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Why Europe should accept asylum seekers and refugees? Is this only a moral duty or also an (economic) opportunity for Europe?
 

Why Europe should accept asylum seekers and refugees? Is this only a moral duty or also an (economic) opportunity for Europe?

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Presentation by Claus Folden (Head of Operational Support, European Asylum Support Office) on the occasion of the conference on Immigration – a source of wealth and duties for Europe organised by ...

Presentation by Claus Folden (Head of Operational Support, European Asylum Support Office) on the occasion of the conference on Immigration – a source of wealth and duties for Europe organised by the EESC, the Council of Europe and the French Economic, Social and Environmental Council in Brussels on 15 March 2013.

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    Why Europe should accept asylum seekers and refugees? Is this only a moral duty or also an (economic) opportunity for Europe? Why Europe should accept asylum seekers and refugees? Is this only a moral duty or also an (economic) opportunity for Europe? Presentation Transcript

    • Why Europe should accept asylum seekers and refugees?Is this only a moral duty or also an (economic) opportunity for Europe?
    • Mixed Migration Flows• Legal/Regular• Need for International Protection• IrregularRefugees and asylum seekers account for only a small proportion of the globalmovement of people, they frequently travel alongside other types of migrants (such aseconomic migrants etc…)Many of these movements are irregular, in the sense that they often take placewithout the requisite documentation, use unauthorized border crossing points orinvolve smugglers
    • International Law (Asylum is granted to people fleeing persecution or serious harm in their own country and therefore in need of international protection. Asylum is a fundamental right; granting it is an international obligation, first recognised in the 1951 Geneva Convention on the protection of refugees)EU Acquis (Several legislative measures harmonising common minimum standards for asylum: Qualification Directive, Asylum Procedures Directive, Dublin III Regulation, Reception Conditions Directive and EURODAC Regulation)
    • What is the Common European Asylum System (CEAS)?• The EU constitutes a single area where the right to asylum should be upheld by a Common European Asylum System (CEAS), ensuring uniform statuses, high common standards of protection and common features in asylum procedures for those in need of international protection• The CEAS is based on a set of common legal instruments (the “EU asylum acquis”) and on the enhancement of practical cooperation, responsibility and solidarity among EU Member States. In line with the Stockholm Programme, the adoption of the five second phase instruments laying the legal foundations of CEAS will be completed in early 2013
    • What is EASO?The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) is an EU RegulatoryAgency that was set up with the aim of facilitating, coordinatingand strengthening such practical cooperation among MemberStates and help to increase coordination of operationalcooperation between Member States so that the common rulesare implemented effectively so that Member States are betterable to provide international protection to those entitled, whiledealing fairly and efficiently with those who do not qualify forinternational protection, where appropriate.
    • Who is an asylum seeker and who is arefugee?The terms asylum seeker and refugee are often confused.An asylum seeker is someone who says he or she is a refugee and filed a claim forasylum, but whose claim has not yet been definitively evaluatedA refugee is any non-EU country national or stateless person who is located outsideof his/her country of origin and who is unwilling or unable to return to it owing to awell-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality,political opinion or membership of a particular social group
    • Asylum applications (non-EU-27) in the EU- 27 Member States, 2001-2011
    • Number of decisions, positive & negative decisions
    • Successful integration is the keyMigrants – including refugees – can actively contribute to the economic,social and cultural development of European societies. Their successfulintegration into society in the host country is the key to maximising theopportunities of legal migration and making the most of the contributionsthat immigration can make to EU developmentAlthough the responsibility for integration rests with the EU MemberStates, the EU supports national and local policies with policy coordination,exchange of knowledge and financial support
    • Granting protection to those who qualify for it is an obligation and a possible mutual economic opportunity