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Presentation by Pascaline Descy (Head of the area Research and Policy Analysis, Cedefop) on the occasion of the EESC Labour Market Observatory conference held on 3 December 2013 in Thessaloniki, …

Presentation by Pascaline Descy (Head of the area Research and Policy Analysis, Cedefop) on the occasion of the EESC Labour Market Observatory conference held on 3 December 2013 in Thessaloniki, Greece

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  • 1. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Skills forecast and mismatch in Europe Pascaline Descy Head of research and policy analysis Cedefop 25/10/ 2011 1
  • 2. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Skills are key For competitiveness in knowledge economies  Higher skills and ability to use skills = higher productivity For career and life success      Employment Wages Civic engagement Health Adaptability But which skills? For which jobs? 2
  • 3. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Top sectors & jobs demand in the EU Expansion demand Replacement demand Job openings Health & social work 1.5 7.3 8.8 Professional services 2.7 5.7 8.4 Retail 0.9 5.5 6.5 Education 0.3 5.7 6.0 Other business services 1.7 4.2 Change in employment by major occupational groups, 2000-2025 5.9 TOP 5 sectors 2010-2020 3 Cyprus Presidency Conference Source: Cedefop skill supply and skill demand forecast model 22/10/2012
  • 4. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Demand for both high & medium qualification 60% Change in required educational level in jobs, 2000-2020, EU27 51% 49% 50% 48% 40% 29% 30% 20% 19% 20% 35% 32% 17% 10% 0% 2000 2010 Low Medium 4 Source: European Social Survey data & Cedefop’s skill supply and skill demand forecast model 2020 High
  • 5. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 The right ‘skills mix’? Skills for success     Basic/foundation skills Generic/transversal & ICT skills – increasingly important in workplace Specific technical knowledge Adaptability, flexibility and career management skills Entering the labour market  Specific technical knowledge - along with generic skills  Work experience – ‘simulated work practices’ at school or work-based learning 5
  • 6. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Skills increasing in importance The view of employers Machine mechanics Shop sales persons Finance professionals Source: Cedefop pilot survey on skill needs in Europe 6
  • 7. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 A Skill Mismatch in Europe? Skills shortages o Significant deficits of basic skills o Bottlenecks in specific sectors or occupations (e.g. health, ICT, finance, engineering) o EU firms report difficulties in finding staff with required skills Percentage of employers facing difficulties filling their jobs, 2006-2013 7 Source: Manpower Talent Surveys
  • 8. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Displacement effects during the crisis Change (%) in employment by occupational group and skill level, EU27, 2007-2011 Elementary occupations Low education Medium education High education Skilled manual Skilled non manual High skill Total -40 -30 Source: Eurostat data 8 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
  • 9. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Claims of skill shortages but…. The best educated workforce ever and low job creation  About 40m EU workers (20% of labour force) currently unemployed or underemployed – significant share with high qualifications or skills  1 out of 4 HE graduates took up medium/low skill jobs (25% HE overqualification)  23% of EU workers mismatched in field of study  In 2011, 74m employees jobs in need of medium-qualifications, but 61m medium-educated workers available  Stable or falling job complexity in past decade in some MS  skill underutilisation 9
  • 10. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Informing decisions – From the local to the EU level Available jobs and skills demand PES Regional observatories Skill mismatch Future skill needs Shortages Overqualification Overskilling Forecasts Foresight Scenarios Mid-term labour market trends Sector/occupation skill requirements Current labour market flows 10
  • 11. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 EU Skills Panorama A central access point to data, information and intelligence on skill needs in Europe 11
  • 12. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 A more skill intensive and competitive labour market Provide guidance and counseling in education and during careers Reform education and training Renew qualifications in partnerships Support mobility between occupations, sectors and countries Project-based and work-based learning to combine basic, technical and generic skills and increase job readiness 12
  • 13. Pascaline Descy – 3 December 2013 Thank you for your attention http://www.cedefop.europa.eu 13