The Dutch experience

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Presentation by Chantal Remery on the occasion of the public hearing on The role of family policy in demographic change on 21.03.2011

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The Dutch experience

  1. 1. The role of family policy in demographic change - Sharing best practice among Member States The Dutch experience Chantal Remery Utrecht School of Economics Brussels 21 March 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Structure of presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Some facts on the Dutch labour market </li></ul><ul><li>Reconciliation policies </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Current debates </li></ul>
  3. 3. Some facts on the Dutch labour market 2009 Source: Eurostat Participation rate Men Women Netherlands 82.4 71.5 EU27 70.7 58.6 Participation rate in fte Netherlands 73.2 45.9 EU27 68.5 50.1
  4. 4. Reconciliation policy <ul><li>Heavy reliance on flexible working time regime; less emphasis on leave arrangements and/or child care facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on reconciliation policy from the perspective of increasing the participation rate of women </li></ul>
  5. 5. Leave policy <ul><li>Length of parental leave: </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty six times the number of working hours per week per child, to be taken up to the child’s eight birthday </li></ul><ul><li>Payment: </li></ul><ul><li>All parents taking parental leave are entitled to a tax reduction of 704 euro a month (i.e. half the statutory minimum wage a month in case of full-time leave) </li></ul><ul><li>Take up in 2009: </li></ul><ul><li>41% among mothers; 19% among fathers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Child care policy 2005: Introduction of the Dutch child care Act Result: Strong increase in availability of formal child care places Daycare covers about 30% of all children in aged 0-3 Out-of-school care covers about 12% of all aged 4-12 Type of care 2004 2009 Growth rate Daycare 124.000 165.000 33% Out-of-school care 74.000 187.500 253% Total 199.000 352.000 77%
  7. 7. Typical Dutch case y oung parents, medium/high education and an orientation to paid work would opt for: <ul><li>Parental leave for one or two days a week: </li></ul><ul><li>she would probably lower her working hours to 3 or 4 days a week, he lowers his full-time working week with one day </li></ul><ul><li>Childcare facilities will be used on a part-time basis in order to cover the 2 to 3 simultaneous working days </li></ul><ul><li>After the leave period she most probably decreases her formal working hours to 3 days a week, whereas he increases his working time again to full time </li></ul><ul><li> one-and-a-half-earner model </li></ul>
  8. 8. Current debates <ul><li>Heavy emphasis on need to increase labour force participation due to demographic change </li></ul><ul><li>Some policy effort to increase the average number of working hours among women </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time cutbacks in public expenditures on child care </li></ul>

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