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EIP Water Action Group City Blueprints September 2013
 

EIP Water Action Group City Blueprints September 2013

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The City Blueprint for Water is a baseline assessment of the sustainability of water management in a city (or other dominantly urban region). The result allows a city to quickly understand how ...

The City Blueprint for Water is a baseline assessment of the sustainability of water management in a city (or other dominantly urban region). The result allows a city to quickly understand how advanced it is in sustainable water management and enables it to compare its status with other leading cities.

This project is one of nine Action Groups selected by the European Commission as an initial EIP Water Action Group.

Sixteen cities/regions have participated so far (August 2013) and many others are being approached. This is an opportunity to take part in a new and innovative programme to help improve city-level water stewardship, in the spirit of smart and sustainable cities.
The basic output is a simple radar chart as shown in the example from Melbourne at the top of this page. The chart provides a quick visual representation of the city’s water stewardship status, and is a tool for easy comparison between cities. It covers 24 key water-related subject areas, such as water footprint, water scarcity, water quality, drinking water availability and wastewater management.

A City Blueprint is just the first step on a journey of communication and cooperation between cities. A key intention is to encourage cities to share their best practices with others, and for all to improve. A website will be developed to facilitate this. All cities are different. Some are advanced in a few or many subject areas. Some have much work to do. The aim is not to highlight failings, but instead to help a city identify areas of focus for improvement, and to learn from the best practices of others, as well as demonstrating and sharing their own best practices.

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    EIP Water Action Group City Blueprints September 2013 EIP Water Action Group City Blueprints September 2013 Presentation Transcript

    • Sharing best practices on Urban Water Cycle Services – Improving Implementation Capacities of Cities and Regions CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • “The water crisis is a crisis in governance. We will promote better water governance arrangements and transparency, building on stronger partnerships between governments, civil society and the private sector.” Former EU Commission President Romano Prodi at the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • URGENCY Competing demands for scarce water resources may lead to an estimated 40% supply shortage by 2030. Source: 2030 Water Resources Group (2009) CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • 1. WHY CITIES? CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • WHY CITIES? Cities are concentrated centers of production, consumption and waste disposal that drive land change and a host of global environmental problems and are highly dependent on other cities and hinterlands to supply materials (including water), energy, and to dispose waste. Sources: Grimm et al., 2008. Science 319 (5864), 756-760. Bai, 2007. Journal of Industrial Ecology 11, 1-6. Engel et al., 2011. World Wildlife Fund, Germany. CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • URBANISATION Urban areas of the world are expected to absorb all the population growth expected over the next four decades. By 2050, urban dwellers will likely account for 86 % of the population in the more developed regions and for 64 % of that in the less developed regions CLIMATE CHANGE Climate change may worsen water services and quality of life in cities. WATER USE AND SCARCITY Water withdrawals have tripled over the last 50 years. In 2030, there will be a 40% supply shortage of water. SANITATION Currently, 2.5 billion people are without improved sanitation facilities. HUMAN HEALTH Currently, 3.4 million people - mostly children – die from water-borne diseases every year. HAZARDS Water-related hazards account for 90% of all natural hazards. CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • MAKING URBAN INFRASTRUCTURES MORE SUSTAINABLE TO HELP DRIVE A GREEN ECONOMY An estimated US$ 41 trillion is required to refurbish the old and build new urban infrastructures over the period 2005–2030:  $22.6 trillion for water systems  $9 trillion for energy  $7.8 trillion for road and rail infrastructure  $1.6 trillion for air- and sea-ports  1 trillion means 1 thousand billions (1012) Source: UNEP City-level decoupling, 2013 CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • GOVERNANCE: PEOPLE MATTER Governance has emerged as a concept in political science, sustainability science and other fields as a response to the growing awareness that governments are no longer the only relevant actors when it comes to the management of societal issues. (Lange et al., 2013) As stated in the report of the European Green City Index (2009) about three-quarters of the existing technological changes that would help London to meet its long-term carbon reduction targets depended on the decisions of citizens or companies, not of governments. Public participation, i.e. the engagement of individuals with societies around them — or the strength of civil society in a city — has a strong link to environmental performance (see next slide). CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • TITLE IN VERDANA, 20-28, BOLD Text in Verdana, bold, 16-24 “Quote in Italics’ Smaller text, sources, explanations etc., in Verdana, 12 or 14 CITY BLUEPRINTS Source: European Green City Index, 2009
    • WATER SUPPLY: A GLOBAL RISK Recently, the World Economic Forum identified the water supply crisis as one of the top five global risks for both the impact and likelihood. This is caused by the decline in the quality and quantity of fresh water combined with increased competition among resource-intensive systems, such as food and energy production. Source: World Economic Forum, 2013 CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • WHY CITIES? THINK GLOBALLY, ACT LOCALLY 1. Cities are the major problem holders 2. Active civil societies incl. the private sector with visionary local government can cope with water challenges 3. It requires a bottom-up approach and collaboration among cities and regions by sharing best practices (communication and collaboration on implementation) CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • 2. GOAL? CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • TOWARDS TRANSITIONS OF CITIES URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT TRANSITIONS FRAMEWORK (SOURCE: BROWN ET AL. 2009) CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • 3. HOW? CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • EARLY INVOLVEMENT OF STAKEHOLDERS Source: ICLEI/SWITCH CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • PLANNING CYCLE ACCORDING TO SWITCH (MANAGING WATER IN THE CITY OF THE FUTURE) CITY BLUEPRINTS Source: ICLEI/SWITCH
    • PROPOSED EIP WATER ACTION: FACILITATE STRATEGIC PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION 1. Baseline assessment (City Blueprint) 2. Inventory of best practices of cities 3. Blue City Website for sharing best practices and state-of- the art technologies applied in cities 4. Blue City Award (annual ceremony hosted by the European Commission) 5. Blue Friend labels for industries and their products contributing to cost-effective improvements in UWCS CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • 4. THE BASELINE ASSESSMENT CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • CITY BLUEPRINTS EXAMPLES: 1. Dar es Salaam (BCI: 4.01) 2. Bucharest (BCI: 5.18) 3. Reggio Emilia (BCI: 6.60) 4. Hamburg (BCI: 7.72) BCI = Blue City Indicator: Arithmetic mean of 24 indicators from 0 to 10
    • Dar es Salaam (4.01) CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • Bucharest (5.18) CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • Reggio Emilia (6.60) CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • Hamburg (7.72) CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • There is a positive relation between the Blue City Index (BCI) and the:  Voluntary Participation Index (r = 0.727)  UWCS ambitions and measures (r = 0.904)  GDP according to IMF (r = 0.927)  Government effectiveness – World Bank (r = 0.927)  Number of Happy Life Years - Erasmus Univ. (r = 0.950) Where, r is the Pearson correlation coefficient RESULTS FOR ELEVEN CITIES/REGIONS CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • Algarve (ALG; Portugal) Amsterdam (AMS; The Netherlands) Athens (ATH; Greece) Bucharest (BUC; Romania) Dar es Salaam (DAR; Tanzania) Hamburg (HAM; Germany) Kilamba Kiaxi (KIL; Angola) Oslo (OSL; Norway) Rotterdam (ROT; The Netherlands) Reggio Emilia (REG; Italy) Cities of Scotland (SCO; UK) Venlo (The Netherlands) Maastricht (The Netherlands) Melbourne (Australia) 15 CITIES HAVE PARTICIPATED SO FAR (JULY 2013) Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • 5. MOST IMPORTANT CONCLUSION: THE GREAT POTENTIAL OF SHARING BEST PRACTICES AMONG CITIES CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • CITY BLUEPRINTS SHARING BEST PRACTICES E.g.: ENERGY NEUTRAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT FACILITY IN THE CITY OF HAMBURG (GERMANY)
    • IMPLEMENTATION MATTERS: THE RESULT OF COMBINING BEST PRACTICES IN 11 CITIES – BLUE CITIES CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • 1. Megatrends (e.g. population growth, pollution, climate change) pose urgent water challenges in cities. 2. The City Blueprint is a quick scan to benchmark UWCS. 3. City Blueprints can be used to communicate a city’s UWCS and select:  appropriate supply and sanitation strategies.  (non) technological options as future alternatives.  measures for short-term and long-term investments. 4. The BCI correlates positively with the VPI, GDP, UWCS ambitions in cities, Government Effectiveness and Happy Life Years. 5. Cities are problem holders; they can learn from each other and become part of the UWCS solutions. 6. Blue friend labels for industries and their technologies and products that contribute to the improvement of UWCS. 7. Need an EIP Action Group on Cities CONCLUSIONS CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • 1. EIP-Water Action Group on governance (City Blueprints) 2. Extension of work on European Cities (assessment of at least ten more cities in 2013) 3. Sharing best practices among cities 4. Workshop with EIP stakeholders (November) 5. Setting up a Blue City Website NEXT STEPS CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • PARTNERS NETWERC H2O (EU) – KWR WATER CYCLE RESEARCH INSTITUTE (THE NETHERLANDS) – FUNDACIÓ CTM CENTRE TECNOLÒGIC (SPAIN) - ADVENTECH (PORTUGAL) – COPERNICUS INSTITUTE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (UNIVERSITY OF UTRECHT) – SIEMENS (THE NETHERLANDS) – ERRIN (EU) – RED ARAGON 7 PM (SPAIN) – ZINNAE (SPAIN) – AMGA (ITALY) – PARAGON EUROPE (MALTA) – USBMA (MOROCCO) – REGIONE PUGLIA (ITALY) – ACQUEDOTTO PUGLIESE (ITALY) – AUTORITA’ IDRICA PUGLIESE (ITALY) – DE MONTFORT UNIVERSITY (UNITED KINGDOM) –WITTEVEEN EN BOS (THE NETHERLANDS) – DELTARES (THE NETHERLANDS) – ENEA (ITALY) – REDINN (ITALY) - LEITAT (SPAIN) – DEMOWARE CONSORTIUM (EU) – WORLD BANK (THE USA) – REGIONE TOSCANA (ITALY) – MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND WATER (STATE OF ISRAEL) – EASTON WATER CONSULTING (BELGIUM) PLEASE PARTICIPATE AND CONTACT US CITY BLUEPRINTS Improving Implementation Capacities of Cities and Regions by sharing best practices on Urban Water Cycle Services
    • Richard Elelman Head of Public Administrations at Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic and Administrative Director of NETWERC H2O Av. Bases de Manresa, 1. 08242 Manresa, Spain T +34 93 877 7373 F +34 93 877 73 74 M +34 608 54 55 28 E richard.elelman@ctm.com.es W www.ctm.com.es / www.netwerch2o.eu Skype: richardelelman Cornelis Johannes (Kees) van Leeuwen Chair Water Management and Urban Development Principal Scientist at KWR Watercycle Research Institute P.O. Box 1072, 3430 BB Nieuwegein The Netherlands T +31 30 6069617 F +31 30 6061165 M +31 652041795 E kees.van.leeuwen@kwrwater.nl W www.kwrwater.nl Skype: leeuwke47 POLITICAL COORDINATOR TECHNICAL COORDINATOR CITY BLUEPRINTS Improving Implementation Capacities of Cities and Regions by sharing best practices on Urban Water Cycle Services
    • Most of the work has been carried out within the EU Research Project TRUST (Transitions to the Urban Water Services of Tomorrow). We would like to thank all collaborative teams involved in the assessment of cities by completing the questionnaire for the baseline assessment and their feedback on earlier versions of this document: Helena Lucas, José Gascão, Joaquim Freire, Maria João Freitas, António Jorge Monteiro, Christos Makropoulos, Vittorio Di Federico, Thomas Giese, Kim Augustin, Niles-Peter Bertram,Ingrid Heemskerk, Paulien Hartog, Brian Sewbaks, Jadranka Milina, Rita Ugarelli, Paul Jeffrey, Heather Smith, George Ponton, Colin O’Neill,Gabriela Mercore, Daniel Goedbloed, António Jorge Monteiro and Philipo Chandy. I would also like to thank Marielle van de Zouwen, Jos Frijns, Theo van de Hoven, Peter Dane, Merijn Schriks, Nicoline Scholman, Rui Cunha Marques, Sveinung Sagrov, and the project leader of TRUST, i.e. David Schwesig for their major contributions to the work described in this manuscript. The European Commission is acknowledged for funding TRUST in the 7th Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 265122. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS CITY BLUEPRINTS
    • • Brown, R.R., Keath, N., Wong, T.H.F. ,2009. Urban water management in cities: historical, current and future regimes. Water Sci. Technol. 59,847–855. • European Green City Index 2009., Assessing the environmental impact of Europe’s major cities. A research project conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit. Siemens München, Germany. • Fleming, N., 2008. Understanding ‘what’s really going on’ as a basis for transforming thinking, action and our cities. Paper presented at Enviro 08 Australasia’s Environmental & Sustainability Conference & Exhibition, Melbourne, Australia. • Lange et al., 2013. Governing towards sustainability—Conceptualizing modes of Governance. J. Environmental Policy & Planning 15.3:403-425. • TRUST: http://www.trust-i.net/ and http://www.trust- i.net/downloads/index.php?iddesc=68 • SWITCH: http://www.switchurbanwater.eu/ • Van Leeuwen, C.J., Frijns, J., van Wezel, A., van de Ven, F.H.M. 2012. Water Resources Management 26:2177-2197. • Van Leeuwen, C.J., Chandy, P.C. 2013. The city blueprint: experiences with the implementation of 24 indicators to assess the sustainability of the urban water cycle Water Sci. Technol.: Water Supply 13.3: 769-781. REFERENCES PHOTOGRAPHS: Philip, R. et al., Module 1 - Strategic Planning & Anton, B. et al., Module 2 - Stakeholders, SWITCH Training Kit: IUWM in the City of the Future, published by ICLEI European Secretariat (2011) - www. switchtraining.eu. CITY BLUEPRINTS