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Ten years with the Common Basic Principles on integration - what next?
 

Ten years with the Common Basic Principles on integration - what next?

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Presentation given by Dr. Walter Kindermann (General Director for Integration Affairs at the State of Hessen's Ministry for Justice, Integration and Europe) on the occasion of the 11th meeting of the ...

Presentation given by Dr. Walter Kindermann (General Director for Integration Affairs at the State of Hessen's Ministry for Justice, Integration and Europe) on the occasion of the 11th meeting of the European Integration Forum on 3 April 2014 in Brussels

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    Ten years with the Common Basic Principles on integration - what next? Ten years with the Common Basic Principles on integration - what next? Presentation Transcript

    • Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration "Ten years with the Common Basic Principles on integration – what next?" Dr. Walter Kindermann
    • KING (Ismu Foundation, Milano) Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration • Applied Social Studies (Jenny Phillimore) • Demography (Gian Carlo Blangiardo) • Economics (Martin Kahanec, Alessandra Venturini) • EU Law and Policies (Yves Pascouau) • Political Science (Alberto Martinelli) • Sociology (Rinus Penninx) • Administration (Walter Kindermann) • ISMU Team: Daniela Carrillo, Marina Dodorico, Guia Gilardoni, Veronica Riniolo, Pierre Georges van Wolleghem • http://www.ismu.org (KING – Knowledge for Integration Governance)
    • 3 Dimensions of Integration Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Socio- economic Cultural/ religious Legal/ political
    • What next? Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • Monday, March 31, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change The report released by the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on Monday announced that the impacts of climate change are already widespread. "We have the information to make decisions." Poorest will suffer most from climate change impacts "Where would these people go? This would lead to climate refugees."
    • 50 million people or 10% of the EU-population are immigrants. 17 million have immigrated from another EU-Member State, 33 million are Third Country Nationals. Source: Eurostat, German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Share of Immigrants
    • Migration flows to Europe 2005-2010 Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Source: Sander, Abel & Bauer 2014 Europe Total in: 10.6 million Total out: 2.7 million
    • 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Under 3 3 to 5 6 to 17 18 to 24 25 to 65 65 and older Share of the population with immigration background by age group Source: 2013 Integration Report of Hessen (Mikrozensus) Age Structure of Immigrants (in % of population) Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • • 25 % of the society of today are already migrants or second-generation immigrants • + Demographic change will rise it to 40 % • + ? % will come the next 15 years: > 55 %? • Lots of them will perform to leading persons in the society, being part of the identity-building of the future European society Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • CBP 2 ‘Integration implies respect for the basic values of the European Union’ CBP 6 ‘Access for immigrants to institutions, as well as to public and private goods and services, on a basis equal to national citizens and in a non- discriminatory way is a critical foundation for better integration’ Meaning: Non-discrimination and respect for basic values as a foundation for the whole integration process (i.e. for the whole society) – then CBP 1? Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • Different legal groups or different potentials and needs? Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration High potentials Poor Refugees
    • CBP 1 ‘Integration is a dynamic, two-way process of mutual accommodation by all immigrants and residents of Member States’ CBP 7 ‘Frequent interaction between immigrants and Member State citizens is a fundamental mechanism for integration. Shared forums, intercultural dialogue, education about immigrants and immigrant cultures, and stimulating living conditions in urban environments enhance the interactions between immigrants and Member State citizens’ Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • Two-way-process Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Host/ recieving society Immigrant
    • Two-way-process Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Socio- economic Cultural/ religious Legal/ political Socio- economic Cultural/ religious Legal/ political
    • Superdiverse Societies Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Immigrants Host/recieving society
    • CBP 3 ‘Employment is a key part of the integration process and is central to the participation of immigrants, to the contributions immigrants make to the host society, and to making such contributions visible’ But: We have to make it possible, we have the task to organize labour market in a way, that gives a chance to fair employment for immigrants. Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • CBP 4 ‘Basic knowledge of the host society’s language, history, and institutions is indispensable to integration; enabling immigrants to acquire this basic knowledge is essential to successful integration’ CBP 5 ‘Efforts in education are critical to preparing immigrants, and particularly their descendants, to be more successful and more active participants in society’ Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • Children with an Immigration Background Starting Primary Education in Hessen, Year: 2002 Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration 36 % not ready for school 44 % repeated 1st grade
    • Modifications to Hessian School Laws and Language Programs Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Age 3-6: German classes in kindergarten Age 4-5: application for school and language test Age 5-6: if necessary, a pre-school course (1 year) Age 6-7: if needed, special first class
    • Number of Children Attending German Language Training in Kindergarden Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration School beginners: 50,000 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
    • Children with an Immigration Background Starting Primary Education 35.7% not ready for school 12.4% not ready for school 44% Repeated 1st Grade 17% Repeated 1st Grade Hessen Ministry of Justice, for Integration and Europe Dr. Kindermann „Integration in Hessen" Milano 13. Juni 2013
    • CBP 8 ‘The practice of diverse cultures and religions is guaranteed under the Charter of Fundamental Rights and must be safeguarded, unless practices conflict with other inviolable European rights or with national law’ Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • CBP 11 ‘Developing clear goals, indicators and evaluation mechanisms are necessary to adjust policy, evaluate progress on integration and to make the exchange of information more effective. Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • CBP 9 ‘The participation of immigrants in the democratic process and in the formulation of integration policies and measures, especially at the local level, supports their integration’ CBP 10 ‘Mainstreaming integration policies and measures in all relevant policy portfolios and levels of government and public services is an important consideration in public policy formation and implementation.’ Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration
    • Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Civil society Hessen government voluntary fire brigades companies Churches and other religious communities cities munici- palities cities munici- palities NPO sports clubs charities NPO NPO NPO munici- palities
    • Folie 26Dr. Kindermann "The Program Model Regions in Hessen" Brüssel 6. März 2013
    • Integration and Europe Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Europe Diversity Integration
    • Europe 2030 Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration WE
    • www.integrationskompass.de Hessen State Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration