Notable Differences Between the Rules of Civil Procedure in Idaho’s State and Federal Courts<br />CLE Presentation Sponsor...
Areas of Significant Difference<br />Complaints and Service<br />Answers<br />Discovery<br />Pre-Discovery Procedures<br /...
Background – Jurisdictions/Divisions<br />Judicial Districts:<br />State: 7 Judicial Districts<br />Federal: 1 Judicial Di...
Background – Judges<br />State:         43 district court judges                     86 magistrate judges                 ...
Background – Number of Filings<br />Number of Civil Case Filings (2008)<br />State: 9,537<br />Federal: 555<br />
Governing Rules<br />State:<br />IRCP<br />District Local Rules<br />Federal:<br />FRCP<br />District Local Rules<br />ECF...
Filing Documents<br />State:<br />Physical presentment – during normal working hours<br />Facsimile – during normal workin...
Initiation of Action<br />Magistrate Court/Magistrate Judges:<br />State:<br />Magistrate Court Judges – limited to certai...
Initiation of Action - Complaint<br />State:<br />Filing fee:  $88.00<br />Summons Returned Personally or by Facsimile<br ...
Initiation of Action - Service<br />State:<br />Service Deadline = 6 months<br />Avoiding Service:  Defendant can waive se...
Answer<br />State:<br />Deadline = 20 days<br />Filing Fee = $58.00<br />12(b) Defenses = 8 <br />Includes grounds that an...
Discovery<br />Discovery Conference:<br />State:  Not required<br />Federal:  Absolutely required – 26(f) Conference<br />...
Discovery<br />Notice of Service (or Compliance)<br />State:  <br />Required for certain documents<br />Filed with the Cou...
Discovery<br />Depositions:<br />State:  No limit on number<br />Federal:  Limit of 10, no more than 1 per day or no more ...
Discovery<br />Expert Witness Disclosures:<br />State:  Not required absent court order, but information discoverable<br /...
Motion Practice<br />Supporting Memoranda/Briefs:<br />State<br />Optional  [4th District = required]<br />Deadline = 14 d...
Motion Practice<br />Opposing Memoranda/Briefs:<br />State<br />Optional  [4th District = required]<br />Deadline = 7 days...
Motion Practice<br />Supporting Reply Memoranda/Briefs:<br />State<br />Optional<br />Deadline = 2 days before hearing [4t...
Motion Practice<br />Summary Judgment Motions:<br />State<br />Deadline = 60 days before trial or within 7 days from order...
Motion Practice<br />Affidavits, Declarations, & Other Documentary Evidence<br />State<br />Affidavits only (to be on safe...
Motion Practice<br />Courtesy Copies:<br />State:  Not required, but usually appreciated<br />[4th District = required if ...
Motion Practice<br />Hearings<br />State:  Generally expected<br />Federal:  Rare and only when presiding judge determines...
Deadlines<br />Last Day<br />State:  Moved if Sat., Sun., or Holiday<br />Federal:  Moved if Sat., Sun., Holidayor, if to ...
Deadlines<br />Extra Days<br />State:  3 extra days when service by mail<br />Federal:  3 extra days when service by other...
Deadlines<br />Extending Deadlines<br />State:  <br />Before expiration:  By stipulation or by order for cause shown<br />...
Stipulations<br />Approval:<br />State:  Generally treated as joint motion and are not binding on the court<br />Federal: ...
ADR<br />Available Types:<br />State:  Mediation, Arbitration, or (rarely) court-conducted settlement conference<br />Fede...
Jury Trials<br />Number of Jurors<br />State:  <br />District Court:  12, unless parties agree to fewer in open court<br /...
Jury Trials<br />Alternate Jurors<br />State:  May be called, but do not deliberate unless needed to replace excused juror...
Jury Trials – Voir Dire<br />Submitting Questions<br />State: Not submitted beforehand<br />Federal:  Submitted to court n...
Jury Trials – Voir Dire<br />Examination Procedure:<br />State: Court examines first, then Plaintiff’s attorney, then Defe...
Jury Trials – Voir Dire<br />Preemptory Challenges<br />State:  4 per party, extra if additional jurors<br />Federal: 3 pe...
Things to Keep in Mind<br />No substitute for reading the rules yourself<br />Rules can and will change<br />Separate admi...
QUESTIONS????<br />	Elizabeth Herbst Schierman		Mindy Willman<br />	Patent Attorney				Law Clerk<br />	Dykas, Shaver & Nip...
Katie Ball , Staff Attorney to Judge Ronald E. Bush, District of Idaho <br />The Hon. Darla Williamson, Fourth District Co...
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Notable Differences Between the Rules of Civil Procedure in Idaho\'s State and Federal Courts

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Discussing the most common differences in the rules of civil litigation practice between Idaho\'s state and federal court systems.
CORRECTION: The citation on the last slide should read:
Elizabeth Herbst Schierman & Katie Ball, Civil Procedure in Idaho: An Examination of Some Differences Between the Rules of Procedure of
The Idaho State and Federal Courts, Idaho L. Rev. 46 (2009)

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Notable Differences Between the Rules of Civil Procedure in Idaho\'s State and Federal Courts

  1. 1. Notable Differences Between the Rules of Civil Procedure in Idaho’s State and Federal Courts<br />CLE Presentation Sponsored by ISB Young Lawyers Section<br />January 27, 2010<br /> Elizabeth Herbst Schierman Mindy Willman<br /> Patent Attorney Law Clerk<br /> Dykas, Shaver & Nipper, LLP Fourth Judicial District, Idaho<br />
  2. 2. Areas of Significant Difference<br />Complaints and Service<br />Answers<br />Discovery<br />Pre-Discovery Procedures<br />Expert Discovery<br />Motion Practice<br />Briefing and Hearings<br />Deadlines Calculations<br />Jury Trials<br />
  3. 3. Background – Jurisdictions/Divisions<br />Judicial Districts:<br />State: 7 Judicial Districts<br />Federal: 1 Judicial District<br />4 Divisions: Northern, Central, Southern, Eastern<br />
  4. 4. Background – Judges<br />State: 43 district court judges 86 magistrate judges 44 judges on senior status TOTAL = 173 judges<br />Federal: 2 district court judges 2 magistrate court judges 2 judges on recall statusTOTAL = 6 judges<br />
  5. 5. Background – Number of Filings<br />Number of Civil Case Filings (2008)<br />State: 9,537<br />Federal: 555<br />
  6. 6. Governing Rules<br />State:<br />IRCP<br />District Local Rules<br />Federal:<br />FRCP<br />District Local Rules<br />ECF Procedures<br />Procedural Policies of Each Judge<br />
  7. 7. Filing Documents<br />State:<br />Physical presentment – during normal working hours<br />Facsimile – during normal working hours when<br />No Filing fee<br />10 Pages or Fewer<br />Courtesy Copies<br />Federal:<br />Electrical Filing via CM/ECF – until midnight MT Time<br />Electronic filing requirement does not apply to pro se litigants<br />No Courtesy Copies<br />
  8. 8. Initiation of Action<br />Magistrate Court/Magistrate Judges:<br />State:<br />Magistrate Court Judges – limited to certain types of proceedings<br />Federal:<br />Magistrate Court Judges – jurisdiction in certain matters, but may conduct all proceedings with consent<br />
  9. 9. Initiation of Action - Complaint<br />State:<br />Filing fee: $88.00<br />Summons Returned Personally or by Facsimile<br />No Civil Cover Sheet<br />Federal:<br />Filing fee: $350.00<br />Summons Returned by Email to Filing Attorney<br />Civil Cover Sheet Required<br />
  10. 10. Initiation of Action - Service<br />State:<br />Service Deadline = 6 months<br />Avoiding Service: Defendant can waive service by<br />Filing written acknowledgment of service or<br />Filing Notice of Appearance<br />Federal:<br />Service Deadline = 120 days<br />Avoiding Service: <br />Plaintiff can request Defendant waive, 30 days to respond; or<br />Defendant Answers w/o Raising 12(b)(4) or (5) defense<br />
  11. 11. Answer<br />State:<br />Deadline = 20 days<br />Filing Fee = $58.00<br />12(b) Defenses = 8 <br />Includes grounds that another action is pending between same parties for same cause<br />Federal:<br />Deadline = 21 days <br />(60-90 days in other circumstances)<br />No Filing Fee <br />12(b) Defenses = 7<br />But see Principles of Comity and Abstention Doctrine<br />
  12. 12. Discovery<br />Discovery Conference:<br />State: Not required<br />Federal: Absolutely required – 26(f) Conference<br />Must discuss discovery issues (including ESI), ADR, VCMC<br />Cannot serve discovery requests before the 26(f) conference<br />Initial Disclosures:<br />State: Not required<br />Federal: Absolutely required<br />
  13. 13. Discovery<br />Notice of Service (or Compliance)<br />State: <br />Required for certain documents<br />Filed with the Court<br />Federal:<br />Required for certain documents<br />Not filed with the Court<br />
  14. 14. Discovery<br />Depositions:<br />State: No limit on number<br />Federal: Limit of 10, no more than 1 per day or no more than 7 hours<br />Interrogatories:<br />State: Limit of 40 per party<br />Federal: Limit of 25 per party<br />
  15. 15. Discovery<br />Expert Witness Disclosures:<br />State: Not required absent court order, but information discoverable<br />Federal: Required along with written report<br />Motion to Compel Discovery:<br />State: Required certificate of good faith attempt to confer<br />Federal: Required certificate of good faith attempt to confer<br />
  16. 16. Motion Practice<br />Supporting Memoranda/Briefs:<br />State<br />Optional [4th District = required]<br />Deadline = 14 days before hearing[4thDistrict = at time of filing motion]<br />Mot. Summ. J. = 28 days before hearing<br />Page Limit = None [4th District = 25 pages]<br />Federal<br />Required<br />Deadline = At time of filing motion<br />Page Limit = 20 pages<br />
  17. 17. Motion Practice<br />Opposing Memoranda/Briefs:<br />State<br />Optional [4th District = required]<br />Deadline = 7 days before hearing <br />Mot. Summ. J. = 14 days before hearing<br />Page Limit = None [4th District = 25 pages]<br />Federal<br />Required, else consent to motion<br />Deadline = 21 days<br />Page Limit = 20 pages<br />
  18. 18. Motion Practice<br />Supporting Reply Memoranda/Briefs:<br />State<br />Optional<br />Deadline = 2 days before hearing [4th District = 3 days]<br />Mot. Summ. J. = 7 days before hearing<br />Page Limit = None [4th District = 15 pages]<br />Federal<br />Optional<br />Deadline = 14 days<br />Page Limit = 10 pages<br />
  19. 19. Motion Practice<br />Summary Judgment Motions:<br />State<br />Deadline = 60 days before trial or within 7 days from order setting trial, whichever is later<br />No Separate Statement of Facts<br />Unique Briefing Schedule<br />Federal<br />Deadline = 30 days after close of discovery, but usually set in Scheduling Order<br />Separate Statement of Facts Required, 10 pages or fewer<br />No Unique Briefing Schedule<br />
  20. 20. Motion Practice<br />Affidavits, Declarations, & Other Documentary Evidence<br />State<br />Affidavits only (to be on safe side)<br />Documentary Evidence attached to Affidavits, verified by personal knowledge<br />4th District Requires Record Cites<br />Federal<br />Affidavits or Declarations<br />Documentary Evidence attached to affidavits or delcarations, verified by personal knowledge<br />
  21. 21. Motion Practice<br />Courtesy Copies:<br />State: Not required, but usually appreciated<br />[4th District = required if paper filed within 7 days of hearing]<br />Federal: Not required and not necessary<br />Proposed Orders:<br />State: Submit as separate document with copies for service on parties, addressed and stamped envelopes [4th District also requires certificates of service]<br />Federal: Email as Word or WordPerfect attachment AAA_Orders@id.uscourts.gov<br />
  22. 22. Motion Practice<br />Hearings<br />State: Generally expected<br />Federal: Rare and only when presiding judge determines oral argument is appropriate<br />Notice of Hearing<br />State: Filed with motion, after calling the court clerk to obtain hearing date<br />Federal: Filed by court deputy<br />
  23. 23. Deadlines<br />Last Day<br />State: Moved if Sat., Sun., or Holiday<br />Federal: Moved if Sat., Sun., Holidayor, if to be filed in paper form, court inaccessible<br />Short Deadlines<br />State: <7 days, exclude intermediate weekends and holidays<br />Federal: Days are days (and hours are hours)<br />
  24. 24. Deadlines<br />Extra Days<br />State: 3 extra days when service by mail<br />Federal: 3 extra days when service by other than physical delivery, including mail and fax<br />Ultimate Deadline<br />State: 5:00 p.m. (close of court business)<br />Federal: 11:59:59 p.m. Mountain Timeexcept non-electronic filings = 5:00 p.m. at court<br />
  25. 25. Deadlines<br />Extending Deadlines<br />State: <br />Before expiration: By stipulation or by order for cause shown<br />After expiration: Only if failure to act was the result of excusable neglect<br />Federal:<br />Before expiration: For good cause<br />After expiration: For good cause and only if party failed to act because of excusable neglect<br />
  26. 26. Stipulations<br />Approval:<br />State: Generally treated as joint motion and are not binding on the court<br />Federal: Generally must be approved by judge<br />Discovery Process Stipulations:<br />State: Generally permitted <br />Federal: Generally permitted without court approval if no interference with discovery completion deadlines, motion hearings, or trial<br />
  27. 27. ADR<br />Available Types:<br />State: Mediation, Arbitration, or (rarely) court-conducted settlement conference<br />Federal: Mediation, Arbitration, or judicial settlement conference<br />Director/Coordinator:<br />State: Idaho Administrative Director<br />Federal: ADR Coordinator<br />
  28. 28. Jury Trials<br />Number of Jurors<br />State: <br />District Court: 12, unless parties agree to fewer in open court<br />Magistrate Court: 6 or fewer<br />Federal:<br />Not less than 6 or more than 12<br />
  29. 29. Jury Trials<br />Alternate Jurors<br />State: May be called, but do not deliberate unless needed to replace excused juror<br />Federal: Not available<br />
  30. 30. Jury Trials – Voir Dire<br />Submitting Questions<br />State: Not submitted beforehand<br />Federal: Submitted to court not fewer than 7 days before trial<br />Opening Statements:<br />State: Optional<br />Federal: Not provided for<br />
  31. 31. Jury Trials – Voir Dire<br />Examination Procedure:<br />State: Court examines first, then Plaintiff’s attorney, then Defendant’s attorney<br />Federal: Court examines first, then – if court so allows and permits – as directed by the court<br />
  32. 32. Jury Trials – Voir Dire<br />Preemptory Challenges<br />State: 4 per party, extra if additional jurors<br />Federal: 3 per party<br />Verdict<br />State: 3/4ths majority<br />Federal: Unanimous<br />
  33. 33. Things to Keep in Mind<br />No substitute for reading the rules yourself<br />Rules can and will change<br />Separate admission to federal court required<br />“I accidentally applied the [federal/state] civil rule” may not be an excusable mistake<br />
  34. 34. QUESTIONS????<br /> Elizabeth Herbst Schierman Mindy Willman<br /> Patent Attorney Law Clerk<br /> Dykas, Shaver & Nipper, LLP Fourth Judicial District, Idaho<br />schierman@dykaslaw.commwillman@vandals.uidaho.edu<br />
  35. 35. Katie Ball , Staff Attorney to Judge Ronald E. Bush, District of Idaho <br />The Hon. Darla Williamson, Fourth District Court<br />Dara Labrum , Banducci, Woodward, Schwartzman, PLLC<br />Thank You To<br />See Also: <br />Elizabeth Herbst Schierman & Katie Ball, Civil Procedure in Idaho: An Examination of Some Differences Between the Rules of Procedure of<br />The Idaho State and Federal Courts, Idaho L. Rev. 45 (2009)<br /> Elizabeth Herbst Schierman Mindy Willman<br /> Patent Attorney Law Clerk<br /> Dykas, Shaver & Nipper, LLP Fourth Judicial District, Idaho<br />schierman@dykaslaw.commwillman@vandals.uidaho.edu<br />

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