Reform of the Italian citizenship law - Recognizing citizenship to second generation born and/or grown up in Italy
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Reform of the Italian citizenship law - Recognizing citizenship to second generation born and/or grown up in Italy

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Presentation by Ezequiel Iurcovich (Rete G2 - Seconde generazioni (Italy)) on the occasion of the EESC hearing on 'A more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants' - Brussels, 4 September 2013

Presentation by Ezequiel Iurcovich (Rete G2 - Seconde generazioni (Italy)) on the occasion of the EESC hearing on 'A more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants' - Brussels, 4 September 2013

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Reform of the Italian citizenship law - Recognizing citizenship to second generation born and/or grown up in Italy Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Reform of the Italian citizenship law Recognizing citizenship to second generation born and/or grown in Italy. Hearing A more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants European Economic and Social Committee, Bruxelles 4 September 2013 Ezequiel Iurcovich
  • 2. Us Italian population – Jan 2013 Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013 60,6 million 3,5 million 5,7% Us +10 Years Italian population – Jan 2013 62,7 million Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013 7,6 million 12,1% Our heirs on 200° Anniversary of Italian Unification Italian population – Jan 2013 61,8 million Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013 13,8 million Source: ISTAT, Regional population forecast for 2065 22,3%
  • 3. Who / what are second generations? Young people Sons/daughters of immigrants Born in Italy AND/OR Grown in Italy Are them different from young sons of Italians? No, ….. apparently They are completely italians, but not by law From a legal point of view, children born in Italy to foreign parents are considered to be foreigners (...), although de facto Italians, since their path of growth and socialization, language acquisition and acculturation occurs within spaces education in the host country. Italian Ministry of Interior: 1° Study on Immigrants in Italy, 2007
  • 4. Second generation of immigration or First generation of Italians Us Italian population – Jan 2013 Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013 second generation 60,6 million 3,5 million 1,0 million 76% born in Italy Us +10 Years Italian population – Jan 2013 62,7 million Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013 7,6 million 2,2 million Our heirs on 200° Anniversary of Italian Unification Italian population – Jan 2013 Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013 Source: ISTAT, Regional population forecast for 2065 61,8 million 13,8 million 4,1 million
  • 5. Law 5 February 1992, n. 91 New laws on citizenship IUS SANGUINIS criterion heirs of Italians are Italians (art. 1, p. 1) Excluding criterion: Those who are born in Italy to foreign parents are foreigners Sole concession: Those who are born in Italy to foreign parents, if legally and continuously residing in Italy, after 18th birthday have only 1 year to apply for citizenship (art. 4, p. 2) Those who are grown in Italy excluded
  • 6. Citizenship in EU countries Country Citizenship law taking into account second generations Belgium Double Ius Soli for 3G Ius soli on request for 2G (12 years old, 10 years residence for parents) Ius soli on request for 2G 18-30 years France Double Ius Soli for 3G Ius soli for 2G (request by parents < 13 years, request by subject < 16 anni, at 18 years if arrived > 11 years) Germany Ius soli for 2G (one parent > 8 years residence) Ireland Ius soli for2G ((one parent > 4 years residence) Portugal Ius soli for 2G ((one parent > 10 years residence) Spain United Kinkdom Ius sanguinis Double Ius Soli for 3G Ius soli for 2G ((one parent > 5 years residence)
  • 7. Foreign nationals in Italy (1) Jan 2013: 3,5 million 6 nationalities (Morocco, Albania, PRC, Ucraina, Moldova, India) represent 50% Long-term residents (> 5 years of legally and continuously residence) are 45% (1,6 million) Source: Foreign citizens living in Italy, per country of origin (ISTAT, 2011)
  • 8. Foreign nationals in Italy (2) Source: Foreign citizens living in Italy, per country of origin (ISTAT, 2011)
  • 9. (EMI / IMMI) gration emigration FROM ITALY EMI IMMI years EMI 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 EMI 442 387 167 89 51 46 31 IMMI 38 73 165 210 356 1.334 3.570 thousands Law 91/1992 on citizenship Immigration IN ITALY IMMI
  • 10. Us, now National census 2011 12.000 new Italian citizens in 2002 70.000 new Italian citizens in 2011 Census does not Take it into accoun Source: Dossier Caritas Migrantes, 2011
  • 11. Active citizenship of second generations Can the status quo be changed? Rete G2 – Seconde generazioni National organization founded in 2005 by heirs of immigrants born and/or grown in Italy Aim Reform of the law regarding Italian citizenship towards a more inclusive model Cultural evolution of Italian society Method Direct participation Direct dialogue with institutions Studying and analisying not only witness www.secondegenerazioni.it
  • 12. Active citizenship of second generations The status quo can be changed! Campaign “L’Italia sono anch’io” 19 organization from civil society Campaigning for 2 law of popular initiative (minimum 50.000 signatures) 1. Reform of the citizenship law 2. Right to vote in local elections for foreign nationals Resultas 50.000 signatures required richieste Citizenship: 109.000 signatures Local elections vote: 106.000 signatures Delivered to the President of the Chamber of Deputies on 06/03/2012 www.litaliasonoanchio.it
  • 13. Active citizenship of second generations How to change the status quo! Forte e chiaro Quando e quanto?
  • 14. Thank you for your attention Ezequiel Iurcovich iurcovich@gmail.com +39-3386203229