The Setup (Queen on her color) (white to right) Rook, Knight, Bishop, Queen, King … Rook, Knight, Bishop, Queen, King …
The Kings KING The KING can move one space in any direction.
The Queens The QUEEN can move any number of spaces in any one direction.
The Rooks The ROOK can move any number of spaces up, down, left, or right.
Knights The KNIGHT moves in an L-shaped pattern. 2 spaces up, down, left, right, and then 1 space to make L-shape. ONLY KNIGHTS can jump over other pieces.
Bishops The Bishop moves any number of squares diagonally only.
Pawns First Move (2 spaces) PAWNS move FORWARD one square at a time. However, they can move two spaces forward on their first move.
Pawns Capture Diagonally The PAWN moves FORWARD one square. However, to capture another piece a pawn must move diagonally.
Capturing the Enemy <ul><li>To capture a piece, just move your piece into the same square. </li></ul><ul><li>Only the king cannot be captured by moving a piece onto the same square. The king can be put in “check” but not taken. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. “I will take your knight with my pawn!” </li></ul>
Check! <ul><li>Check! When you move a piece to threaten the king, you say “Check!” </li></ul>
Checkmate!! <ul><li>When you threaten the king and the other player can’t escape your threat, you say Checkmate! And the game is over!! </li></ul>In this case the black king cannot move out of check. Every square that the king could move to is threatened by a white piece.
Special Move: Castling <ul><li>Castling: When both your king and your rook are still located in the place where they began the game and there are no pieces between them you can castle. </li></ul><ul><li>Castling is only possible if your king has not yet moved or been in check. </li></ul><ul><li>To castle, move your king two squares towards the available rook. Then bring the rook and place it next to the king on the other side. </li></ul>
Special Move: Capturing En Passant <ul><li>En passant: Pawns have one more special move. They can capture another pawn as it moves past them, if it moves two squares. See Illustration below: </li></ul>