/SUNCAT, a union catalogue of serials (periodicals) for the UK, is a tool for locating serials held in UK libraries.
How do you decide if the information is any good? Especially important with the Internet.What do you think about this quote?
We’ve looked at the fun resources, now we’re going to look at more traditional resources……Divide class into group and hand out worksheet and 4x items.Discuss. No right or wrong answers. All items found by doing a search on Robots.Which item is most relevant:Journal Article: specialist journal of robots and roboticsBook: broad overview of robots and robotologyWhich item would be no use:Newspaper Article from the SunWebsite (fake)Which item has the most academic authority:Journal Article: peer-reviewed, citations and ref list, biography of authors, etcBook: author has some academic authority (back cover blurb)Are any of the items bias:Newspaper article could be depending on the subjectWebsites can also show bias if created for specific purposeAlso be aware of trade journals that have advertsWhich item is the most current:Journal article: Dec 2009Book: 1984Newspaper article: Nov 2004Website: Oct 2011Would need to continue search.
Take feedback and discuss.Authority : Who is the author? What is their knowledge base/qualifications? How have they carried out their research? Relevance : Is this what I need? Will it answer my question? Is it at the right level?Intent : What is the purpose of information e.g. financial gain, propaganda, academic etc?Objectivity : Balanced view? Opposing views represented? Links to supporting information?Currency: How old is this information? When was it last updated and by whom?
Referencing and Plagiarism libguide includes information on how to reference material correctly.Also information about Plato, LDU support and links to helpsheets.Referencing tutorials available on request.EIS LibGuide bring together all the resources for your subject area.
RefWorks is online software that helps you collect, store and organise the references you use in your work. It makes producing a reference list or bibliography quick and easy. It is web-based, so you can access your references from anywhere, and you will never loose them if your computer fails.
PDE4230 Engineering Innovation Nov 2013
PDE4230 Engineering Innovation
Finding research evidence
http:// unihub.mdx.ac.uk / study / library
In this workshop we will look at...
• How to find information
• Developing an effective search strategy
• Resources available and how to use them
• Evaluating information for quality and relevance
• Managing references
Find out more
MyUniHub > MyStudy > MyLibrary > Library Subject Guides
Thinking about keywords
The real thing
Survey of new technologies
Carry out a survey of 5 new technologies that may
make a major impact on society in the next 20 years
•More specific keywords
So far so good
So far we’ve looked at:
• The range of resources available
• Choosing the right resource
• Coming up with useful keywords
• Searching and evaluating information
myUniHub > My Study > My Library > Summon
Select Summon and search for
information for your project on
myUniHub > My Study > My Library > Databases
Choose subjects for
a list of relevant
Summon and journal databases provide:
• Access to quality information
• Information not available elsewhere
• Full-text access
• Access on/off campus
• Citation and journal impact info
• Which articles have cited an earlier article
• Find articles on similar/related subject
• How many times an article has been cited
• Best journals in your field
Web of Science
MyUniHub > MyStudy > MyLibrary > Databases > W
Imagine you are writing an essay on Robots
Have a look at the 4 items that you have been given and consider
• Which items are the most relevant to your essay?
• Which items would be no use?
• Which item has the most academic authority?
• Which items might have bias?
• Which item is the most current?