EIREThe Republic of IrelandThis presentation is only for educational purposes.
Ireland, the Emerald IsleIreland is one of the British Isles. It lies to thenorth-west of continental Europe and includeshundreds of smaller islands, such as the AranIslands.Ireland is surrounded by:- the Atlantic Ocean to the west;- the North Channel to the north;- the Irish Sea and St. George’s Channel to the east- the Celtic Sea to the south.
Ireland’s coastline is varied: the east coast has long sandybeaches, the west coast is mainly rocky, with very high cliffs.The most famous cliffs are the Cliffs of Moher, in CountyClare.Ireland is also called “the Emerald Isle” because of itsbeautiful countryside.
The main mountain ranges are:-Macgillycuddy’s Reeks in thesouth-westand- the Wicklow Mountains in thesouth-east.Most of the country is flat or hilly.
The longest river in Ireland is the Shannon.Other important rivers are the Liffey,flowing through Dublin, and the Boyne.Lakes in Ireland are often called loughs.The biggest one is Lough Neagh, which is inNorthern Ireland.The largest lake in the Republic of Ireland isLough Corrib in County Galway.
The Irish climate is temperate and oceanic, with cool summers and mild winters.It often rains in Ireland.The west is generally wetter than the east.The north is colder than the south, especially in winter.The weather in Ireland is so changeable that Irish people say:“If you don’t like the weather, wait five minutes”!Aidan Courtney
Politically, Ireland is divided into two parts: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland,also called Ulster, which is part of the United Kingdom.The Republic of Ireland occupies the majority of the islandand its capital is Dublin.The population in the Republic of Ireland is over 4.5 millionpeople. The majority of people are Catholic.The Republic of Ireland is dividedinto 3 provinces and 26 counties.
Dublin is the capital city.Cork is the second largest city.Other important towns are Limerick, Galway, Waterford, Kilkenny, Killarney, Sligo,Wicklow, and Wexford.
The Irish also call Ireland by its Gaelic name Eire, from the ancient goddes Erin. Gaelic isthe old language spoken by the Celts.The first national language is Irish Gaelic, or simply Irish, withEnglish as the second official language. Today Irish is studiedin all schools, and spoken as a daily language in some areas ofthe country called Gaeltacht, such as Conty Donegal,Connemara, the Aran Islands and Dingle Peninsula.The patron saint of Ireland is St. Patrick, who is celebrated on17th March.One of the symbols of Ireland is theshamrock, used by St. Patrick to explainthe Holy Trinity.
The national flag is the Irish Tricolour of green, white and orange.Ireland became an independent republic in 1922.Today it is a parliamentary constitutional republic.In 1973 it joined the European Union and in 2002 it adopted theeuro.The harp is the national emblem, used on coins, passportsand official documents of state.
The Gaelic name of the Irish capital is Baile Atha Cliath, while the English name Dublincomes from the Gaelic Dubh Linn, which means “dark pool”.It is situated at the mouth of theRiver Liffey which divides it into twoparts: the North Side and the SouthSide.There are various bridges across theriver, such as O’Connell Bridge andLiffey Bridge.
The main road on the North side isO’Connell Street, a very elegant widestreet.Along O’Connell Street you cansee the General Post Office, whichwas partially destroyed in the1916 Easter Rising.
In this area you can also visit the Dublin Writers Museum and the James JoyceCentre. Joyce is one of the most famous writers of the 20th century.
On the South Side there are most of the city’s historic places and monuments to visit.Dublin Castle was built by the Normans in the13th century and largely rebuilt in the 18thcentury. It was the symbol of British powerover Ireland.
Christ Church Cathedral is Dublin’soldest building.It is the cathedral of the Churchof Ireland.
St. Patrick’s Cathedral is the largest church in Ireland. It was founded in the 12thcentury. Jonathan Swift, the famous author of Gulliver’s Travels, is buried here.
Old Parliament was built in 1729and was the seat of the Parliamentof independent Ireland.After the 1801 Act of Union itbecame the seat of the Bank ofIreland.The Oireachtas(NationalParliament) consistsof the Presidentand two Houses:Dáil Éireann (theHouse ofRepresentatives)and Seanad Éireann(the Senate)Today the National Parliament ofIreland sits in Leinster House, an18th century ducal palace.
The Trinity College, founded in 1592, isIreland’s oldest university.The Old Library includes several pricelessIrish manuscripts. The best example is the9th century Book of Kells, which contains adecorated copy of the Four Gospels inLatin.
Grafton Street is the centre of Dublin’sshopping area.At the end of the street there is the statue ofMolly Malone, a beautiful fishmonger whoworked through the streets of Dublin. She diedof a fever when she was young. She’sremembered in a famous song Cockles andMussles.
Near Grafton Street you can relax at St. Stephen’s Green, a beautiful public parkin the city centre, with fountains, gardens, a playground and a large lake.
Temple Bar, situated on the South Side, is Dublin’s liveliest area and “cultural quarter”,full of restaurants, arts centres, and pubs offering live music and beer.Guinness Storehouse has been thehome of the world’s most famousstout, the traditional dark beer,since 1759. It is situated in St.Jame’s Gate Brewery and has gotseven floors. There is a museuminside the building.
Croke Park is Dublin’s and Ireland’sbiggest sports stadium.It is used for rugby and footballmatches and for other sportsevents.In 2005 and 2009 Ireland’s mostfamous music band U2 played here.
SEE YOU IN DUBLIN!This presentation is only for educational purposes.