Part-time work in theNetherlands: advantages and disadvantages foremployees and employersTanja van der Lippe
1. Part-time work: the numbers                                 2
3
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A short history of part-time work•   1960s and 1970s    marginal place of part-time work, small numbers     - low quality ...
Characteristics of part-time jobs inthe NetherlandsNote: depends on small or large part-time jobs-12-34 hours = part-time-...
2. Why is working part-time sopopular in the Netherlands:the perspective of the employeeand the employer                  ...
The employee perspective: thesupply   Human capital:   Human capital:     Education     Education    Experience     Experi...
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Family life in the Netherlands:•   Focus on nuclear family•   Rather conservative norms with respect to full time working ...
Norms: % of the Dutch who do not find itproblematic that working women bring their childto child care facilities     women...
The employer perspective: thedemand side       Fixed        Fixed   costs/flexible   costs/flexible       costs        cos...
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Norms of Employer                                       % who agreeFulltime workers more commitmenttowards the organizatio...
Why organizations offer a smallpart time job•   Work organization:    – Costs                 40%    – Planning           ...
3. Advantages and disadvantagesof part time jobs                                  17
Disadvantages of a part time jobEmployee:•Less income•Other colleagues work more hours• Less career options:    – 50% of e...
Advantages of a part-time jobEmployee:•Ability to combine work with private life, especially in caseof young children•Expe...
The future•   Willingness to work more hours in the Netherland is low•   Dutch society is not organized on two full-time j...
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Part-time work in the Netherlands: advantages and disadvantages for employees and employers

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Presentation by Tanja van der Lippe (University of Utrecht, Faculty of Social Sciences) on the occasion of the EESC LMO conference on "Typical and atypical work contracts - advantages and disadvantages from the labour market perspective" in Warsaw, Poland, on 8/9 April 2013.

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Part-time work in the Netherlands: advantages and disadvantages for employees and employers

  1. 1. Part-time work in theNetherlands: advantages and disadvantages foremployees and employersTanja van der Lippe
  2. 2. 1. Part-time work: the numbers 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. A short history of part-time work• 1960s and 1970s marginal place of part-time work, small numbers - low quality of work - low wages - no interference of unions - no social security• Since 1970s more part-time work - increase in level of education - married women are allowed to have a paid job - need for additional income in the family - fewer children per family
  7. 7. Characteristics of part-time jobs inthe NetherlandsNote: depends on small or large part-time jobs-12-34 hours = part-time-Neither atypical nor flexible-Most often covered by collective agreements-Standard jobs-Written contract-No earning difference with full-time job, controlling for relevantindicators; but some difference in extras 7
  8. 8. 2. Why is working part-time sopopular in the Netherlands:the perspective of the employeeand the employer 8
  9. 9. The employee perspective: thesupply Human capital: Human capital: Education Education Experience Experience Norms: Norms: Family life Family life Working hours Working hours Economic Economic necessity necessity The work The work organization organization 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. Family life in the Netherlands:• Focus on nuclear family• Rather conservative norms with respect to full time working women. 43% of the women and 41% of the men have ‘little consideration’ for women who work full time (2010) 11
  12. 12. Norms: % of the Dutch who do not find itproblematic that working women bring their childto child care facilities women men 12
  13. 13. The employer perspective: thedemand side Fixed Fixed costs/flexible costs/flexible costs costs The sector The sector Working hours Working hours Norms of Norms of employer employer The employee The employee 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. Norms of Employer % who agreeFulltime workers more commitmenttowards the organization 30%Investing in full time workers moreProfitable for the organziation 24%Fulltime workers have more ambitions 15%Parttime workers are more productive 16%Part timers are more efficient 15%(SCP 2009) 15
  16. 16. Why organizations offer a smallpart time job• Work organization: – Costs 40% – Planning 57% – Physical reasons 20%• Employee: – preference 69% – Importance of applying certain groups of employees 50%• You have a right to work part time in the Netherlands(SCP 2009) 16
  17. 17. 3. Advantages and disadvantagesof part time jobs 17
  18. 18. Disadvantages of a part time jobEmployee:•Less income•Other colleagues work more hours• Less career options: – 50% of employers agree that for a career fulltime work is necessary (Baayens, 2005) – Often lower status positions, due to the many women in the job category•In case of men: not acceptedOrganization:•50% of employers with a high percentage of partime- workers report more coordination and management 18
  19. 19. Advantages of a part-time jobEmployee:•Ability to combine work with private life, especially in caseof young children•Expensive child care facilities, since 2010 more expensiveWork organization:•Practical reasons (planning, preference of clients)•Satisfied employees•Similar productivity of part-time and full-time employees(NIVEL, at least in medical sector) 19
  20. 20. The future• Willingness to work more hours in the Netherland is low• Dutch society is not organized on two full-time jobs - child care - school times but change is fast: - all shops are open on Sunday -child care arrangements before school starts• Part time work – can be used as flexible work, future option• Research -employee, the organization, countries 20

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